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Masters Degrees (Nuclear Law)

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Energy is the largest and one of the most dynamic industry sectors. It raises many challenges both politically and technically, from traditional exploration and production of fossil fuels to more recent mining extraction methods (hydraulic fracturing or 'fracking'), renewables and environmental protection. Read more
Energy is the largest and one of the most dynamic industry sectors. It raises many challenges both politically and technically, from traditional exploration and production of fossil fuels to more recent mining extraction methods (hydraulic fracturing or 'fracking'), renewables and environmental protection. Queen Mary is only one of a few universities in the world to offer an LLM in Energy and Natural Resources Law and this programme builds upon well-established areas at Queen Mary, such as Commercial Law, Dispute Resolution, Environmental Law and Regulation.

All these constituent elements of Energy and Natural Resources law are approached through a comparative and international lens and prepare students to enter practice as regulators, lawyers in private practice of public sector lawyers. You will also benefit from the current research, consultancy work and events undertaken and held by the Energy and Natural Resources Law Institute (ENRLI) at Queen Mary.

Many of the modules will be co-taught by practitioners and leading industry figures so you will benefit from practical real life insights into the industry. You will also be able to attend a series of General Counsel lectures, giving you a chance to network with speakers from organisations such as Exxon, British Gas, Shell and EDF.

This programme will:

Examine the area from a comparative, international and inter-disciplinary perspective.
Focus on both regulatory and transactional matters but also issues of policy.
Give you access to leading experts in the field who provide an accurate and measured assessment of key pervasive and emerging issues.
Approach the energy and natural resources law academically, from policy and a problem-solving perspective.
Provide you with unique internship and networking opportunities within the industry.

Taught Modules

Modules:

To specialise in this area, you must select 90 credits of modules from this list and do your compulsory dissertation in the field of Energy and Natural Resources Law (45 credits). The additional 45 credits of taught modules can be in this area or can be unrelated and therefore selected from the full list of LLM available modules.

All modules are 22.5 credits unless otherwise stated below.

Note: Not all of the modules listed will be available in any one year and semesters listed can be subject to change. Any modules not available in the forthcoming academic session will be marked as soon as this information is confirmed by teaching academics.

The updated module list below represents the result of our ongoing modularisation of the LLM which is intended to offer students greater flexibility and choice of module options.


◦ QLLM055 International Environmental Law (45 credits)
◦ QLLM058 International Law of the Sea (45 credits)
◦ QLLM080 Multinational Enterprises and the Law (45 credits)
◦ QLLM096 Climate Change Law and Policy (45 credits) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM097 International Natural Resources Law (45 credits)
◦ QLLM098 European Environmental Law (45 credits) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM152 International Energy Transactions (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM153 International Arbitration and Energy (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM154 International Regulation and Governance of Energy (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM179 International and Comparative Petroleum Law and Contracts (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM304 Mining and Natural Resources (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM314 Transnational Law and Governance (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM315 Transnational Law and Governance in Practice (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM379 Energy Law: Renewable and Nuclear (sem 2)
◦ QLLM380 Energy Economics: A Legal Perspective (sem 1)
◦ QLLM381 Energy Economics: Applied Analysis (sem 2)
◦ QLLM382 Energy Law and Ethics (sem 1)
◦ QLLM383 / QLLG008 International Regulation of Shipping (sem 1)
◦ QLLM384 Law of the Sea, Navigational Freedoms and Practice (sem 2)
◦ QLLM388 Trade, Climate Change and Energy: EU and International Perspectives (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM391 International Construction Contracts and Dispute Resolution (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM397 Investment Treaty Arbitration (sem 1)
◦ QLLM398 Investment Arbitration: Substantive Protection (sem 2)
◦ QLLM400 United States Energy Law, Regulation and Policy (sem 1)

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With globalisation international law is becoming increasingly important and this course prepares you for your future career in the international arena. Read more
With globalisation international law is becoming increasingly important and this course prepares you for your future career in the international arena. Our LLM is one of the oldest and most popular courses in international law in London. It attracts students from every nationality and background, not only those who have previously studied law, but also those with a degree in political science, international relations, economics or other relevant discipline. This creates a uniquely vibrant and stimulating learning environment in which to study international Law.

