• University of Surrey Featured Masters Courses
  • Jacobs University Bremen gGmbH Featured Masters Courses
  • University of Edinburgh Featured Masters Courses
  • University of Bristol Featured Masters Courses
  • University of Derby Online Learning Featured Masters Courses
  • Northumbria University Featured Masters Courses
  • Swansea University Featured Masters Courses
  • Aberystwyth University Featured Masters Courses
De Montfort University Featured Masters Courses
Vlerick Business School Featured Masters Courses
University College London Featured Masters Courses
Liverpool John Moores University Featured Masters Courses
University of Nottingham Featured Masters Courses
"power" AND "distribution…×
0 miles

Masters Degrees (Power Distribution)

We have 76 Masters Degrees (Power Distribution)

  • "power" AND "distribution" ×
  • clear all
Showing 1 to 15 of 76
Order by 
This course provides specialist knowledge in electrical power distribution at an advanced level. It meets the increasing demand for skilled Power Distribution Engineers in industry. Read more
This course provides specialist knowledge in electrical power distribution at an advanced level. It meets the increasing demand for skilled Power Distribution Engineers in industry. It provides professional career development with major input from industrial experts.

We offer full and part time courses in Power Distribution Engineering to support professional and career development. They are:
-Designed to meet the increasing demand for skilled Power Distribution Engineers
-Focused on application of knowledge
-Structured to allow flexibility for you and your employer
-Taught by industry-based module leaders giving invaluable practical experience and relevant industrial context

The majority of part time students are based in industry while completing the course, allowing you to share and learn from the experiences of your peers.

Delivery

The course is in modular form, mixing direct teaching with distance learning. Each module comprises two days of face-to-face teaching and three days of teaching delivered by distance learning. Assessment of each module is by written examination and module assignment.

Accreditation

The course is accredited by the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) and Engineering Council, and therefore provides a good foundation for professional registration.

Facilities

You will have access to a range of specialist facilities. Each research group in the school has dedicated equipment and laboratories.

Read less
Visit our website for more information on fees, scholarships, postgraduate loans and other funding options to study Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy at Swansea University - 'Welsh University of the Year 2017' (Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2017). Read more

Visit our website for more information on fees, scholarships, postgraduate loans and other funding options to study Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy at Swansea University - 'Welsh University of the Year 2017' (Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2017).

The Master's course in Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy places strong emphasis on state-of-the-art semiconductor devices and technologies, advanced power electronics and drives, and advanced power systems. The Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy course also covers conventional and renewable energy generation technologies. Exciting new developments such as wide band gap electronics, energy harvesting, solar cells and biofuels are discussed and recent developments in power electronics are highlighted.

Key Features of MSc in Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy

The College of Engineering has an international reputation for electrical and electronics research for energy and advanced semiconductor materials and devices.

Greenhouse gas emission and, consequently, global warming are threatening the global economy and world as we know it. A non-rational use of electrical energy largely contributes to these.

Sustainable energy generation and utilisation is a vital industry in today’s energy thirsty world. Energy generation and conversion, in the most efficient way possible, is the key to reducing carbon emissions. It is an essential element of novel energy power generation system and future transportation systems. The core of an energy conversion system is the power electronics converter which in one hand ensures the maximum power capture from any energy source and on another hand controls the power quality delivered to grid. Therefore the converter parameters such as efficiency, reliability and costs are directly affecting the performance of an energy system.

Transmission and distribution systems will encounter many challenges in the near future. Decentralisation of generation and storage systems has emerged as a promising solution. Consequently, in the near future, a power grid will no longer be a mono-directional energy flow system but a bi-directional one, requiring a much more complex management.

The MSc in Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy is modular in structure. Students must obtain a total of 180 credits to qualify for the degree. This is made up of 120 credits in the taught element (Part One) and a project (Part Two) that is worth 60 credits and culminates in a written dissertation. Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy students must successfully complete Part One before being allowed to progress to Part Two.

Part-time Delivery mode

The part-time scheme is a version of the full-time equivalent MSc in Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy scheme, and as such it means lectures are spread right across each week and you may have lectures across every day. Due to this timetabling format, the College advises that the scheme is likely to suit individuals who are looking to combine this with other commitments (typically family/caring) and who are looking for a less than full-time study option.

Those candidates seeking to combine the part-time option with full-time work are unlikely to find the timetable suitable, unless their job is extremely flexible and local to the Bay Campus.

Modules

Modules on the MSc Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy course can vary each year but you could expect to study:

Advanced Power Electronics and Drives

Power Semiconductor Devices

Advanced Power Systems

Energy and Power Engineering Laboratory

Power Generation Systems

Modern Control Systems

Wide Band-Gap Electronics

Environmental Analysis and Legislation

Communication Skills for Research Engineers

Optimisation

Facilities

The new home of MSc in Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy is at the innovative Bay Campus provides some of the best university facilities in the UK, in an outstanding location.

Engineering at Swansea University has extensive IT facilities and provides extensive software licenses and packages to support teaching. In addition the University provides open access IT resources.

Our new WOLFSON Foundation funded Power Electronics and Power System (PEPS) laboratory well-appointed with the state-of the-art equipment supports student research projects.

Careers

Employment in growing renewable energy sector, power electronic and semiconductor sector, electric/hybrid vehicle industry.

The MSc Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy is for graduates who may want to extend their technical knowledge and for professional applicants be provided with fast-track career development. This MSc addresses the skills shortage within the power electronics for renewable energy sector.

Links with industry

BT, Siemens, Plessey, GE Lighting, Schlumberger, Cogsys, Morganite, Newbridge Networks, Alstom, City Technology, BNR Europe, Philips, SWALEC, DERA, BTG, X-Fab, ZETEX Diodes, IQE, IBM, TSMC, IR, Toyota, Hitachi.

As a student on the MSc Power Engineering and Sustainable Energy course, you will learn about numerical simulation techniques and have the opportunity to visit electronics industries with links to Swansea.

Research

The Research Excellence Framework (REF) 2014 ranks Engineering at Swansea as 10th in the UK for the combined score in research quality across the Engineering disciplines.

The REF assesses the quality of research in the UK Higher Education sector, assuring us of the standards we strive for.

World-Leading Research

The REF shows that 94% of research produced by our academic staff is of World-Leading (4*) or Internationally Excellent (3*) quality. This has increased from 73% in the 2008 RAE.

