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Masters Degrees (Legal Translation)

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According to the National Centre for Languages, demand for translators “is being driven by globalisation, migration and political changes … giving rise to difficulties securing the services of appropriately qualified translators”, and employers particularly expect translators to possess contextual, cultural and ethical knowledge and understanding of their field. Read more
According to the National Centre for Languages, demand for translators “is being driven by globalisation, migration and political changes … giving rise to difficulties securing the services of appropriately qualified translators”, and employers particularly expect translators to possess contextual, cultural and ethical knowledge and understanding of their field.

Our new translation courses has been designed to provide students with the opportunity to gain an insight into the needs of a professional translator in a globalised world where businesses, institutions and governmental organisations require more translation work. Our two courses, “Audiovisual and Literary Translation” and “Business and Legal Translation”, cover fields of translation that are particularly in demand, opening up increased career opportunities and providing students with the competencies and skills to maximise their employability.

We work closely with the Institute of Linguists and are the only programme in London which offers specialised business or law modules alongside their translation modules. During the course students will gain valuable insights from professionals and academics in relevant areas and will have access to specialist facilities and equipment (labs and relevant software, such as SDL Trados and WinCAPS).

Students will have the opportunity to participate in an Erasmus exchange after they have completed taught modules at Middlesex, and research and write up their dissertation in the translation departments of prestigious partner universities in Alicante, Geneva, Heidelberg, Innsbruck, Leipzig, Paris, Vienna or Warsaw.

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This internationally recognised programme has been preparing students to work in the Language Service Industry for nearly 30 years. Read more
This internationally recognised programme has been preparing students to work in the Language Service Industry for nearly 30 years.

Our commitment to the highest standards of excellence in the profession is reflected in our accreditation and membership of the European Masters in Translation (EMT) network.

PROGRAMME OVERVIEW

This programme is designed to suit current market demands. You will practise specialised translation in language-specific groups and have opportunities to simulate real-life translation scenarios.

The domains covered include economic, business, legal, scientific and technical translation. Our strong emphasis on translation technologies will allow you to work with computer-assisted translation software and state-of-the-art corpus tools and resources.

Equally important, the programme highlights the business requirements of the industry so that you acquire the necessary project management and entrepreneurial skills to work as a professional language service provider.

Furthermore, our EMT membership gives you priority access to traineeships at the EU Directorate-General for Translation.

PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

The MA Translation is studied over one year (full-time mode) or two years (part-time mode). On successful completion of the programme, you will be awarded a Master’s degree in Translation accredited by the European Masters of Translation.

Language-specific options are paired with English. If you are a native speaker of English, you can take up to two Specialist Translation options. If you are not a native speaker of English, you will normally take one Specialist Translation option (your mother tongue paired with English).

You can also choose one ab initio language if you wish to expand your portfolio of translation languages. Options ending in ‘I’ in semester 1 must be taken in conjunction with modules ending in ‘II’ in semester 2.

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

In addition to enjoying regular contact with professional translators in your practice-based modules, you will benefit from course components that specifically address the business and wider industry aspects of the profession.

Further insights into the industry will be provided by the speakers we invite to our Translation Studies seminars series.

These include professional translators, interpreters, subtitlers and audio describers; professionals working in public services, companies and international organisations; representatives of professional translator/interpreter associations as well as translation/interpreting researchers.

In line with our aim to offer professionally relevant programmes, we have forged close links with the main professional bodies, i.e. the Institute of Translation and Interpreting and the Chartered Institute of Linguists, as well as with many professional language service providers, and we have an extensive network of visiting professionals.

In addition The Centre for Translation Studies has been granted free access to Memsource software to help further student's education.

CAREER DEVELOPMENTS

Thanks to our emphasis on professional development, our students are well-equipped to begin work as freelancers or as language service providers at international organisations, government bodies, universities and private companies.

We also regularly have students who decide to stay on to study for a PhD and pursue an academic career in Translation Studies.

WHAT MAKES THE PROGRAMME SPECIAL?

The MA programme is tailored to suit current market demands. You will practise specialised translation in language-specific groups, with a focus on professional standards and opportunities to simulate real-life translation scenarios.

The domains covered include economic, business, legal, scientific and technical translation. Our strong emphasis on the use of translation technologies will allow you to work hands-on with computer-assisted translation software and state-of- the-art corpus tools and resources.

The programme also emphasises the business requirements of the industry, providing you with an opportunity to acquire necessary project management and entrepreneurial skills, and knowledge to work as a professional language service provider.

EDUCATIONAL AIMS OF THE PROGRAMME

The programme combines the study of the major principles of, and scholarly approaches to, translation with opportunities for application and practice – with the aim of enabling students to:
-Perform relevant translation tasks in different contexts
-Reflect on their own practice, using scholarly and professional writing on relevant aspects of translation, transfer the acquired skills and knowledge to novel and unpredictable situations of translation
-Develop a broad understanding of current and future challenges of translation in different contexts
-Apply scholarly approaches to critically evaluate professional practice in the light of current and future requirements
-Have the capacity for carrying out independent research in an area of translation

PROGRAMME LEARNING OUTCOMES

The programme provides opportunities for students to develop and demonstrate knowledge and understanding, skills, qualities and other attributes in the following areas:

Knowledge and understanding
-A thorough understanding of issues relevant to translation as a discipline and as a practice/industry
-A thorough understanding of different aspects of translation as a profession, in particular with respect to principles of good practice, efficiency and professional standards, translation quality and resourcing
-Comprehensive knowledge of the strategies involved in good translation practice, i.e. audience identification, translating for a specific purpose
-A thorough understanding of overarching issues in the translation industry, such as the impact of technology and the need for adaptability in the context of different markets
-A thorough understanding of translation in the context of various settings (such as translating in a company compared to translating for a company), and their changing external/social environment

