The Master of Science in Industrial Ecology (IE) offers talented students from around the world the opportunity to enhance their expertise and work on the grand challenge to achieve global prosperity within the planetary boundaries.
The master's programme Industrial Ecology is an emerging scientific discipline that takes a systemic approach to environmental problems. An interdisciplinary approach, integrating technical, environmental and social frames of reference, is essential for sustainable development. The Master in Industrial Ecology is a co-operation between Leiden University and Delft University of Technology. Both universities are at the forefront of the field of Industrial Ecology.
Read more about our Industrial Ecology programme.
Find more reasons to study Industrial Ecology at Leiden University.
The programme is open to students from a wide range of studies in engineering, natural and social sciences. If you are an idealistic, ambitious and critical thinking student who is looking for the opportunity to enhance expertise and work on the grand challenges facing our world today, this master’s programme is the right choice.
Read more about the entry requirements for Industrial Ecology.
Degree: Master of Science with a major in Energy and Environmental Engineering
The Sustainability Engineering and Management master’s programme deals with the multifaceted challenge of developing products, services and technical systems that contribute to increased resource-effectiveness and sustainability.
It is well-known that economic development and human welfare depend on the availability of raw materials and energy. However, the exploitation of such natural resources has many environmental implications such as climate change, resource scarcity and the uncontrolled dispersal of hazardous substances. In times of global environmental problems and concerns about the long-term availability of natural resources such as metals and minerals, incentives for using materials and energy in more intelligent and efficient ways are increasing among governments, companies and other organisations.
McKinsey, one of the largest management consultancy firms in the world, has emphasised the urgent need for a resource revolution. The aim is to address the anticipated economic and political implications of resource scarcity, steadily increasing pollution levels from primary production and the uneven distribution of natural resources among regions. Companies are thus facing the challenge of delivering increasing amounts of products and services, while at the same time preventing the depletion of natural resources, cutting costs and contributing to a sustainable society.
This master’s programme offers a unique knowledge profile and aims to train future engineers who can contribute to such a societal transition towards the more efficient use of natural resources. More specifically, you will learn how to combine a multidisciplinary system perspective with skills in modern environmental and energy engineering. With this proactive and holistic approach, environmental problems can often be significantly limited or prevented, without jeopardising human well-being.
The programme combines the perspectives of two research groups – Energy Systems and Environmental Technology and Management – at the Department of Management and Engineering. These groups deal with system solutions and state-of-the-art research in areas like renewable energy and biofuels, energy efficiency, waste management, urban and landfill mining, corporate environmental management and integrated product-service offerings. Several renewable energy solutions have already been implemented in the region, which means that you will have the opportunity to see how such environmental technology works in practice. Moreover, there is a national research excellence centre on biogas production and utilisation located at the university, which involves a wide network of academic, industry-related and public actors.
The first semester features introductory courses in environmental engineering and energy systems, and courses in traditional engineering topics such as product development and project management. The second and third semesters involve specialisation in concepts, strategies and methods for achieving more efficient use of materials and energy, at business, inter-business and societal levels. These semesters also include courses on the development and implementation of sustainability concepts and strategies such as innovative entrepreneurship and innovation management.
Examples of courses within the programme are: Energy Systems, Large Technical Systems and the Environment, Energy Systems Analysis, Innovative Entrepreneurship, Biofuels for Transportation, Industrial Ecology, Management Systems and Sustainability, Innovation Management and Resource-Efficient Products.
The programme concludes with a degree project (30 ECTS) in the final semester.
This MSc provides an ideal foundation for students wishing to advance their mathematical modelling skills. The programme teaches students the basic concepts which arise in a broad range of technical and scientific problems and illustrates how these may be applied in a research context to provide powerful solutions.
Students develop an understanding of the processes undertaken to arrive at a suitable mathematical model and are taught the fundamental analytical techniques and computational methods used to develop insight into system behaviour. The programme introduces a range of problems - industrial, biological and environmental - and associated conceptual models and solutions.