Research pioneered at the College of Engineering harnesses the expertise of academic staff within the department. This ground-breaking multidisciplinary research informs our world-class teaching with several of our staff leaders in their fields.

With recent academic appointments strengthening electronics research at the College, the Electronic Systems Design Centre (ESDC) has been re-launched to support these activities.

The Centre aims to represent all major electronics research within the College and to promote the Electrical and Electronics Engineering degree.

Best known for its research in ground-breaking Power IC technology, the key technology for more energy efficient electronics, the Centre is also a world leader in semiconductor device modelling, FEM and compact modelling.



Read less
This programme is for graduate engineers wishing to work in the electrical power industry. It develops your knowledge of electrical power and energy systems, giving you a good understanding of the latest developments and techniques within the electrical power industry. Read more

This programme is for graduate engineers wishing to work in the electrical power industry. It develops your knowledge of electrical power and energy systems, giving you a good understanding of the latest developments and techniques within the electrical power industry.

Course details

The programme is centred around three major themes:

  • electrical power networks with emphasis on conventional networks, smart grids, high voltage direct current transmission and asset management of network infrastructure
  • renewable energies with emphasis on wind and solar power
  • power electronics with emphasis on power electronic convertors in converting and controlling power flows in electrical networks and renewable energy systems.

There are three routes you can select from to gain a postgraduate Master’s award:

  • MSc Electrical Power and Energy Systems – one year full time
  • MSc Electrical Power and Energy Systems – two years part time
  • MSc Electrical Power and Energy Systems (with Advanced Practice) – two years full time

The one-year programme is a great option if you want to gain a traditional MSc qualification – you can find out more here. This two-year master’s degree with advanced practice enhances your qualification by adding to the one-year master’s programme an internship, research or study abroad experience.The MSc Electrical Power and Energy Systems (with Advanced Practice) offers you the chance to enhance your qualification by completing an internship, research or study abroad experience in addition to the content of the one-year MSc.

What you study

For the MSc with advanced practice, you complete 120 credits of taught modules, a 60-credit master’s research project and 60 credits of advanced practice.

Course structure

Core modules

  • Asset Management
  • Data Acquisition and Signal Processing Techniques
  • Emerging Transmission Systems
  • Power Electronics
  • Practical Health and Safety Skills
  • Project Management and Enterprise
  • Renewable Energy Conversion Systems
  • Research and Study Skills
  • Research Project (Advanced Practice)
  • Smart Power Distribution

Advanced Practice options

  • Research Internship
  • Study Abroad
  • Vocational Internship

Modules offered may vary.

Teaching

How you learn

You learn through lectures, tutorials and practical sessions. Lectures provide the theoretical underpinning while practical sessions give you the opportunity to put theory into practice, applying your knowledge to specific problems. 

Tutorials and seminars provide a context for interactive learning and allow you to explore relevant topics in depth. In addition to the taught sessions, you undertake a substantive MSc research project.

In addition to the taught sessions, you undertake a substantive MSc research project and the Advanced Practice module. This module enables you to experience and develop employability or research attributes and experiential learning opportunities in either an external workplace, internal research environment or by studying abroad. You also critically engage with either external stakeholders or internal academic staff, and reflect on your own personal development through your Advanced Practice experience.

How you are assessed

Assessment varies from module to module. It may include in-course assignments, design exercises, technical reports, presentations or formal examinations. For your MSc project you prepare a dissertation.

Your Advanced Practice module is assessed by an individual written reflective report (3,000 words) together with a study or workplace log, where appropriate, and through a poster presentation.

Employability

As an electrical power and energy systems engineer you can be involved in designing, constructing, commissioning and lifecycle maintenance of complex energy production, conversion and distribution systems. 

Your work can include energy storage systems, management and efficient use of energy in building, manufacturing and processing systems. You can also be involved in work relating to the environmental and economic impact of energy usage.

Examples of the types of jobs you could be doing include:

  • designing new electrical transmission and distribution systems
  • managing maintenance and repair
  • managing operations of existing systems
  • managing operations of a wind turbine farm
  • analysing the efficiency of hydroelectric power systems
  • evaluating the economic viability of new solar power installations
  • assessing the environmental impact of energy systems.


Read less
This programme is for graduate engineers wishing to work in the electrical power industry. It develops your knowledge of electrical power and energy ystems, giving you a good understanding of the latest developments and techniques within the electrical power industry. Read more

This programme is for graduate engineers wishing to work in the electrical power industry. It develops your knowledge of electrical power and energy ystems, giving you a good understanding of the latest developments and techniques within the electrical power industry.

Course details

The programme is centred around three major themes:

  • electrical power networks with emphasis on conventional networks, smart grids, high voltage direct current transmission and asset management of network infrastructure
  • renewable energies with emphasis on wind and solar power
  • power electronics with emphasis on power electronic convertors in converting and controlling power flows in electrical networks and renewable energy systems.

What you study

For the postgraduate diploma (PgDip) award you must successfully complete 120 credits of taught modules. 

For MSc students

For an MSc award you must successfully complete 120 credits of taught modules and a 60-credit master's research project.

Course structure

Core modules

  • Asset Management
  • Emerging Transmission Systems
  • Power Electronics
  • Practical Health and Safety Skills
  • Project Management and Enterprise
  • Renewable Energy Conversion Systems
  • Research and Study Skills
  • Smart Power Distribution

MSc only

  • Major Project

Modules offered may vary.

Teaching

How you learn

You learn through lectures, tutorials and practical sessions. Lectures provide the theoretical underpinning while practical sessions give you the opportunity to put theory into practice, applying your knowledge to specific problems. 

Tutorials and seminars provide a context for interactive learning and allow you to explore relevant topics in depth. In addition to the taught sessions, you undertake a substantive MSc research project.

How you are assessed

Assessment varies from module to module. The assessment methodology could include in-course assignments, design exercises, technical reports, presentations or formal examinations. For your MSc project you prepare a dissertation.

Employability

As an electrical power and energy systems engineer you can be involved in designing, constructing, commissioning and lifecycle maintenance of complex energy production, conversion and distribution systems. 

Your work could include energy storage systems, management and efficient use of energy in building, manufacturing and processing systems.

You could also be involved in work relating to the environmental and economic impact of energy usage.