Intellectual/cognitive skills
-Identify theories of translation and be able to show insight into own practice
-Reflect upon the knowledge gained and incorporate this into independent learning and professional development strategies
-Critically appreciate the different frames for analysing text types, genres and other translation-related requirements and apply this to the research work required for the writing of the MA dissertation
-Formulate and address research questions relating to the field of study
-Conduct conceptual and topic-based research related to specific tasks

Professional practical skills
-Apply good principles of practice in the translation, complying with instructions and deadlines, mastering techniques and strategies for proofreading and revision, and knowing how to establish and monitor quality standards
-Gauge and acquire an appropriate understanding of specialised and non-specialised translation, knowing how to search for appropriate information to gain a better grasp of the thematic aspects of a document and develop knowledge in specialist fields
-Create translations appropriate to clients’ requests, knowing how to justify translation choices and decisions
-Produce a register appropriate to a given situation for a particular document, recognising function and meaning in social, geographical, historical, stylistic variants
-Identify issues in computer-assisted translation and terminology and have practical skills in these, including how to use translation technologies effectively to assist in correction, translation, terminology, layout and documentary research
-Work independently on extended pieces of work in a sustained way, with or without guidance, and have further improved research skills
-Apply evaluation skills for translation purposes

Key/transferable skills
-Display competence in a range of skills at postgraduate level, including advanced analysis and synthesis of arguments, presentation, conducting independent research, and the speedy and efficient processing of complex information
-Work both independently and with others in order to achieve common goals, knowing how to comply with instructions, deadlines, commitments, interpersonal competences, and teamwork
-Manage learning self-critically, knowing how to self-evaluate (questioning one's habits and being open to innovations)
-Organise and manage a research project of significant complexity, knowing how to plan and manage one's time and stress

GLOBAL OPPORTUNITIES

We often give our students the opportunity to acquire international experience during their degrees by taking advantage of our exchange agreements with overseas universities.

In addition to the hugely enjoyable and satisfying experience, time spent abroad adds a distinctive element to your CV.

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The Specialised Translation MA is open to native and non-native speakers of English, who combine English with any of the following languages. Read more
The Specialised Translation MA is open to native and non-native speakers of English, who combine English with any of the following languages: Arabic, French, German, Italian, Polish or Spanish. If you are a native speaker of English, you can elect to study translation with one or two of the above source languages. If you are a non-native speaker of English, you will study translation both from English into your first language and from your first language into English.

The Specialised Translation MA will prepare you for a career in the translation market. Building on your existing language skills, you will learn how to research specialised subjects to produce commercially usable translations of specialised technical and institutional texts, applying insights drawn from the study of linguistics and translation theory as well as from professional practice. You will complete a Translation Project or a Research Thesis. You will also be able to choose from a range of option modules that will, for example, give you an introduction to editing and revision, audiovisual translation, or computer-assisted translation, or enable you to acquire a working knowledge of another language for translation purposes.

You will be able to benefit from our wide range of resources, including an extensive collection of volumes and electronic materials in our library, specialised software applications, and additional resources made available through the University's Virtual Learning Environment. Our teaching staff include full and part-time lecturers, all with professional expertise in translation and other specialist fields. You will be allocated a personal tutor and be given academic guidance by the course team.

Course content

The course emphasis is on practical training in translation, developing your skills to a high level and learning about the professional environment. If you are a native speaker of English, your core modules will involve translation from either one or two main source languages, chosen from Arabic, French, German, Italian, Polish and Spanish. If you are a native speaker of Arabic, French, German, Italian, Polish or Spanish, your core modules will cover translation from and into your native language (commonly referred to as your 'first' or 'main' language). All students will translate institutional texts (such as economic, political, legal and EU texts) and technical material, and learn new relevant skills through the option modules. You will also complete a research-based MA Thesis or an MA Translation Project (an extended translation with a preface and annotations).Your studies are further supported by blended learning provision on developing your professionalism, weekly lectures on the theoretical concepts and principles of translation, introductory workshops to a range of translation memory tools, and guest lectures and workshops delivered by external speakers from industry and international institutions.

Modules

The following modules are indicative of what you will study on this course.

Core modules
-MAIN LANGUAGE INSTITUTIONAL TRANSLATION (INTO YOUR FIRST LANGUAGE)
-MAIN LANGUAGE TECHNICAL TRANSLATION (INTO YOUR FIRST LANGUAGE)
-SECOND LANGUAGE INSTITUTIONAL TRANSLATION AND SECOND LANGUAGE TECHNICAL TRANSLATION (NATIVE SPEAKERS FOR ARABIC, FRENCH, GERMAN, ITALIAN, POLISH, OR SPANISH ONLY)
-TRANSLATION PROJECT OR THESIS

Option modules
-ANALYSING SPOKEN AND WRITTEN DISCOURSE
-COMPUTER-ASSISTED TRANSLATION (CAT)*
-EDITING: PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICE
-INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION
-INTRODUCTION TO AUDIOVISUAL TRANSLATION
-INTRODUCTION TO TRANSLATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT
-SOCIOLINGUISTICS
-SUBSIDIARY LANGUAGE (LANGUAGES SUBJECT TO ANNUAL CONFIRMATION)
-TRANSLATING CULTURES
-INTERNATIONAL ORGANISATIONS AND INSTITUTIONAL DISCOURSE

Associated careers

Graduates of the Specialised Translation MA have gone on to work as in-house translators within industry, commerce, international organisations and translation companies, as freelance translators, as translation project managers, or as editors, revisers, proofreaders, terminologists, or specialists in translation tools.

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This exciting Chinese-English Translation MA programme develops an understanding of translation in a global context. You will explore how practical translation is informed by theory, develop your verbal and written communication skills and build your IT literacy to help you produce translation of the highest quality. Read more
This exciting Chinese-English Translation MA programme develops an understanding of translation in a global context. You will explore how practical translation is informed by theory, develop your verbal and written communication skills and build your IT literacy to help you produce translation of the highest quality.

Overseas students will come to the UK not only to learn advanced translation skills from and into Chinese, but also to develop their English language skills and their knowledge of UK culture first-hand. The course is also open to students for whom English is a native language as long as their command of Chinese is at a high level.