The LLM International Law is linked to our Research Group, International Law at Westminster, which regularly organises public events on topical issues: we recently organised panels and conferences on nuclear proliferation, torture, and citizenship deprivation. We encourage all our students to get involved in the activities of the center so that they can build contacts with leading professionals. Our location, just off Regent Street also puts you within easy reach of all the main legal and political insitutions and organisations giving you fantastic networking opportunities.

Every year, the Oxford University Press Prize is awarded to the best LLM International Law student.

Course content

The course will enhance your understanding of the key principles of public international law, the main developments within the public international law framework and the process of globalisation and its significance for international law.

Modules

The following modules are indicative of what you will study on this course.

Core modules
-DISSERTATION
-PUBLIC INTERNATIONAL LAW

Option modules*
-INTERNATIONAL AND EUROPEAN REFUGEE LAW
-INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE LAW
-INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS LAW
-INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
-INTERNATIONAL LAW AND DEVELOPMENT
-INTERNATIONAL LAW OF THE SEA
-PEACEFUL SETTLEMENT OF INTERNATIONAL DISPUTES
-RESEARCH THEORY AND PRACTICE
-UNITED NATIONS LAW
-INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL LAW

Associated careers

On completion of the course, you will be able to specialise in a wide range of careers or academia. Graduates have worked for organisations such as Amnesty International, the United Nations, or in legal departments within international organisations and governments. There are also opportunities for further research or teaching.

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Climate change is a universal problem with far reaching consequences for all governments, industry, societies and individuals. Read more
Climate change is a universal problem with far reaching consequences for all governments, industry, societies and individuals. The LLM in Environmental Law examines all the political and legal issues concerning environmental protection, climate change policies, natural resources law, with an overarching emphasis on the impact of gas and oil.

The LLM in Environmental Law is an interdisciplinary programme, encompassing legal, political and human rights issues of environmental protection, whilst drawing on expertise from colleagues in other Queen Mary departments, including geography, human rights and physics.

Your fellow students will come from the UK and more than 80 other countries, each able to draw on prior academic and in many cases professional experiences from different jurisdictions to enrich discussion and debate in class.

Modules:

To specialise in this area, you must select 90 credits of modules from this list and do your compulsory dissertation in the field of Environmental Law (45 credits). The additional 45 credits of taught modules can be in this area or can be unrelated and therefore selected from the full list of LLM available modules.

All modules are 22.5 credits unless otherwise stated below.

Note: Not all of the modules listed will be available in any one year and semesters listed can be subject to change. Any modules not available in the forthcoming academic session will be marked as soon as this information is confirmed by teaching academics.

The updated module list below represents the result of our ongoing modularisation of the LLM which is intended to offer students greater flexibility and choice of module options.


◦ QLLM055 International Environmental Law (45 credits)
◦ QLLM058 International Law of the Sea (45 credits)
◦ QLLM096 Climate Change Law and Policy (45 credits) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM097 International Natural Resources Law (45 credits)
◦ QLLM098 European Environmental Law (45 credits) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM155 Principles of Regulation (Sem1)
◦ QLLM379 Energy Law: Renewable and Nuclear (sem 2)
◦ QLLM380 Energy Economics: A Legal Perspective (sem 1)
◦ QLLM381 Energy Economics: Applied Analysis (sem 2)
◦ QLLM382 Energy Law and Ethics (sem 1)
◦ QLLM383 / QLLG008 International Regulation of Shipping (sem 1)
◦ QLLM384 Law of the Sea, Navigational Freedoms and Practice (sem 2)
◦ QLLM400 United States Energy Law, Regulation and Policy (sem 1)

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Your programme of study. Read more

Your programme of study

Are you interested in where we source our future energy and how we protect what we have now and in the future? Do you have environmental concerns about how energy is extracted and what regulation is in place to prevent damage to the environment?  This programme focuses on two main interlinked areas within energy management of politics and law.  Within the political setting you understand regulation as you do in the legal setting but you look at policies, regulation and interdependencies and relationships globally to understand how risk, security and future policy may alter and how this then translates in law. There is a heightened senses of awareness now within energy and climate and an increased sense of urgency about pollution controls and concerns about energy reserves.  This is set within a volatile political and social environment in many countries some of whom supply energy globally. You look at historical oil crisis, security, and politics and you connect this to environmental regulation systems, and the different legal systems and approaches in law.