Examples of the types of jobs you could be doing include:

  • designing new electrical transmission and distribution systems
  • managing maintenance and repair
  • managing operations of existing systems
  • managing operations of a wind turbine farm
  • analysing the efficiency of hydroelectric power systems
  • evaluating the economic viability of new solar power installations
  • assessing the environmental impact of energy systems.


Read less
This programme provides an opportunity to specialise in the field of electrical power. It builds on a first degree in electrical/electronic engineering and explores how modern power systems from drives to power distribution are designed and implemented. Read more

This programme provides an opportunity to specialise in the field of electrical power. It builds on a first degree in electrical/electronic engineering and explores how modern power systems from drives to power distribution are designed and implemented. This programme develops technical skills and knowledge at an advanced level, as well as developing the professional, analytical and management skills of students.

Research project

This programme includes a major research project. Many of the projects reflect the key interests of the Faculty, such as power electronics, renewable and alternative energy systems. There is the opportunity for projects to be derived from our industrial links, and a number are proposed by students, reflecting their own personal interests or experience.

Accreditation

This programme is accredited by the Institution of Engineering and Technology as fully satisfying the further learning requirements for chartered engineer (CEng) registration. An individual holding an accredited MSc must also hold a CEng-accredited honours degree to have the full exemplifying qualifications for CEng status.

Outcomes

The aims of the programme are to:

  • Provide an enhanced base of knowledge and current and reflective practice necessary to initiate a career in electrical engineering at the professional level
  • Enhance specialist knowledge in the area of electrical engineering which build upon studies at the undergraduate level
  • Further develop improved skills of independent learning and critical appraisal
  • Develop an extensive insight into industrial applications and requirements
  • Develop an extensive insight of management issues relating to engineering business
  • Develop a comprehensive knowledge of leading-edge ICT tools and techniques in electrical engineering
  • Provide the ability to progress to the next level of study.

Full time

Year 1

Students are required to study the following compulsory courses.

Part time

Year 1

Students are required to study the following compulsory courses.

Year 2

Students are required to study the following compulsory courses.

Assessment

Students are assessed through

  • Examinations
  • Case studies
  • Assignments
  • Practical work, and
  • Dissertation.

Professional recognition

This programme is accredited by the Institution of Engineering and Technology.

Careers

Graduates can pursue a wide variety of opportunities exist for electrical power engineers in both the power supply sector and large industrial consumers.



Read less
Electrical and electronic engineers play a key role in the design, implementation and management of electrical systems to solve practical problems, such as systems for automation, surveillance, energy conversion, power distribution, telecommunications and information processing. Read more

Electrical and electronic engineers play a key role in the design, implementation and management of electrical systems to solve practical problems, such as systems for automation, surveillance, energy conversion, power distribution, telecommunications and information processing.

You will develop technical skills through fundamental theory and practical laboratory work, learning from leading experts, who are working on a range of ground breaking projects from developing bionic implants and creating models and devices to better understand and treat diseases, such as autism and epilepsy, to creating energy efficient telecommunication systems and deploying sensor networks to monitor and manage the environment. You will have the opportunity to take part in a research project in electronic and photonic system design, telecommunications, power networks, signal processing and automatic control systems.

The Master of Engineering (Electrical) will lead to a formal qualification in electrical engineering.

CAREER OUTCOMES

Electrical Engineering Career Pathways [PDF]

Design and create a range of technical solutions, in areas ranging from medical bionics and neural engineering, to energy conversion, power distribution and communications networks. Career opportunities exist as technical specialists and managers in fields such as the power industry, telecommunications, electronics, biotechnology, manufacturing, automation, transport, defence and the computer industry, as well as roles in research and innovation.

You will find employment with companies such as Telstra, Siemens, Airbus Group Australia Pacific, BHP Billiton, Chevron, Alcoa, Compumedics and Cochlear Ltd.

PROFESSIONAL ACCREDITATION

The Master of Engineering is professionally recognised under two major accreditation frameworks — EUR-ACE® and the Washington Accord (through Engineers Australia). Graduates can work as chartered professional engineers throughout Europe, and as professional engineers in the 17 countries of the Washington Accord.



Read less
Electrical and electronic engineers play a key role in the design, implementation and management of electrical systems to solve practical problems, such as systems for automation, surveillance, energy conversion, power distribution, telecommunications and information processing. Read more

Electrical and electronic engineers play a key role in the design, implementation and management of electrical systems to solve practical problems, such as systems for automation, surveillance, energy conversion, power distribution, telecommunications and information processing.

You will develop technical skills through fundamental theory and practical laboratory work, learning from leading experts, who are working on a range of ground breaking projects from developing bionic implants and creating models and devices to better understand and treat diseases, such as autism and epilepsy, to creating energy efficient telecommunication systems and deploying sensor networks to monitor and manage the environment. You will have the opportunity to take part in a research project in electronic and photonic system design, telecommunications, power networks, signal processing and automatic control systems.

The Master of Engineering (Electrical with Business) will lead to a formal qualification in electrical engineering. 

MASTER OF ENGINEERING (WITH BUSINESS)

The Master of Engineering (with Business) is designed to provide students with a formal qualification in engineering at the masters level, with a business specialisation that recognises the need for engineers to understand the management and workings of modern professional organisations.

Students who undertake the Master of Engineering (with Business) replace five advanced technical electives with five business subjects that have been tailored specifically for engineering students and co-developed with Melbourne Business School.

Graduates will have a grounding in financial, marketing and economic principles enabling them to work efficiently in any organisation, as well as the ability to apply the technical knowledge, creativity and team work skills learnt in their engineering training. This combination of knowledge and skills will be a powerful asset in the workplace.

Key features

  • Combine a technical specialisation with exposure to the business and management skills that can help fast-track your career.
  • Benefit from subjects co-developed by Melbourne Business School and tailored specifically for engineering students.
  • Tight integration of subjects ensures that you understand the business side of engineering applications.
  • Be empowered with strong technical skills, as well as the business skills to understand how organisations work.

CAREER OUTCOMES

Electrical Engineering Career Pathways [PDF]

Design and create a range of technical solutions, in areas ranging from medical bionics and neural engineering, to energy conversion, power distribution and communications networks. Career opportunities exist as technical specialists and managers in fields such as the power industry, telecommunications, electronics, biotechnology, manufacturing, automation, transport, defence and the computer industry, as well as roles in research and innovation.