The MA in Chinese-English Translation will enable you to develop the skills in translation, interpreting, analytical thinking, research and collaboration that are essential to today's workplace and which will equip you to facilitate communication between cultures.

The School of Modern Languages has an established record in translator training and excellent industry links. Its translation staff include practising professional translators and translation researchers. We are a corporate member of the Institute of Translation and Interpreting and an institutional member of the American Translators’ Association (ATA). We are on the ATA’s list of approved providers of translator training.

Programme Structure

Semester One
During the first semester, all students will participate in weekly workshop­-style classes in the Applied Translation unit taught by experienced professional translators. By grappling with a variety of different texts, participating in class discussions and receiving personal feedback from tutors, students will build the key skills necessary to grow and develop their translation ability.

The Theories of Translation unit is a lecture-based course that gives an opportunity for advanced reflection on the modes and purposes of translation within the translator’s social and cultural context, while also equipping students with the theoretical tools and approaches necessary for practical translation and further research.

Units in English for Translators and in Academic English build an awareness of how language works and help to hone English skills for professional purposes. Students whose native language is English may substitute these units for another.

Semester Two
During the second semester, the two main core units for all students are a 15,000 word dissertation and an Introduction to Specialised Translation. The dissertation takes the form of either an extended translation plus commentary, or a research-­based dissertation. The supervision process gives students time to formulate their ideas and plan their approach, as for many this will be the most substantial piece of extended writing they have undertaken.

The Introduction to Specialised Translation unit adopts a similar approach to Applied Translation, but focuses on key specialist areas that are in demand in the translation industry. Specialist topics can vary but may include literary, legal, scientific, medical and translation for technology.

In addition to the two core units above, students are also given the opportunity to select from a variety of optional units.

Careers

The MA in Chinese-­English Translation provides a foundation for students looking to enter or develop their careers in translation project management, freelance translation or as in-­house translators and interpreters in international corporate and government institutions.

The skills developed through this degree are transferable to a variety of related careers, such as international relations, PR, marketing and business. In addition, the research and theoretical components of this programme provide an excellent entry point to the field of Translation Studies for anyone aiming to pursue a PhD in the UK or abroad.

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The MA in Translation Studies offers knowledge and expertise for students wishing to pursue a career as professional translators in the public and private sectors, or wishing to pursue further study in translation. Read more
The MA in Translation Studies offers knowledge and expertise for students wishing to pursue a career as professional translators in the public and private sectors, or wishing to pursue further study in translation. Training in translation also prepares you for careers in other language-related professions including journalism, public relations and language teaching.

Specifically, the programme aims to:

Facilitate a full understanding of the development of the discipline of translation studies and of the translation industry, and allow the pursuit of specialist or vocational interests within a general framework common to all students on the programme.
Acquaint you with the main theoretical issues in translation studies, and demonstrate how they have a bearing on your specialist area of study, be that the practical translation of literary, legal, medical or administrative texts, or the academic study of translation e.g. its theory and history, or the complex, cultural transactions it involves.
Develop a clear awareness of the problems of understanding and interpretation raised by the practice of translation through analysis of key texts in translation studies.
Promote the development of analytical, practical, evaluative, aesthetic and expository skills that will serve to address these problems in both applied and theoretical contexts.
Encourage the development of research skills specifically related to the your specialist area of interest in order, as appropriate, to prepare the theoretical and methodological groundwork for a dissertation or for an annotated translation project.
Foster skills in the balanced interpretation of the cultural and linguistic contexts for the practice of translation, in order to enable a solid grasp of the practical implications of political and cultural arguments in the context of translation studies.
Explore and promote the development of effective strategies for managing complex linguistic and cultural transactions.
Distinctive features

You will have opportunities to work with academic staff, professional translators and employers. You can work between any language pairing on a programme designed to comply with the European Master’s in Translation guidelines produced by the European Commission’s Directorate General for Translation.

Our curriculum is designed to offer training in translation that is normally applicable to any source and target-language pairing. You will also have the opportunity to carry out work placements, honing your practical skills and gaining valuable experience.

The programme is aimed at students wishing to pursue a career as professional translators in both public and private sectors as well as in international institutions (such as the European Community and the United Nations) or those who are interested in translation as a basis to pursue a PhD in such disciplines as translation studies, comparative literature, cultural studies or history.

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The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. Read more
The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. There are a number of specialist programmes enabling you to study a set of related units that, together, provide a more in-depth knowledge and understanding of those themes. Alternatively, you can opt for a broader and more general set of unit choices. In all cases, you are encouraged to explore at a deeper level your chosen areas of law and to see how those legal fields operate in different contexts, considering the relevant issues theoretically and practically and from a range of perspectives.

We offer an exciting and stimulating set of degree programmes, each of which prepares you for many different possible careers. If you have an interest in studying law at a level beyond your undergraduate degree and are seeking to enhance your analytical, research and legal writing skills, you will find Bristol’s LLM to be a challenging and rewarding experience.

We have a large and vibrant international community and University of Bristol LLM students benefit from small class sizes taught by world-leading experts.

This programme offers a range of units which give you the opportunity to study the internal workings of the European Union and the ever-increasing penetration of Community law into the national legal orders of the member states.

Programme structure

Part one - You may study four units from the following list, or three units from the following list with a further unit chosen from any of the other LLM programmes, or two units from the following and two from the LLM in International Law. Assessment is by examination and/or essay.
-Competition Law of the EU
-Constitutional and Substantive Law of the EU
-Environmental Law
-European Contract Law
-EU Trade Law
-European Human Rights Law
-International Commercial Litigation
-Legal Perspectives on Sustainability
-Migration Law and Policy - International, European and Human Rights Dimensions
-Migration and Work
-Public Contract Law
-The Law and Policy of Mergers and Acquistions

Please view our programme catalogue (http://www.bristol.ac.uk/unit-programme-catalogue/RouteStructureCohort.jsa?byCohort=Y&selectedCatalogue=PROGRAMME&orgCode=LAWD&ayrCode=17%2F18&programmeCode=9LAWD008T) for further information on the course structure and units available. Please note that unit choices are subject to change depending on staff availability.