This programme gives you a wide breadth of skills and knowledge in an essential area of the energy industry, both upstream and downstream, commercial and domestic globally. You are taught in the energy capital of Europe in Aberdeen city, home to a multitude of FTSE 100 companies from the energy industry and you learn from both its learning's and that of academics who follow it closely at Aberdeen. There is a lot of historic case law and knowledge gained from the energy industry which has influenced energy law over time and much of it has related to the tightening of mechanisms and regulation to prevent environmental damage from occurring. There are also economic influences on the energy industry which can rapidly alter the economics of countries when suppliers change prices, lower or raise production or change group agreements. Even within the domestic market energy suppliers continue to influence the prices we pay for our domestic energy which can in turn affect domestic economics within countries.

You can work as a lawyer or regulator across the supply chain from source to domestic energy or you can work as a consultant or advisor within policy. Within the energy industry itself you can be a vital part of project initiation in understanding policy, guidance, risks and laws to support growth alongside social and legal responsibility to ensure integrity in all areas of energy extraction.

Courses listed for the programme

Compulsory

Energy Politics

Introduction to Energy Economics

Optional

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law

Oil and Gas Law

Semester 2

Compulsory

International Energy Security

Optional

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Nuclear Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage

Downstream Energy Law

Semester 3 

Compulsory

Energy Politics and Law Project

Find out more detail by visiting the programme web page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/degree-programmes/72/energy-politics-and-law/

Why study at Aberdeen?

  • You are taught by academics with a strong knowledge of the industry from energy to renewable policy research. Aberdeen is situated at the heart of the European oil and gas industry
  • We have developed an international reputation as a centre for academic excellence and political research
  • You get specific expertise in the Middle East, Latin America, North and South Asia, Nordic countries, Europe and the UK

Where you study

  • University of Aberdeen
  • Full Time or Part Time
  • 12 Months or 24 Months
  • September start

International Student Fees 2017/2018

Find out about fees:

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/tuition-fees-and-living-costs-287.php

*Please be advised that some programmes have different tuition fees from those listed above and that some programmes also have additional costs.

Scholarships

View all funding options on our funding database via the programme page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/finance-funding-1599.php

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/funding/

Living in Aberdeen

Find out more about:

  • Your Accommodation
  • Campus Facilities
  • Aberdeen City
  • Student Support
  • Clubs and Societies

Find out more about living in Aberdeen:

https://abdn.ac.uk/study/student-life

Living costs

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/finance.php



Read less
Your programme of study. Regulation of energy is a complex area covering everything across the supply chain. It is also fraught with controversy and advocates attempting to clean up the environment, often providing high profile press when things aren't seen as socially responsible. Read more

Your programme of study

Regulation of energy is a complex area covering everything across the supply chain. It is also fraught with controversy and advocates attempting to clean up the environment, often providing high profile press when things aren't seen as socially responsible. Energy law is a specialist area which is mainly concerned with the huge risks involved in extracting energy within wild and remote environments and dealing with waste products, removal of facilities, implementation of new facilities and operations with environment at the forefront of business operations. There are huge implications for corporate and social responsibility and the energy industry sees it as imperative that they get their regulation and responsibilities right. The negative effects of getting regulation wrong can be hugely costly and very damaging to reputation in a highly regulated and safety conscious industry.

The ability to manage the business through change without loosing time and money and understanding how to work with regulation from government level can be a challenge, especially when business does not follow a straight line of growth. You not only learn the law in terms of energy and environment but you also cover downstream regulation to customer supplies and renewable energy areas which you may also be involved with if you work for a large multinational for example. Many people are not aware of just how much work goes into getting regulation right for company and government and how much potential there is to save the environment from unnecessary practices which put all at risk. In this respect this is a very rewarding subject to study and work in if you are interested in environment and regulation.

Energy Law is an environmental range of laws specifically aligned to exploitation of minerals. Throughout the process you will learn about all the regulatory requirements within the supply chain from extraction to supply. Aberdeen is at the heart of the energy industry and you will benefit from industry networks and regulators situated in the city. This will give you a really good perspective and insight into the discipline and how it is transferred to employment in the energy industry internationally.