You will find employment with companies such as Telstra, Siemens, Airbus Group Australia Pacific, BHP Billiton, Chevron, Alcoa, Compumedics and Cochlear Ltd.

PROFESSIONAL ACCREDITATION

This Master of Engineering (with Business) degree is professionally recognised under EUR-ACE®. Graduates can work as chartered professional engineers throughout Europe.

This Master of Engineering (with Business) degree is provisionally accredited by Engineers Australia. In line with Engineers Australia policy on granting accreditation to new courses, full accreditation cannot be granted until sufficient students have graduated from the program. Once full accreditation has been granted, it will be back-dated to include all graduates from the start of the program.



Read less
Do you want to help power the world? We’re running out of fossil fuels fast and it’s more important than ever to find new sustainable and renewable sources of energy. Read more
Do you want to help power the world? We’re running out of fossil fuels fast and it’s more important than ever to find new sustainable and renewable sources of energy. This involves meeting challenges such as engineering new technologies and considering how these technologies can be integrated into power distribution networks.

This course will offer you advanced knowledge of a diverse range of sustainable energy technologies, including wind, tidal, solar, fuel cells and biomass. From the fundamental principles to the latest developments in these technologies, you’ll learn about key enabling technologies for energy storage (electrical, electrochemical, mechanical and thermal) and power distribution.

You’ll also develop skills in project management, ethics, and health and safety. These skills will leave you well prepared for an active future career in the energy technology industry or further academic research in the field.

Read less
Effective use of renewable energy and improvements in the efficiency of power generation facilities will enable better energy management in the future and help reduce environmental impact. Read more

Why take this course?

Effective use of renewable energy and improvements in the efficiency of power generation facilities will enable better energy management in the future and help reduce environmental impact. This course responds to an urgent need for specialists in energy and power systems management, as well as a growing skills shortage of people with core knowledge in this field.

The course provides relevant, up-to-date skills that will equip both graduates and working professionals in the advanced concepts of sustainable electrical power and energy generation. It offers skills for operation, control, design, regulation and management of power systems and networks of the future. You will also receive training in and understanding of energy production, delivery, consumption and efficiency.

What will I experience?

On this course you will:

Benefit from experts in the industry who will deliver part of the course as visiting lecturers, bringing professional expertise and industry-relevant material
Be encouraged to reach a level of competence and professionalism where you can effectively integrate your technical and non-technical knowledge to solve a range of problems of a complex nature
Learn in a challenging and stimulating study environment
Develop a range of key skills by means of opportunities provided in the study units
Being an MSc course, you are encouraged and expected to be able to reach a level of competence and professionalism where you can effectively integrate your technical and non-technical knowledge to solve a range of problems of a complex nature.

What opportunities might it lead to?

The course will help to maximise your career potential in this field and equips you to work as an engineer, at an advanced level, in the fields of energy and power systems management.

Module Details

You will study several key topics and complete a four-month individual project in which you apply your knowledge to a significant, in-depth piece of analysis or design. Projects are tailored to your individual interests and may take place in our own laboratories or, by agreement, in industry. Experts from Industry (STS Nuclear) deliver part of the course as visiting lecturers, bringing professional expertise and industry-relevant material to the programme.

Here are the units you will study:

Power Systems Technology: This unit provides an in-depth overview of contemporary electrical power systems. It covers the elements of electrical power systems including generation, transmission and distribution in the mixed energy source paradigm.

Electrical Machines and drives: Provides an in-depth overview of the operational principles and physical design of DC and AC electrical machines as well as broad understanding of concepts of power electronics and power electronic converters, so that you can describe their application and selection criteria. You will develop an understanding of the issues present in converter design, including the impact of physical layout and heat dissipation.

Energy Systems: Focuses on the techniques and principles of operation of thermodynamics and combustion systems, as well as the provision and management of energy. It also focuses on power generation and combined systems, BioMass processers application of heat and fluid transfer.

Renewable and Alternative Energy: Provides an in-depth coverage of the principles of renewable and alternative energy systems: Winds, Solar, BioMass, Geothermal, Fuel Cells, Hydrogen Technologies and Nuclear Energy.

Nuclear Technology: A study of nuclear engineering including the theory of atomic and nuclear physics, methods and benefits of generating electricity from nuclear power plants, and the effects of ionising radiation. The nuclear fuel cycle and the associated environmental impacts are also considered. The development of international guidance on nuclear and radiological safety and a comparison of national regulatory structures are analysed. The importance of safety cultures, safety behaviours and safety cases is a key element throughout this module.

Energy Management: The unit is specifically designed to provide the students with the basic of economical analysis and evaluation of energy projects and asset management as well as risk and hazard assessment, comprising legislation, hazard identification and quantification, quantified risk analyses, methods of elimination/mitigation, economic appraisal of integrated renewable, and petroleum projects; with numerous pertinent case studies.

Programme Assessment

You will be taught through a mixture of lectures, seminars, tutorials (personal and academic), laboratory sessions and project work. The course has a strong practical emphasis and you will spend a significant amount of time in our Energy, Power systems and Electronic laboratories.

A range of assessment methods encourages a deeper understanding of engineering and allows you to develop your skills. Here’s how we assess your work:

Written examinations
Coursework
Laboratory-based project work
A major individual project/dissertation

Student Destinations

This course is designed to respond to a growing skills shortage of people with core knowledge in energy and power systems management. It is an excellent preparation for a successful career in this ever expanding and dynamic field.

On successful completion of the course, you will have gained the skills and knowledge that will make you attractive to a wide variety of employers with interests ranging from overall system design to the more detailed development of subsystems. You will acquire the ability to critically evaluate methodologies, analytical procedures and research methods in energy and power systems management and in the use of state-of-the-art computational tools, the design of sustainable electrical power systems and networks and regulatory frameworks. For practicing engineers with professional business experience, the course is an opportunity to update your knowledge of current design practice and also to familiarise themselves with developments in codes and methods of analysis.

Read less
EIT is pleased to bring you the Master of Engineering (Electrical Systems)** program. In this accredited and prestigious program you will gain. Read more

EIT is pleased to bring you the Master of Engineering (Electrical Systems)** program.