Part two - In the spring term, you will choose a dissertation topic within the field of European Legal Studies for approval by the Law School. After passing part one of the programme, you start work on your dissertation for submission by September. You must pass both parts to obtain an LLM and may not proceed to part two until you have passed part one.

Careers

This programme will provide graduates with a good grounding for working in a European institution or in a legal career requiring specialised knowledge of European law.

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The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. Read more
The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. There are a number of specialist programmes enabling you to study a set of related units that, together, provide a more in-depth knowledge and understanding of those themes. Alternatively, you can opt for a broader and more general set of unit choices. In all cases, you are encouraged to explore at a deeper level your chosen areas of law and to see how those legal fields operate in different contexts, considering the relevant issues theoretically and practically and from a range of perspectives.

We offer an exciting and stimulating set of degree programmes, each of which prepares you for many different possible careers. If you have an interest in studying law at a level beyond your undergraduate degree and are seeking to enhance your analytical, research and legal writing skills, you will find Bristol’s LLM to be a challenging and rewarding experience.

We have a large and vibrant international community and University of Bristol LLM students benefit from small class sizes taught by world-leading experts.

This programme offers one of the widest choices of units available in any UK postgraduate law programme. Students may choose from any of the units that are offered within the specialist LLM programmes. Certain units may, however, require prior or contemporaneous study of some other unit(s).

Programme structure

Part one - You will study four units from any of the specialist LLM programmes, for example:
-Banking Law
-Company Law
-Corporate Governance in the UK and US
-Environmental Law
-European Human Rights Law
-General Principles of International Law
-Global Perspectives on Corporate Governance
-Individual Employment Rights
-Information Technology Law
-Intellectual Property
-International Commercial Arbitration
-International Commercial Litigation
-International Corporate Finance
-International Law and Human Rights
-International Law and the Use of Force
-International Law of Trade and Aid
-Legal Perspectives on Sustainability
-Maritime Security
-Migration and Work
-Migration Law and Policy
-World Trade Law

If you are from a non-common law background, you may choose one of the following core units:
-Constitutional and Substantive Law of the EU
-Criminal Law and Criminal Justice
-Land Law
-Law of Contract
-Law of Personal Property and Trusts
-Law of Tort
-Public Law

Taught units are assessed by examination and/or essay. Please view our programme catalogue for further information on the course structure and units available. Please note that unit choices are subject to change depending on staff availability.

Part two - In the spring term, you will choose a dissertation topic within the field of your LLM programme for approval by the Law School. After passing part one, you start work on your dissertation for submission by September. You must pass both parts to obtain an LLM and may not proceed to part two until you have passed part one.

Careers

The programme gives you the chance to explore a broad range of legal areas and opens doors to a variety of legal and other careers within the UK and in the rest of the world.

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This course is ideal both for prospective professional translators and for those wishing to go on to further academic study, and it is internationally well respected for both of those purposes. Read more
This course is ideal both for prospective professional translators and for those wishing to go on to further academic study, and it is internationally well respected for both of those purposes. The course is designed for both native speakers of Arabic, and speakers of English who have near-native competence in Arabic.

The MA lasts for twelve months and it combines training in English to Arabic and Arabic to English translation with a special consideration of the theoretical issues involved in the process of translation. The MA modules are mainly taught in the Department of Arabic. Translation Theory and Research Skills for Translation Studies are offered by the School of Modern Languages and Cultures (MLAC).

Course structure

The MA involves a combination of core modules, which are taken by all students, plus a number of optional modules, where students have a choice. The course structure of the MA is as follows:

Core modules: obligatory for all students
In 2015, core modules included:
-Research Skills for Translation Studies (15 UCUs)
-Translation Theory (30 UCUs)
-Translation Practical Arabic>English, English>Arabic (30 UCUs)
-Dissertation (60 UCUs)

Optional modules 1
Students choose one module. In 2015, modules included:
-History of Translation (15 credits)
-Intercultural Project Management (15 credits)
-Revising and Editing for Translators (15 credits)
-Sociology of Translation (15 credits)
-Translation Ethics (15 credits)

Optional modules 2
Students choose two modules. In 2015, modules included:
-Business and Technical Translation, Arabic>English, English>Arabic (15 UCUs)
-Legal Translation, Arabic>English, English>Arabic (15 UCUs)
-Interpreting, Arabic>English, English>Arabic (15 UCUs)

Learning and Teaching

The main emphasis of this programme is on the development of translation and interpreting skills, which are reinforced by the provision of a general introduction to translation theory, as well as to more general academic, research and bibliographical techniques. Students attend on average six hours of translation and/or interpreting classes per week during the first two terms of the year. These classes, which are spread over three separate modules, are held in small groups, and alternate between Arabic>English and English>Arabic work. The classes are prepared for by independent learning in the form of preparation and reading (131 hours per module). The structure of the classes allows for extensive student participation, and for the provision of timely feedback on students’ home assignments in an interactive environment.

The practical orientation of these classes is supplemented and reinforced by the Translation Theory module, taught on a School-wide basis, which typically involves an average of one hour’s attendance per week at either a lecture or a seminar. This should be supported by 282 hours of preparation and reading.

In addition, students receive instruction in general academic, presentational and bibliographical skills through participation in the School-based Research Skills module. Research Skills for Translation Studies provides interactive lectures on research skills and training sessions on the use of library and other resources over the course of the first two terms and, in the early part of the programme, a series of user-focused workshops in which students work intensively to consolidate their knowledge of selected translation technologies.

Over the final few months of the programme, students are able to apply the skills and theory learned over the year to a larger project (either a dissertation or an extended, annotated translation) in a more independent way. Each student is allocated a supervisor, who provides up to five hours of supervision / consultation on an individual basis. This exercise enables the student to apply the results of their studies during the year to a text or topic of particular interest to themselves (595 hours of independent study).