Courses listed for the programme

Semester 1

Critical Legal Thinking and Scholarship

Optional Courses

Oil and Minerals for Good

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law

Oil and Gas Law

Semester 2

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Nuclear Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage

Corporate Environmental Liability

International Investment Arbitration in the Energy Sector

Semester 3

Master of Law Dissertation

Find out more detail by visiting the programme web page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/degree-programmes/929/energy-law-with-dissertation/

Why study at Aberdeen?

  • The demand for energy lawyers continues within current and new industry areas internationally
  • You are taught by experts with practical application of theory and close links to regulators and industry in the city
  • Aberdeen is situated at the heart of the European industry, it is an energy city with FTSE 100 multinationals located here
  • The School of Law is ranked in the top 10 in the UK (Complete University Guide 2018)

Where you study

  • University of Aberdeen
  • Full Time or Part Time
  • 12 Months or 24 Months
  • September or January

International Student Fees 2017/2018

Find out about fees:

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/tuition-fees-and-living-costs-287.php

*Please be advised that some programmes have different tuition fees from those listed above and that some programmes also have additional costs.

Scholarships

View all funding options on our funding database via the programme page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/finance-funding-1599.php

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/funding/

Living in Aberdeen

Find out more about:

  • Your Accommodation
  • Campus Facilities
  • Aberdeen City
  • Student Support
  • Clubs and Societies

Find out more about living in Aberdeen:

https://abdn.ac.uk/study/student-life

Living costs

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/finance.php

You may also be interested in:

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/degree-programmes/928/energy-and-environmental-law-with-professional-skills/



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Your programme of study. If you are fascinated by protecting the environment across all areas that impact our ability to provide a clean environment in the sea/water, earth/soil and air and you are interestd regulation of harmful pollutant effects on all life on this planet this programme will really interest you. Read more

Your programme of study

If you are fascinated by protecting the environment across all areas that impact our ability to provide a clean environment in the sea/water, earth/soil and air and you are interestd regulation of harmful pollutant effects on all life on this planet this programme will really interest you. You could decide to work for an energy company or any industry within its environmental regulation and protection area whilst it grows and trades or you could be the regulator and work in central government. You could also work for NGOs and activist organisations such as Client Earth to clean up industries that appear to be affecting our potential future life on earth or consultants assisting individuals and groups to seek environmental justice.

The programme is ideally situated in the heart of the energy industry in Aberdeen City where regulators and energy providers work alongside. For the wide ranging environmental aspect you also benefit from highly protected environments nearby such as National Parks and restrictions on planning and development specifically to protect environment. In every day life you can be assured that there will be a constant demand for your skills as a consultant to work with business, groups and individuals to protect environment with the 'Polluter Pays' principle in terms of protecting basic rights relating to environment. There are many instances where our environment needs protecting in our daily lives from poor planning decisions to poorly regulated polluters.

At Aberdeen you get a full range of experts in energy law, drawing from historical and close links with the energy industry in the city and environmental law experts covering renewables, corporate environmental responsibility, and regulation.

Courses listed for the programme

Introduction

All students must take to LS50xx courses

Compulsory

Critical Legal Thinking and Scholarship

Optional

International Energy and Environmental Law

Oil and Minerals for Good

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law 

Semester 2

Optional

Principles of Environmental Regulation

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Nuclear Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage

Corporate Environmental Liability

Downstream Energy Law

Semester 3

Energy and Environmental Law Professional Skills

Find out more detail by visiting the programme web page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/degree-programmes/928/energy-and-environmental-law-with-professional-skills/

Why study at Aberdeen?

  • Aberdeen is an ideal city to study energy and environmental law due to energy industry connections in the city
  • You are taught by wide ranging experts and you gain first hand experience of practise in your specialism at Aberdeen
  • Law is ranked in the top 10 at Aberdeen (Complete University Guide 2018)
  • Increasing development, demands upon environment and pollution highlight employability in this discipline is growing

Where you study

  • University of Aberdeen
  • 12 or 24 months
  • Full Time or Part Time
  • September or January

International Student Fees 2017/2018

Find out about fees:

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/tuition-fees-and-living-costs-287.php

*Please be advised that some programmes have different tuition fees from those listed above and that some programmes also have additional costs.