In this accredited and prestigious program you will gain:

- Skills and know-how in the latest and developing technologies in electrical systems

- Practical guidance and feedback from experts from around the world

- Live knowledge from the extensive experience of expert instructors, rather than from just theoretical information gained from books and college

- Credibility and respect as the local electrical systems expert in your firm

- Global networking contacts in the industry

- Improved career choices and income

- A valuable and accredited Master of Engineering (Electrical Systems)** qualification

The next intake will start on the week of June 25, 2018.

Contact us to find out more and apply (http://www.eit.edu.au/course-enquiry).

** A note regarding recognition of this program in the Australian education system: EIT is the owner of this program. The qualification is officially accredited by the Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA). EIT delivers this program to students worldwide.

Visit the website http://www.eit.edu.au/master-engineering-electrical-systems

Professional Recognition

This Master's Degree is an academically accredited program by the Australian Government agency Tertiary Education Quality and Standards Agency (TEQSA) and provisionally accredited by Engineers Australia under the Sydney and Washington accords. This EIT Master's Degree is internationally recognised under the International Engineering Alliance (IEA) accords and the various signatories (http://www.ieagreements.org/accords/washington/signatories/).

Additional Entry Requirements

An appropriate level of English Language Proficiency equivalent to an English pass level in an Australian Senior Certificate of Education, or an IELTS score of 6.5 (with no individual band less than 6.0) or equivalent as outlined in the EIT Admissions Policy.

Congruent field of practice means one of the following with adequate electrical engineering content (with fields not listed below to be considered by the Dean and the Admissions committee on a case-by-case basis):

• Electrical Engineering

• Electronic and Communication Systems

• Industrial Engineering

• Instrumentation, Control and Automation

• Mechatronic Systems

• Manufacturing and Management Systems

• Industrial Automation

• Production Engineering

Overview

Electrical power is an essential infrastructure of our society. Adequate and uninterrupted supply of electrical power of the required quality is essential for industries, commercial establishments and residences; and almost any type of human activity is impossible without the use of electricity. The ever-increasing cost of fuels required for power generation, restricted availability in many parts of the world, demand for electricity fueled by industrial growth and shortage of skilled engineers to design, operate and maintain power network components are problems felt everywhere today. The Master of Engineering (Electrical Systems) is designed to address the last-mentioned constraint, especially in today’s context where the field of electrical power is not perceived as being ‘cool’ unlike computers and communications and other similar nascent fields experiencing explosive growth. But it is often forgotten that even a highly complex and sophisticated data centre needs huge amounts of power of extremely high reliability, without which it is just so much silicon (and copper).

This program presents the topics at two levels. The first year addresses the design level where the student learns how to design the components of a power system such as generation, transmission and distribution as well as the other systems contributing to the safety of operation. The topics in the first year also cover the automation and control components that contribute to the high level of reliability expected from today’s power systems. Because of the constraints imposed by the fuel for power generation and the environmental degradation that accompanies power generation by fossil fuels, the attention today is focused on renewable energy sources and also more importantly how to make the generation of power more efficient and less polluting so that you get a double benefit of lower fuel usage and lower environmental impact. Even the best designed systems need to be put together efficiently. Setting up power generation and transmission facilities involves appreciable capital input and complex techniques for planning, installation and commissioning. Keeping this in view, a unit covering project management is included in the first year.

The second year of the program focuses on the highly complex theory of power systems. If the power system has to perform with a high degree of reliability and tide over various disturbances that invariably occur due to abnormal events in the power system, it is necessary to use simulation techniques that can accurately model a power system and predict its behavior under various possible disturbance conditions. These aspects are covered in the course units dealing with power system analysis and stability studies for steady-state, dynamic and transient conditions. The aspect of power quality and harmonic flow studies is also included as a separate unit.

The study of power systems has an extensive scope and besides the topics listed above, a student may also like to cover some other related topic of special interest. The ‘Special Topics in Electrical Power Systems’ unit aims to provide students with the opportunity for adding one ‘state-of-the art’ topic from a list of suggested fields. Examples are: Smart grids, Micro-grids and Geographic Information System (GIS) application in utility environment.

The Masters Thesis which spans over two complete semesters is the capstone of the program, requiring a high level of personal autonomy and accountability, and reinforces the knowledge and skill base developed in the preceding units. As a significant research component of the course, this program component will facilitate research, critical evaluation and the application of knowledge and skills with creativity and initiative, enabling the students to critique current professional practice in the electrical power industry.

Who Would Benefit

Those seeking to achieve advanced know-how and expertise in industrial automation, including but not limited to:

- Electric Utility engineers

- Electrical Engineers and Electricians

- Maintenance Engineers and Supervisors

- Energy Management Consultants

- Automation and Process Engineers

- Design Engineers

- Project Managers

- Consulting Engineers

- Production Managers



Read less
Why this course?. This is the UK’s first two-year full-time MSc in Advanced Electrical Power Engineering. To be an effective power engineer you need a good knowledge of underpinning technologies and user and application requirements. Read more

Why this course?

This is the UK’s first two-year full-time MSc in Advanced Electrical Power Engineering.

To be an effective power engineer you need a good knowledge of underpinning technologies and user and application requirements. You also require a firm understanding of the business and regulatory landscape that national and multinational power and utility companies must work within.

This course brings together advanced expertise in all aspects of electrical energy and power systems, complemented by studies in electricity markets and power systems economics.

The course is designed to provide the advanced training you need for a career in the dynamic power and energy sectors.

You’ll study

Year 1

You'll take a selection of compulsory and optional taught classes. This is combined with training in business and project management skills and research methodologies and techniques.

Potential Year 2 research projects are explored during this year through completion of a mini-project, with a final topic agreed for the start of Year 2.

Year 2

You'll undertake a major research project within the electrical power and energy disciplines. You'll also select a number of advanced taught modules designed to broaden your understanding of your chosen topic.

Facilities

You'll have exclusive access to our extensive computing network and purpose built teaching spaces including our outdoor test facility for photovoltaics high voltage laboratory, equipped with the latest technologies including:

  • LDS 6-digital partial discharge test & measurement system
  • Marx impulse generators & GIS test rigs
  • £1M distribution network and protection laboratory comprising a 100kVA microgrid, induction machines and programme load banks

You'll have access to the UK’s only high-fidelity control room simulation suite and the Power Networks Demonstration Centre (PNDC). This is Europe’s first centre dedicated to the development and demonstration of “smart-grid” technologies.