In addition to the formal provision detailed above, all students have access to the MA Course Director and to other members of the teaching staff during weekly office hours. Feedback on formative course assignments may also be provided to students on an individual basis outside these hours. Outside their particular programme, all students are also strongly encouraged to participate in other activities of the School and Department (for example research seminars) as appropriate.

Other admission details

We welcome applications from holders of international qualifications. For advice on the equivalency of international qualifications and further information on English language requirements, please contact our International Office or visit their website. We will require two academic letters of reference. If these are not uploaded with your application, we will contact your referees directly. It would be useful if you could inform your referees to let them know that they will be approached for references by Durham University.

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According to the National Centre for Languages, demand for translators “is being driven by globalisation, migration and political changes … giving rise to difficulties securing the services of appropriately qualified translators”, and employers particularly expect translators to possess contextual, cultural and ethical knowledge and understanding of their field. Read more
According to the National Centre for Languages, demand for translators “is being driven by globalisation, migration and political changes … giving rise to difficulties securing the services of appropriately qualified translators”, and employers particularly expect translators to possess contextual, cultural and ethical knowledge and understanding of their field.

Our new translation courses has been designed to provide students with the opportunity to gain an insight into the needs of a professional translator in a globalised world where businesses, institutions and governmental organisations require more translation work. Our two courses, “Audiovisual and Literary Translation” and “Business and Legal Translation”, cover fields of translation that are particularly in demand, opening up increased career opportunities and providing students with the competencies and skills to maximise their employability.

We work closely with the Institute of Linguists and are the only programme in London which offers specialised business or law modules alongside their translation modules. During the course students will gain valuable insights from professionals and academics in relevant areas and will have access to specialist facilities and equipment (labs and relevant software, such as SDL Trados and WinCAPS).

Students will have the opportunity to participate in an Erasmus exchange after they have completed taught modules at Middlesex, and research and write up their dissertation in the translation departments of prestigious partner universities in Alicante, Geneva, Heidelberg, Innsbruck, Leipzig, Paris, Vienna or Warsaw.

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Take advantage of one of our 100 Master’s Scholarships to study Professional Translation at Swansea University, the Times Good University Guide’s Welsh University of the Year 2017. Read more
Take advantage of one of our 100 Master’s Scholarships to study Professional Translation at Swansea University, the Times Good University Guide’s Welsh University of the Year 2017. Postgraduate loans are also available to English and Welsh domiciled students. For more information on fees and funding please visit our website.

The MA in Professional Translation is an integrated programme designed to turn entrants with proven excellence in foreign languages into successful and marketable professional linguists.

Key Features of MA in Professional Translation

Core skills:

- Advanced Translation in 1 or 2 language pairs
- European-recognised training in Computer-Assisted Translation (CAT) tools

Specialisation options:

Interpreting, further technologies, terminology, multimedia, new/intermediate language.

Part 2 options include internship and year abroad.

Language pairs (subject to demand):

- From English into: Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), French, German, Italian, Spanish, Welsh
- Into English from: French, German, Italian, Spanish, Welsh

Modules

Modules on the MA in Professional Translation typically include:

Foundations of Translation and Interpreting
Advanced Translation
Translation Tools
Translation Technologies
Translation Work Experience for MA Students
Terminology Management
Beginners' Language
Intermediate Language
Extended Translations
Translation/Interpreting Internship

Part One – F/t: six 20-credit (10 ECTS) modules in two semesters (p/t in four):

Compulsory: Foundations of Translation and Interpreting, CAT Tools, Advanced Translation (pair 1).
Optional: Advanced Translation (pair 2), History and Theory of Translation, Interpreting, Translation Technologies, Subtitling/dubbing/audio description, Terminology, Simulated Translation Company, Digital publishing. Study a new language (French, German, Italian, Mandarin or Spanish), or post A-Level language (French, German, or Spanish).

Part Two – Two elements totalling 120 credits (60 ECTS), taken in either order:

1: A choice of individual project of 60 credits (30 ECTS) (can be done over the summer):

- Two Extended Translations with commentary;
- Dissertation (15,000-20,000 words);
- Internship (13 weeks full time, part time pro rata).

2: 60 further credits (30 ECTS) of Part 1 modules, or a second project.

Unique Part 2 alternative: METS year abroad. Students take 50 credits (25 ECTS) at two partner translation schools, with a 20 credit (10 ECTS) report for Swansea, leading to a double award: Swansea MA plus METS Diploma.

Student Quote

‘After the internship that I completed through my European Master's in Translation with Language Technology [the original title of the extended MAPT] at a small translation company in Swansea, I took on a sales position with them. After three months as a sales executive, a project management role opened up in the company and I took it. As this role was in the certified translation department, I was able to build on the legal translation knowledge I had gained through my European Master's in TLT. My role involved completing some small translations in-house when time permitted and also reviewing the work of freelance translators and interns. I was also able to complete freelance translation work. After eighteen months, I moved to SDL to start an in-house translation role.

The MA programme in Professional Translation gave me a solid basis from which to develop my translation career. I still refer back to notes I made during my degree, particularly from the advanced translation and language technology module. Breaking into the translation industry can be difficult but I feel that I had an advantage over graduates from other universities in that I had completed the translation work experience module, extended translation projects and an internship as part of my European Master's in TLT. Having a focus on CAT tools was useful as I was able to practice applying the skills I had learnt in the language technology module in different translation situations. My knowledge of CAT tools was valuable to the operations management team during my project management role and it is now vital for me as a translator at SDL International. I would recommend this course to anyone looking to enter the translation industry."

Jennifer Green, Professional Translation, MA

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Take advantage of one of our 100 Master’s Scholarships to study Translation and Interpreting at Swansea University, the Times Good University Guide’s Welsh University of the Year 2017. Read more
Take advantage of one of our 100 Master’s Scholarships to study Translation and Interpreting at Swansea University, the Times Good University Guide’s Welsh University of the Year 2017. Postgraduate loans are also available to English and Welsh domiciled students. For more information on fees and funding please visit our website.