Scholarships

View all funding options on our funding database via the programme page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/finance-funding-1599.php

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/funding/

Living in Aberdeen

Find out more about:

  • Your Accommodation
  • Campus Facilities
  • Aberdeen City
  • Student Support
  • Clubs and Societies

Find out more about living in Aberdeen:

https://abdn.ac.uk/study/student-life

Living costs

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/finance.php



Read less
Your programme of study. If you are fascinated by protecting the environment across all areas that impact pollution control and health of all living things in sea/water, earth/soil and air this programme will be of real interest to you. Read more

Your programme of study

If you are fascinated by protecting the environment across all areas that impact pollution control and health of all living things in sea/water, earth/soil and air this programme will be of real interest to you. You understand how to regulate and control harmful pollutant effects on all life on this planet and you learn how to ensure the polluter pays. You could decide to work for an energy company or any industry within its environmental regulation and protection area.

There is a balance of growth and just how harmful that growth can be without regulation and control. You could be the regulator and work in central government or local government or you could be the gatekeeper to pollution control to ensure it complies with regulation for your company. You could also work for NGOs and activist organisations such as Client Earth to clean up industries that appear to be affecting our potential future life on earth or consultants assisting individuals and groups to seek environmental justice.

The programme is ideally situated in the heart of the energy industry in Aberdeen City where regulators and energy providers work alongside. For the wide ranging environmental aspect you also benefit from highly protected environments nearby such as National Parks and restrictions on planning and development specifically to protect environment. In every day life you can be assured that there will be a constant demand for your skills as a consultant to work with business, groups and individuals to protect environment with the 'Polluter Pays' principle in terms of protecting basic rights relating to environment. There are many instances where our environment needs protecting in our daily lives from poor planning decisions to poorly regulated polluters.

At Aberdeen you get a full range of experts in energy law, drawing from historical and close links with the energy industry in the city and environmental law experts covering renewables, corporate environmental responsibility, and regulation. This programme differs from the other University of Aberdeen programme as you deliver a research project in the form of dissertation rather than professional skills. 

Courses listed for the programme

Semester 1

Introduction: All students must take two LS50xx and LS55xx courses

Compulsory

Critical Legal Thinking and Scholarship

Optional

Oil and Minerals for Good

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law

Semester 2

Optional

Principles of Environmental Regulation

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Nuclear Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage

Corporate Environmental Liability

Downstream Energy Law

Semester 3

Master of Law Dissertation

Find out more detail by visiting the programme web page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/degree-programmes/926/energy-and-environmental-law-with-dissertation/

Why study at Aberdeen?

  • Aberdeen is an ideal city to study energy and environmental law due to energy industry connections in the city
  • You are taught by wide ranging experts and you gain first hand experience of practise in your specialism at Aberdeen
  • Law is ranked in the top 10 at Aberdeen (Complete University Guide 2018)
  • Increasing development, demands upon environment and pollution highlight employability in this discipline is growing

Where you study

  • University of Aberdeen
  • 12 Months Full Time or 24 Months Part Time
  • September or January start

International Student Fees 2017/2018

Find out about fees:

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/tuition-fees-and-living-costs-287.php

*Please be advised that some programmes have different tuition fees from those listed above and that some programmes also have additional costs.

Scholarships

View all funding options on our funding database via the programme page

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/postgraduate-taught/finance-funding-1599.php

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/funding/

Living in Aberdeen

Find out more about:

  • Your Accommodation
  • Campus Facilities
  • Aberdeen City
  • Student Support
  • Clubs and Societies

Find out more about living in Aberdeen:

https://abdn.ac.uk/study/student-life

Living costs

https://www.abdn.ac.uk/study/international/finance.php

Other Programmes you may be interested in:   

International Energy and Environmental Law



Read less
Your programme of study. Regulation of energy is a complex area covering everything across the supply chain. It is also fraught with controversy and advocates attempting to clean up the environment, often providing high profile press when things aren't seen as socially responsible. Read more

Your programme of study

Regulation of energy is a complex area covering everything across the supply chain. It is also fraught with controversy and advocates attempting to clean up the environment, often providing high profile press when things aren't seen as socially responsible. Energy law is a specialist area which is mainly concerned with the huge risks involved in extracting energy within wild and remote environments and dealing with waste products, removal of facilities, implementation of new facilities and operations with environment at the forefront of business operations. There are huge implications for corporate and social responsibility and the energy industry sees it as imperative that they get their regulation and responsibilities right. The negative effects of getting regulation wrong can be hugely costly and very damaging to reputation in a highly regulated and safety conscious industry.