Learning & teaching

We use a blend of teaching and learning methods including interactive lectures, problem-solving tutorials and practical project-based laboratories. Our technical and experimental officers are available to support and guide you on individual subject material.

Each module comprises approximately five hours of direct teaching per week. To enhance your understanding of the technical and theoretical topics covered in these, you're expected to undertake a further five to six hours of self-study, using our web-based virtual learning environment (MyPlace), research journals and library facilities.

The teaching and learning methods used ensure you'll develop not only technical engineering expertise but also communications, project management and leadership skills.

You'll undertake group projects. These will help to develop your interpersonal, communication and transferable skills essential to a career in industry.

Assessment

A variety of assessment techniques are used throughout the course. You'll complete at least six modules in Year 1. Each module has a combination of written assignments, individual and group reports, oral presentations, practical lab work and, where appropriate, an end-of-term exam.

Assessment of the Year 2 research project consists of four elements, with individual criteria: 

  1. Interim report (10%, 1500 – 3000 words) – The purpose of this report is to provide a mechanism for supervisors to provide valuable feedback on the project’s objectives and direction.
  2. Poster Presentation (15%) – A vital skill of an engineer is the ability to describe their work to others and respond to requests for information. The poster presentation is designed to give you an opportunity to practise that.
  3. Final report (55%) – This assesses the communication of project objectives and context, accuracy and relevant of background material, description of practical work and results, depth and soundness of discussion and conclusions, level of engineering achievement and the quality of the report’s presentation.
  4. Conduct (20%) - Independent study, project and time management are key features of university learning. The level of your initiative & independent thinking and technical understanding are assessed through project meetings with your supervisor and your written logbooks.

Careers

The course provides the advanced level of knowledge and understanding required for challenging, well paid and exciting careers in the high growth power and energy sectors.

Employment prospects are excellent, with recent graduates working in power engineering consultancy, global power utilities (generation, supply and distribution), the renewable energy sector and manufacturing. They've taken up professional and technical positions as electrical engineers, power systems specialists, distribution engineer and asset managers in large energy utilities such as Iberdrola, EDF Energy and China State Grid. Graduates have also taken up roles in project management and engineering consultancy with companies such as Arup, Atkins Global, Ramboll, Moot MacDonald and AMEC.



Read less
IN THIS INTENSIVE, PART-TIME, 18-MONTH ONLINE PROGRAM YOU WILL GAIN. - Skills and know-how in the latest technologies in electrical engineering. Read more

IN THIS INTENSIVE, PART-TIME, 18-MONTH ONLINE PROGRAM YOU WILL GAIN:

- Skills and know-how in the latest technologies in electrical engineering

- Practical guidance from electrical engineering experts in the field

- Knowledge from the extensive experience of the lecturers, rather than from only the theoretical information gained from books and college

- Credibility as the local electrical engineering expert in your firm

- Networking contacts in the industry

- Improved career prospects and income

- An Advanced Diploma of Applied Electrical Engineering (Electrical Systems)

Next intake starts July 02, 2018. Registrations are now open.

Payment is not required until 2 to 4 weeks before the start of the program.

The EIT Advanced Diploma of Applied Electrical Engineering (Electrical Systems) is recognized worldwide and has been endorsed by the International Society of Automation (ISA). Please ask us about specific information on accreditation for your location.

OVERVIEW

Join the next generation of electrical engineers and technicians and embrace a well paid, intensive yet enjoyable career by embarking on this comprehensive course on electrical engineering. It is presented in a practical and useful manner - all theory covered is tied to a practical outcome. Leading electrical engineers who are highly experienced engineers from industry, having 'worked in the trenches' in the various electrical engineering areas present the course over the web in a distance learning format using our acclaimed live e-learning techniques.

The course starts with an overview of the basic principles of electrical engineering and then goes on to discuss the essential topics in depth. With a total of 16 modules, everything that is of practical value from electrical distribution concepts to the equipment used, safety at work to power quality are all looked at in detail. Each module contains practical content so that the students can practice what they learn including the basic elements of designing a system and troubleshooting.

Most academic courses deal with engineering theory in detail but fall short when it comes to giving practical hints on what a technician is expected to know for a job in the field. In this course, the practical aspects receive emphasis so that when you go out into the field you will have the feeling that ‘you have seen it all.

*JOB OUTCOMES, INTERNATIONAL RECOGNITION AND PROFESSIONAL MEMBERSHIP:

A range of global opportunities awaits graduates of the Advanced Diploma of Applied Electrical Engineering (Electrical Systems). Pending full accreditation you may become a full member of Engineers Australia and your qualification will be recognized by Engineers Australia and (through the Dublin Accord) by leading professional associations and societies in Australia, Canada, Ireland, Korea, New Zealand, South Africa, United Kingdom and the United States. The Dublin Accord is an agreement for the international recognition of Engineering Technician qualifications.

For example, current enrolled students can apply for free student membership of Engineers Australia. After graduation, you can apply for membership to become an Engineering Associate, while graduates interested in UK recognition can apply for membership of the Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET) as a Technician Member of the Institution of Engineering and Technology.

This professional recognition greatly improves the global mobility of graduates, and offers you the opportunity of a truly international career.

You will be qualified to find employment as an Engineering Associate in public and private industry including transportation, manufacturing, process, construction, resource, energy and utilities industries. Engineering Associates often work in support of professional engineers or engineering technologists in a team environment. If you prefer to work in the field you may choose to find employment as a site supervisor, senior technician, engineering assistant, or similar.

WHO SHOULD COMPLETE THIS PROGRAM?

- Electrical Engineers and Technicians

- Project Engineers

- Design Engineers

- Instrumentation and Design Engineers

- Electrical Technicians

- Field Technicians

- Electricians

- Plant Operators

- Maintenance Engineers and Supervisors

- Energy Management Consultants

- Automation and Process Engineers

- Design Engineers

- Project Managers

- Instrument Fitters and Instrumentation Engineers

- Consulting Engineers

- Production Managers

- Chemical and Mechanical Engineers

- Instrument and Process Control Technicians

In fact, anyone who wants to gain solid knowledge of the key elements of electrical engineering – to improve work skills and to create further job prospects. Even those of you who are highly experienced in electrical engineering may find it useful to attend some of the topics to gain key, up to date perspectives on electrical engineering.