The MA in Translation and Interpreting is a specialised variant, emphasising interpreting skills, of our established MA in Professional Translation.

Key Features of MA Translation and Interpreting (Extended)

Core skills:

- Advanced Translation in 1 or 2 language pairs
- European-recognised training in Computer-Assisted Translation (CAT) tools
- Public Service Interpreting (Local Government, Health, Police and Court).

Specialisation options: Further technologies, terminology, multimedia, new/intermediate language.

Part 2 options include internship and year abroad.

- Language pairs (subject to demand): From English into: Arabic, Chinese (Mandarin), French, German, Italian, Polish, Spanish, Welsh.
- Into English from: French, German, Italian, Spanish, Welsh.

Translation and Interpreting (Extended) Course Structure

Part One of Translation and Interpreting – F/t: six 20-credit (10 ECTS) modules in two semesters (p/t in four):

Compulsory: Foundations of Translation and Interpreting, CAT Tools, Advanced Translation (pair 1), Interpreting (1).
Optional: Advanced Translation (pair 2), Interpreting (2), History and Theory of Translation, Translation Technologies, Subtitling/dubbing/audio description, Terminology, Simulated Translation Company, Digital publishing. Study a new language (French, German, Italian, Mandarin or Spanish), or post A-Level language (French, German, or Spanish).

Part Two of Translation and Interpreting – Two elements totalling 120 credits (60 ECTS), taken in either order:

1: A choice of individual project of 60 credits (30 ECTS) (can be done over the summer):

- Two Extended Translations with commentary;
- Dissertation (15,000-20,000 words);
- Internship (13 weeks full time, part time pro rata).

2: 60 further credits (30 ECTS) of Part 1 modules, or a second project.

Unique Part 2 alternative: METS year abroad. Students take 50 credits (25 ECTS) at two partner translation schools, with a 20 credit (10 ECTS) report for Swansea, leading to a double award: Swansea MA plus METS Diploma.

Modules

Modules on the MA in Translation and Interpreting include:

Foundations of Translation and Interpreting
Advanced Translation
Translation Tools
Public Service Interpreting (Local Government Option)
Public Service Interpreting (Health Option)
Public Service Interpreting (Law Option: Police and Introduction to Court Interpreting)
Interpreting- Business Option (Spanish and Madarin only)
Translation Technologies
Translation Work Experience for MA Students
Terminology Management
Beginners' Language
Intermediate Language
Extended Translations
Translation/Interpreting Internship

Student Quote

"After the internship that I completed through my European Master's in Translation with Language Technology [the original title of the extended MAPT] at a small translation company in Swansea, I took on a sales position with them. After three months as a sales executive, a project management role opened up in the company and I took it. As this role was in the certified translation department, I was able to build on the legal translation knowledge I had gained through my European Master's in TLT. My role involved completing some small translations in-house when time permitted and also reviewing the work of freelance translators and interns. I was also able to complete freelance translation work. After eighteen months, I moved to SDL to start an in-house translation role.

The MA programme gave me a solid basis from which to develop my translation career. I still refer back to notes I made during my degree, particularly from the advanced translation and language technology module. Breaking into the translation industry can be difficult but I feel that I had an advantage over graduates from other universities in that I had completed the translation work experience module, extended translation projects and an internship as part of my European Master's in TLT. Having a focus on CAT tools was useful as I was able to practice applying the skills I had learnt in the language technology module in different translation situations. My knowledge of CAT tools was valuable to the operations management team during my project management role and it is now vital for me as a translator at SDL International. I would recommend this course to anyone looking to enter the translation industry."

Jennifer Green

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The master’s in Professional English translation seeks to train translation professionals capable of adapting to market needs, meeting clients expectations and successfully managing their own activity. Read more
The master’s in Professional English translation seeks to train translation professionals capable of adapting to market needs, meeting clients expectations and successfully managing their own activity. For that purpose, students are offered a range of subjects aimed at developing translation skills related to business management and translation technologies. A number of optional subjects on different types of bi-directional English-Spanish specialised translation are offered, including technical translation, legal translation and literary translation.

Student Profile

This maste’rs degree is aimed at graduate students in English and/or Spanish philology. Furthermore, translators and writers who work with both English and Spanish languages, as well as, scholars, teachers and, in general, any university graduate who wants to specialize in this field.

Career Opportunities

Graduates in University Master's Degree in Professional Translation: English-Spanish are capable of working in:
-Publishing houses
-Freelance translation
-Translation agencies
-Language services

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This is the only programme in the UK that will help you acquire advanced interpreting skills to work confidently in all modes of interpreting (consecutive, simultaneous, dialogue and telephone/video-mediated), and in a variety of contexts. Read more
This is the only programme in the UK that will help you acquire advanced interpreting skills to work confidently in all modes of interpreting (consecutive, simultaneous, dialogue and telephone/video-mediated), and in a variety of contexts.

We are the first university to teach remote interpreting based on research in this area.

PROGRAMME OVERVIEW

The MA in Interpreting programme is offered in two pathways: a multilingual and a Chinese pathway. Experienced interpreters and academics will guide you through the main principles, specific techniques and professional requirements of interpreting.

Learning is conducted via a combination of regular language pair-specific practice, multilingual simulations of real-life interpreting scenarios and background lectures.

Our state-of-the-art facilities enable you to practise each interpreting mode in the most realistic environment possible.

You will have access to three conference suites equipped with ISO approved double interpreting booths, a portable interpreting system for training in mobile interpreting (used for museum or factory tours) and a two-way and multipoint videoconferencing system to simulate remote interpreting.

PROGRAMME STRUCTURE

The MA Interpreting is studied over one year (full-time mode) only.

Language-specific options are paired with English. If you are a native speaker of English, you can take up to two Consecutive and Dialogue Interpreting options (in another language). If you are not a native speaker of English, you will normally take one Consecutive and Dialogue Interpreting option (your mother tongue paired with English).

You can also choose one ab initio language if you wish to expand your portfolio of translation languages.