Students undertake modules to the value of 180 credits.
The programme consists of five core modules (75 credits), three optional modules (45 credits), and a research dissertation (60 credits).
The part-time option normally spans two years. The eight taught modules are spread over the two years. The research dissertation is taken in the summer of the second year.
All MSc students undertake an independent research project, which culminates in a dissertation of approximately 15,000-words and a project presentation.
Teaching and learning
The programme is delivered through seminar-style lectures and problem and computer-based classes. Student performance is assessed through a combination of unseen examination and coursework. For the majority of courses, the examination makes up between 90–100% of the assessment. The project is assessed through the dissertation and an oral presentation.
Further information on modules and degree structure is available on the department website: Mathematical Modelling MSc
Our graduates have found employment in a wide variety of organisations such as Hillier-Parker, IBM, Swissbank, Commerzbank Global Equities, British Gas, Harrow Public School, Building Research Establishment and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather-Forecasting.
Recent career destinations for this degree
Finance, actuarial and accountancy professionals are constantly in demand for their high-level mathematical skills and recent graduates have taken positions in leading finance-related companies such as UBS, Royal Bank of Scotland, Societe Generale, PricewaterhouseCoopers, Deloitte, and KPMG.
In the engineering sector, one recent graduate has progressed to a mathematical modelling role at a leading transportation planning consultancy; another became a graduate trainee at a business segment of Schlumberger that provides reservoir imaging, monitoring, and development services.
In addition, a number of graduates have remained in education either progressing to a PhD or entering the teaching profession.
Careers data is taken from the ‘Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education’ survey undertaken by HESA looking at the destinations of UK and EU students in the 2013–2015 graduating cohorts six months after graduation.
UCL Mathematics is internationally renowned for its excellent individual and group research that involves applying modelling techniques to problems in industrial, biological and environmental areas.
The department hosts a stream of distinguished international visitors. In recent years four staff members have been elected fellows of the Royal Society, and the department publishes the highly regarded research journal Mathematika.
This MSc enables students to consolidate their mathematical knowledge and formulate basic concepts of modelling before moving on to case studies in which models have been developed for issues motivated by industrial, biological or environmental considerations.
The Research Excellence Framework, or REF, is the system for assessing the quality of research in UK higher education institutions. The 2014 REF was carried out by the UK's higher education funding bodies, and the results used to allocate research funding from 2015/16.
The following REF score was awarded to the department: Mathematics
82% rated 4* (‘world-leading’) or 3* (‘internationally excellent’)
Learn more about the scope of UCL's research, and browse case studies, on our Research Impact website.
If you are interested in studying for advanced level skills in measuring and analysing different issues in the environment and assessing their risks to that environment the programme at Aberdeen allows you to cover core disciplines and allows you to specialise in specific areas of interest. You can convert from a range of science and engineering degrees which are especially relevant though you can apply with demonstrable competency to study at postgraduate level from any degree discipline.
There are many employment options with an environmental science degree which can include regulating the environment across industry areas at government and local level. At Aberdeen you can choose to specialise in Hydrocarbon Risk Assessments which are very relevant to the city's oil and gas industry and air pollution generally worldwide, you can study ecology and management plans in relation to development, catchment management in relation to waterways and you can look at how we protect soils and other essential resources related to the food chain and species protection.
You can work in policy, regulation, consultancy or private companies with social responsibility and regulatory concerns internationally. There is also opportunity to explore further research and new enterprise development, further specialisms within environmental sciences and regulatory areas over the course of your career.
The systematic approach of this MSc programme enables you to deal with all scales of the environment. Throughout your studies you will have various opportunities to participate in work outdoors and apply your classroom and field work knowledge to real life situations. You will also gain experience using a range of tools for biological, chemical and physical measurement as well as models and data handling methods. Most importantly, at Aberdeen you will be part of a community that will help improve your knowledge and awareness of environmental science.
Find out more detail by visiting the programme web page
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Find out more about fees on the programme page
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