PROGRAM STRUCTURE

The course is composed of 16 modules. These cover the following seven main threads to provide you with maximum practical coverage in the field of electrical engineering

- Electrical technology fundamentals

- Distribution equipment and protection

- Rotating machinery and transformers

- Power electronics

- Energy efficiency

- Earthing and safety regulations

- Operation and maintenance of electrical equipment

The 16 modules will be completed in the following order:

- Electrical Circuits

- Basic Electrical Engineering

- Fundamentals of Professional Engineering

- Electrical Drawings

- Electrical Power Distribution

- Transformers, Circuit Breakers and Switchgear

- Electrical Machines

- Power Cables and Accessories

- Earthing and Lightning / Surge Protection

- Power System Protection

- Electrical Safety and Wiring Regulations

- Testing, Troubleshooting and Maintenance of Electrical Equipment

- Energy Efficiency and Energy Use

- Power Quality

- Power Electronics and Variable Speed Drives

- DC and AC High Reliability Power Supplies

COURSE FEES

What are the fees for my country?

The Engineering Institute of Technology (EIT) provides distance education to students located all around the world – it is one of the very few truly global training institutes. Course fees are paid in a currency that is determined by the student’s location. We aim to give you a rapid response regarding course fees that are relevant to your individual circumstances.

We understand that cost is a major consideration before a student begins to study. For a rapid reply to your query regarding course fees and payment options, please contact a Course Advisor in your region via the below button and we will respond within two (2) business days.



Read less
The Power Systems Engineering MSc is designed to provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to work at a professional level in industries involved in the production, distribution and consumption of energy and power. Read more

The Power Systems Engineering MSc is designed to provide students with the necessary knowledge and skills to work at a professional level in industries involved in the production, distribution and consumption of energy and power. This wide range of industries includes transport, conventional and renewable power generation.

About this degree

Students study analysis and design of conventional and renewable machinery systems and the use of computers in their advanced engineering analysis. Students gain knowledge of electrical and mechanical engineering principles, quantitative methods, and mathematical and computer modelling alongside an awareness of the codes of practice, standards and quality issues within the modern industrial world. They also take modules in project management.

Students undertake modules to the value of 180 credits.

The programme consists of six core modules (90 credits), one optional module (15 credits) and a research project (75 credits).

Core modules

  • Power Transmission and Auxiliary Machinery Systems
  • Electrical Machines and Power Electronic Drives
  • Electrical Power Systems and Electrical Propulsion
  • New and Renewable Energy Systems
  • Project Management
  • Group Project

Optional modules

  • Applied Thermodynamics and Turbomachinery
  • Vibrations, Acoustics and Control
  • Advanced Computer Applications in Engineering

Dissertation/report

All students undertake an independent research project which culminates in a project report and oral presentation. In many cases the work has some input from industry.

Teaching and learning

This dynamic programme is delivered through lectures, tutorials, individual and group projects, practical laboratory work and coursework assignments, (including computational analysis). Assessment is through written, oral and viva voce examinations and coursework (including the evaluation of laboratory reports, technical and project reports, problem-solving exercises, computational and modelling skills and oral presentations).

Further information on modules and degree structure is available on the department website: Power Systems Engineering MSc

Funding

For a comprehensive list of the funding opportunities available at UCL, including funding relevant to your nationality, please visit the Scholarships and Funding website.

Careers

The Power Systems Engineering MSc has been accredited by the Engineering Council as meeting the further learning requirements, in full, for registration as a Chartered Engineer for a period of five years, from the 2012 student cohort intake onwards.

Recent career destinations for this degree

  • PhD Research Assistant in Electromagnetic Engineering, Forschungszentrum J゚lich (J゚lich Research Centre)
  • Business Development Associate, Enviromena Power Systems
  • Graduate Electrical Engineer, Mott MacDonald
  • Graduate Project Manager, EDF Energy
  • Power Engineer, General Electric (GE)

Employability

Delivered by leading research and academic staff from across UCL, you will definitely have plenty of opportunities to network and keep abreast of emerging ideas through cross-fertilisation with collaborating companies and governmental bodies such as BAE Systems, Rolls Royce, Lloyds Register and TfL who provide specialised lectures and are key to our research success. We will encourage you to develop networks through the programme itself and via the department’s careers programme which includes employer-led events and individual coaching. We equip our graduates with the skills and confidence needed to play a creative and leading role in the professional and research community.

Careers data is taken from the ‘Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education’ survey undertaken by HESA looking at the destinations of UK and EU students in the 2013–2015 graduating cohorts six months after graduation.

Why study this degree at UCL?

The department has an international reputation for the excellence of its research which is funded by numerous bodies including: EPSRC, EU, Wellcome Trust, the Royal Society, the Leverhulme Trust, UK Ministry of Defence, BAe Systems, Cosworth Technology, Ebara, Jaguar Cars, Shell, and BP.

The Power Systems Engineering MSc is accredited under UK-SPEC by the Institution of Mechanical Engineers (IMechE), Institute of Engineering and Technology (IET), and the Institute of Marine Engineering Science and Technology (IMarEST). This programme also constitutes in part the requirement to obtain Chartered Engineering status.

UCL Mechanical Engineering has seen, in recent years, unprecedented activity in refurbishing and re-equipping our laboratories. Highlights of this include an extensive workshop, four engine test cells of the highest specification, a fuel cell laboratory, an electrical power laboratory and a new fluid mechanics laboratory.



Read less
Why this course?. This course recognises the need for skilled graduates to address the world’s major issues in electrical energy and power systems. Read more

Why this course?

This course recognises the need for skilled graduates to address the world’s major issues in electrical energy and power systems. It offers an integrated programme focusing on:

  • the design, operation and analysis of power supply systems
  • power plant
  • renewables and industrial electrical equipment relating to a liberalised power supply industry
  • globalised markets and environmental drivers

The course provides the advanced level of knowledge and understanding required for challenging, well paid and exciting careers in the dynamic and high growth electrical power and renewable energy sectors.

You’ll study

There’s two semesters of compulsory and optional classes, followed by a three-month summer research project in your chosen area. There’s the opportunity to carry this out through the department's competitive MSc industrial internships.

The internships are offered in collaboration with selected department industry partners, including ScottishPower, Smarter Grid Solutions and SSE. You'll address real-world engineering challenges facing the partner, with site visits, access and provision of relevant technical data and/or facilities provided, along with an industry mentor and academic supervisor.