The following modules are indicative, reflecting the information available at the time of publication. Please note that not all modules described are compulsory and may be subject to teaching availability and/or student demand.

WHAT MAKES THE PROGRAMME SPECIAL?

This highly specialised programme fills a gap in academic interpreter training throughout the UK by preparing you to work confidently in all modes of interpreting (including consecutive, simultaneous, dialogue and telephone/video-mediated interpreting), and in a wide variety of established and emerging contexts (including institutional, business, political/diplomatic, public service interpreting) and settings (including traditional onsite interpreting and novel settings of remote interpreting).

This will maximise your flexibility and career opportunities after graduation and will enable you to launch an exciting career as a well-rounded and flexible interpreting professional.

Learning from experienced interpreters and academics in a supportive environment, you will join a programme which covers the main principles, specific techniques and professional requirements of interpreting through a combination of regular language pair-specific practice, multilingual simulations of real-life interpreting scenarios and background lectures.

In the interpreting practice modules you will gain invaluable experience of real working conditions and opportunities for experiential learning and reflective analysis.Our simulations are joined by professionals from a variety of fields who participate as live guest speakers on a case-by- case basis.

The practice-based components of the programme are complemented by background lectures which will help you to understand the major principles of interpreting and provide you with a conceptual and methodological framework for analysing, discussing and justifying interpreting-related decisions.

State-of- the-art facilities are in place to enable you to practise each interpreting mode in the most realistic environment possible. You will have access to three conference suites equipped with ISO approved double interpreting booths to practise simultaneous interpreting according to professional standards.

A portable interpreting system allows for training in mobile interpreting, for instance simulating the tour of a museum, factory or plant.

Our facilities also include a two-way and multipoint videoconferencing system that makes it possible to simulate remote interpreting, with clients and interpreters interacting via video link.

The programme pays particular attention to the emerging forms of distance interpreting, which are an increasingly important feature in the professional landscape. We are the first university to teach remote and mobile interpreting based on research findings in this area.

PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

In addition to enjoying regular contact with professional interpreters in your practice-based modules, throughout the academic year you will benefit from course components that specifically address the business and industry aspects of the profession.

Insights into the industry will, for example, be provided by external guest speakers we invite to our Translation Studies seminars.

These include professional translators, interpreters, subtitlers and audio describers; professionals working in public services, companies and international organisations; representatives of professional translator/interpreter associations as well as translation/interpreting researcher.

Graduation from the MA Interpreting will enable you to apply for membership of the National Register of Public Service Interpreters (NRPSI).

In line with our aim to offer professionally relevant programmes, we have forged close links with the main professional bodies: the Institute of Translation and Interpreting (ITI) and the Chartered Institute of Linguists (CIoL). You can join these bodies as a student member during the course and then become a full member after graduation.

In addition, we work closely with many language service providers and are a member of the European Language Industry Association (ELIA), which gives you the possibility to apply for a work placement with its various translation and interpreting companies that are members of ELIA.

CAREER PROSPECTS

Thanks to our continued emphasis on professional development, you will be well-equipped to begin work as freelancer or in-house interpreter at international organisations, government bodies, universities and private companies.

We also regularly have students who decide to stay on to study for a PhD and pursue an academic career in Translation and Interpreting Studies.

EDUCATIONAL AIMS OF THE PROGRAMME

This MA programme prepares graduates to work as interpreters at the highest levels of professional communication in a wide range of settings, including conference, dialogue and video-mediated ones.

Due to the requirements and complexities of interpreting in such contexts, the programme combines the study of the major principles of, and scholarly approaches to, Interpreting with opportunities for application and practice – with the aim of enabling students to:
-Perform relevant interpreting tasks in different contexts, including conference, business, legal and healthcare settings
-Reflect on their own practice, using scholarly and professional writing on relevant aspects of interpreting
-Transfer the acquired skills and knowledge to novel and unpredictable situations of interpreting

Furthermore, the need for interpreting is growing due to the impact of globalisation and migration, and the interpreting landscape is changing due to the impact of new technologies. In accordance with this, the programme will provide insights into recent developments and related research – with the aim of enabling the students to:
-Develop a broad understanding of current and future challenges of interpreting in different contexts
-Apply scholarly approaches to critically evaluate professional practice in the light of current and future requirements
-Instil in students the capacity for carrying out independent research in an area interpreting

PROGRAMME LEARNING OUTCOMES

The programme provides opportunities for students to develop and demonstrate knowledge and understanding, skills, qualities and other attributes in the following areas:

Knowledge and understanding
-A thorough understanding of the main principles that underpin interpreting
-Sound knowledge of how interpreting has developed in relation to general as well as more specific socio-political issues
-A thorough understanding of key concepts, structures, procedures in public and private bodies and sound knowledge of related professional terminology
-A thorough understanding of the components of the interpreting process and the role of the interpreter
Sound knowledge of relevant genres/registers of both working languages
-A thorough understanding of advanced interpreting strategies and of techniques for background research and preparation
-A thorough understanding of the different modes of interpreting and the ability to explain their use and specific challenges of interpreting in different settings/situations
-High awareness of all issues of professional interpreter conduct and ethics

Intellectual / cognitive skills
-Strategically retrieve information crucial for the communication situation at hand and efficiently relay messages in oral mode
-Conduct conceptual and terminological research related to specific tasks
-Critically evaluate scholarly and professional writing on a wide range of aspects pertaining to interpreting
-Formulate and address research questions relating to the field of study

Professional practical skills
-Work confidently in all modes of interpreting, including consecutive, simultaneous, dialogue and whispered interpretation and sight translation
-Use appropriate interpreting strategies and preparation techniques
-Deal with interpreting tasks confidently, displaying stamina and using problem solving techniques under conditions of time and cognitive pressure
-Present mediated messages orally in a clear and appropriate fashion
-Where relevant, manage and co-ordinate dialogic interaction
-Use communication technologies in interpreting confidently
-Function professionally in all situations
-Monitor engagement and impartiality in interpreting situations
-Apply evaluation skills for interpreting purposes
-Where relevant, combine interpreting and translation skills in a market where flexibility and a varied professional portfolio is an advantage

Key / transferable skills
-Transfer techniques of interpreting to novel and unplanned situations
-Acquire knowledge in specialised subject areas and associated terminology
-Prepare and deliver a sustained piece of work to a high professional standard
-Collaborate by working in small teams to achieve a common goal
-Reflect upon the knowledge gained and practice, and incorporate this into independent learning and professional development strategies
-Manage learning and knowledge acquisition effectively
-Use a range of skills developed at post-graduate level, including advanced analysis and synthesis of arguments and presentation
-Conduct a sustained piece of guided research

GLOBAL OPPORTUNITIES

We often give our students the opportunity to acquire international experience during their degrees by taking advantage of our exchange agreements with overseas universities.

In addition to the hugely enjoyable and satisfying experience, time spent abroad adds a distinctive element to your CV.

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The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. Read more
The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. There are a number of specialist programmes enabling you to study a set of related units that, together, provide a more in-depth knowledge and understanding of those themes. Alternatively, you can opt for a broader and more general set of unit choices. In all cases, you are encouraged to explore at a deeper level your chosen areas of law and to see how those legal fields operate in different contexts, considering the relevant issues theoretically and practically and from a range of perspectives.

We offer an exciting and stimulating set of degree programmes, each of which prepares you for many different possible careers. If you have an interest in studying law at a level beyond your undergraduate degree and are seeking to enhance your analytical, research and legal writing skills, you will find Bristol’s LLM to be a challenging and rewarding experience.

We have a large and vibrant international community and University of Bristol LLM students benefit from small class sizes taught by world-leading experts.

The Commercial Law programme offers you an opportunity to engage in intensive study of specialist commercial and industrial topics. You may wish to concentrate on European commercial issues, international trade or aspects of domestic commerce. It provides a solid foundation for anyone wishing to enter the legal professions, aspiring to a career in business and finance or planning to become an in-house lawyer.

Programme structure

Part one - You will choose four units to study, which will be assessed by examinations and/or essays. The selection of units can vary, but has included:
-Banking Law
-Carriage of Goods
-Company Law
-Competition Law of the EU
-Corporate Governance in the UK and US
-EU Trade Law
-European Contract Law
-Global Perspectives on Corporate Governance
-Individual Employment Rights
-Information Technology Law
-Insolvency Law
-Intellectual Property
-International Commercial Arbitration
-International Commercial Litigation
-International Corporate Finance
-International Law of Trade and Aid
-Law of E-Commerce
-Legal Perspectives on Sustainability
-Maritime Security
-Public Contract Law
-Regulation of Financial Markets and Institutions
-The Law and Policy of Mergers and Acquisitions
-World Trade Law

Please view our programme catalogue (http://www.bristol.ac.uk/unit-programme-catalogue/RouteStructure.jsa?byCohort=N&ayrCode=17%2F18&programmeCode=9LAWD007T) for further information on the course structure and units available.

Part two - In the spring term, you will choose a dissertation topic within the field of commercial law for approval by the Law School. After passing part one of the programme, you start work on your dissertation for submission by September. You must pass both parts to obtain an LLM and may not proceed to part two until you have passed part one.

Careers

There is a broad range of possibilities for those who successfully complete their Commercial Law LLM. It provides a solid foundation for any students wishing to enter the legal professions - in particular, to work in a commercial law firm or to embark on a career at the Commercial Bar. Alternatively, graduates might choose to work as in-house lawyers or with a variety of regulatory organisations.

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The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. Read more
The University of Bristol LLM offers a variety of possibilities to study law at an advanced level and the opportunity to specialise in particular areas. There are a number of specialist programmes enabling you to study a set of related units that, together, provide a more in-depth knowledge and understanding of those themes. Alternatively, you can opt for a broader and more general set of unit choices. In all cases, you are encouraged to explore at a deeper level your chosen areas of law and to see how those legal fields operate in different contexts, considering the relevant issues theoretically and practically and from a range of perspectives.

We offer an exciting and stimulating set of degree programmes, each of which prepares you for many different possible careers. If you have an interest in studying law at a level beyond your undergraduate degree and are seeking to enhance your analytical, research and legal writing skills, you will find Bristol’s LLM to be a challenging and rewarding experience.

We have a large and vibrant international community and University of Bristol LLM students benefit from small class sizes taught by world-leading experts.

The International Law LLM programme offers a range of units, suitable both for those with some previous knowledge and for those seeking an introduction to specific international law issues. The units are mainly in the field of public international law, although private international law issues can be explored through International Commercial Litigation, Arbitration or many of the other commercial law units.

Programme structure

Part one - You may study four units from the following list, or three units from the list and a further unit chosen from any of the other LLM programmes, or two units from the list and two from the LLM in European Legal Studies.
-General Principles of International Law
-International Commercial Arbitration
-International Commercial Litigation
-International Criminal Law
-International Law and the Use of Force
-International Law and Human Rights
-International Law of Labour and Welfare Rights
-International Law of the Sea
-International Law of Trade and Aid
-International Law and Use of Force
-Legal Perspectives on Sustainability
-Maritime Security
-Migration Law and Policy – International, European and Human Rights Dimensions
-World Trade Law

Assessment is by examination and/or essay. Please view our programme catalogue for further information on the course structure and units available. Please note that unit choices are subject to change depending on staff availability.

Part two - In the spring term, you will choose a dissertation topic within the field of international law for approval by the Law School. After passing part one, you start work on your dissertation for submission by September. You must pass both parts to obtain an LLM and may not proceed to part two until you have passed part one.

Careers

This programme provides students with a strong foundation for a broad range of careers that involve an international law perspective, such as international arbitration. Graduates go on to act as solicitors and barristers, as well as lawyers and researchers in international and European Organisations such as the United Nations or the European Commission. A number work for NGOs and other agencies. Some graduates go on to further study or to research in other universities.

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