Facilities

You'll have exclusive access to our extensive computing network and purpose built teaching spaces, including our outdoor test facility for photovoltaics high voltage laboratory, equipped with the latest technologies, including:

  • LDS 6-digital partial discharge test & measurement system
  • Marx impulse generators & GIS test rigs
  • £1M distribution network and protection laboratory comprising a 100kVA microgrid, induction machines and programme load banks

You'll have access to the UK’s only high-fidelity control room simulation suite and the Power Networks Demonstration Centre (PNDC). This is Europe’s first centre dedicated to the development and demonstration of “smart-grid” technologies.

Accreditation

The Institution of Engineering & Technology (IET) - this programme is CEng accredited and fulfils the educational requirements for registration as a Chartered Engineer when presented with a CEng accredited Bachelors programme.

Learning & teaching

We use a blend of teaching and learning methods including interactive lectures, problem-solving tutorials and practical project-based laboratories. Our technical and experimental officers are available to support and guide you on individual subject material.

Each module comprises of approximately five hours of direct teaching per week. To enhance your understanding of the technical and theoretical topics covered in these, you're expected to undertake a further five to six hours of self-study, using our web-based virtual learning environment (MyPlace), research journals and library facilities.

The teaching and learning methods used ensure you'll develop not only technical engineering expertise but also communications, project management and leadership skills.

You'll undertake group projects. These will help to develop your interpersonal, communication and transferable skills essential to a career in industry.

Industry engagement

Interaction with industry is provided through our internships, teaching seminars and networking events. The department delivers monthly seminars to support students’ learning and career development. Iberdrola, National Grid, ScottishPower, SSE, Siemens and Rolls-Royce are just a few examples of the industry partners you can engage with during your course.

Assessment

A variety of assessment techniques are used throughout the course. You'll complete at least six modules. Each module has a combination of written assignments, individual and group reports, oral presentations, practical lab work and, where appropriate, an end-of-term exam.

Assessment of the summer research project/internship consists of four elements, with individual criteria: 

  1. Interim report (10%, 1500 to 3000 words) – The purpose of this report is to provide a mechanism for supervisors to provide valuable feedback on the project’s objectives and direction.
  2. Poster Presentation (15%) – A vital skill of an engineer is the ability to describe their work to others and respond to requests for information. The poster presentation is designed to give you an opportunity to practise that.
  3. Final report (55%) – This assesses the communication of project objectives and context, accuracy and relevant of background material, description of practical work and results, depth and soundness of discussion and conclusions, level of engineering achievement and the quality of the report’s presentation.
  4. Conduct (20%) - Independent study, project and time management are key features of university learning. The level of your initiative & independent thinking and technical understanding are assessed through project meetings with your supervisor and your written logbooks.

Careers

The course provides the advanced level of knowledge and understanding required for challenging, well paid and exciting careers in the dynamic and high growth electrical power and renewable energy sectors.

Employment prospects are excellent, with recent graduates operating in power engineering consultancy, global power utilities (generation, supply and distribution), the renewable energy sector and manufacturing. They've taken up professional and technical positions as electrical engineers, power systems specialists, distribution engineer and asset managers in large energy utilities such as ScottishPower Energy Networks, Aker Solutions, National Grid & EDF Energy. Graduates have also taken up roles in project management and engineering consultancy with companies such as Arup, Atkins Global, Ramboll, Moot MacDonald and AMEC.



Read less
Gain IET accreditation on this Electrical Power and Control Engineering Masters at Liverpool John Moores University. This course meets Chartered Engineer requirements and the demand for postgraduates in this growing global industry. Read more
Gain IET accreditation on this Electrical Power and Control Engineering Masters at Liverpool John Moores University. This course meets Chartered Engineer requirements and the demand for postgraduates in this growing global industry

•Complete this masters degree in one year full time
•Study at one the UK’s leading Engineering Schools
•Programme informed by internationally-acclaimed research from LJMU’s Electrical and Electronic Engineering Research Centre
•Postgraduates of this course highly sought after by major UK and international employers

This MSc degree programme provides an excellent progression point from undergraduate courses in the area of electrical engineering. You can also complete the course as development and to specialise in the Electrical Power and Control Engineering field.

Did you know that there is growing demand for electrical power engineers in the energy, automotive, and process industries? You could be involved in the design and development of electrical systems, such as those found in hybrid vehicles, cooling systems and aircraft actuators or the generation, distribution, regulation and conversion of electrical power.
You’ll develop advanced analytical and experimental skills to design new power and control systems and learn how to critically analyse designs, their functionality and expected reliability.
It will also be important for you to gain a strong understanding of the capabilities and limitations of modelling and simulation tools.

The expertise and laboratories available are aligned to the new sources of energy, green energy and the energy saving industry. LJMU specialist facilities support investigation into wind power electricity generation, where wider penetration of remote off-shore wind farm installations is expected in near future and multi-phase systems have many advantages.
The programme design provides opportunities to practice communication skills at Chartered Engineer level. You’ll gain the professional behavioural traits to prepare you for technical and management roles in power and control engineering.

Please see guidance below on core and option modules for further information on what you will study.
Level 7
Modelling and Control of Electric Machines and Drives
Control Systems
Dynamic Systems Simulation
Digital Control Power Systems Modelling
Analysis Alternative Energy Systems Modelling with Matlab and Simulink
MSc Project
Operations Research
Safety Reliability
Project Management
Programming for Engineering
LabVIEW
Professional and Leadership Skills

Further guidance on modules

The information listed in the section entitled ‘What you will study’ is an overview of the academic content of the programme that will take the form of either core or option modules. Modules are designated as core or option in accordance with professional body requirements and internal Academic Framework review, so may be subject to change. Students will be required to undertake modules that the University designates as core and will have a choice of designated option modules. Additionally, option modules may be offered subject to meeting minimum student numbers.

Academic Framework reviews are conducted by LJMU from time to time to ensure that academic standards continue to be maintained. A review is currently in progress and will be operational for the academic year 2016/2017. Final details of this programme’s designated core and option modules will be made available on LJMU’s website as soon as possible and prior to formal enrolment for the academic year 2016/2017.

Please email if you require further guidance or clarification.

Read less

Show 10 15 30 per page



Cookie Policy    X