The ability to manage the business through change without loosing time and money and understanding how to work with regulation from government level can be a challenge, especially when business does not follow a straight line of growth. You not only learn the law in terms of energy and environment but you also cover downstream regulation to customer supplies and renewable energy areas which you may also be involved with if you work for a large multinational for example. Many people are not aware of just how much work goes into getting regulation right for company and government and how much potential there is to save the environment from unnecessary practices which put all at risk. In this respect this is a very rewarding subject to study and work in if you are interested in environment and regulation.

Energy Law is an environmental range of laws specifically aligned to exploitation of minerals. Throughout the process you will learn about all the regulatory requirements within the supply chain from extraction to supply. Aberdeen is at the heart of the energy industry and you will benefit from industry networks and regulators situated in the city. This will give you a really good perspective and insight into the discipline and how it is transferred to employment in the energy industry internationally.

Courses listed for the programme

Semester 1

Introduction

Compulsory

Critical Legal Thinking and Scholarship

Optional

Oil and Minerals for Good

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law

Oil and Gas Law

International Energy and Environmental Law

Semester 2

Optional

Principles of Environmental Regulation

Corporate Environmental Liability

Downstream Energy Law

Low Carbon Energy Transition: Nuclear Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage

International Investment Law and Arbitration in the Energy Sector

Semester 3

Compulsory

Energy Law Professional Skills



Read less
The International Community increasingly faces the task of addressing a plethora of environmental challenges. Read more
The International Community increasingly faces the task of addressing a plethora of environmental challenges. The LLM Environmental law provides an insight into the international legal response to these various challenges which include global warming, ozone layer depletion, the over-exploitation by mankind of wildlife species and the destruction of vital habitat sites.

Many environmental problems require an international response. This course aims to provide the student with an insight into international environmental law with a focus on the general themes and principles in this area, the law relating to the protection of biodiversity, and that which endeavours to prevent or at least minimise the impact of transfrontier pollution.

The modules taught on this course cover a wide range of issues of contemporary relevance. The underlying purpose is to provide a solid grounding in the basic principles of European Community and international environmental law as applied in a particular context.

How has international environmental law evolved historically? Who are the main actors in the field? What key principles underpin regulation? What do we mean by the pursuit of “sustainable development”? How is the law in this area enforced? Treaty regimes explored include those relating to acid deposition, climate change, ozone layer depletion, nuclear contamination and freshwater pollution. In addition, an insight will be given to the various treaty regimes that seek to address the continuing pressures on the world’s biodiversity. For example, how is commercial whaling now regulated? What system is in place to regulate trade in endangered species? What of the protection of wetlands, Antarctica, world heritage and of migratory species?

Modern techniques of environmental regulation are also addressed, such as the funding mechanisms for international environmental treaties (e.g. Biodiversity Convention, Ozone Layer Convention) and the procedural requirement for environmental impact assessment of certain activities under international and European Community law.

Since its introduction in 1987, our LLM programme has continued to grow in popularity and prestige. Offering a wide and diverse range of over 50 options, the programme now attracts some 150 to 180 candidates each year, from more than 50 countries, confirming its status as one of the leading and most exciting LLM programmes available.

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This interdisciplinary programme is designed to provide an opportunity to explore the interplay between scientific knowledge and law. Read more
This interdisciplinary programme is designed to provide an opportunity to explore the interplay between scientific knowledge and law. You may take courses that address the international legal response to the growing number of pressures on the global environment, and complement these by studying a variety of courses designed to give an introduction to physical and/or biological sciences.

Climate change, acid rain, biodiversity conservation, species extinction, contaminated land - these are but a few of the environmental issues that constitute headline news today. Modules offered by the School of Law are designed to give a wider understanding of EC and international law perspectives on environmental problems that frequently can only be addressed through regional or international regulation. How has international environmental law evolved historically? Who are the main actors in the field? What key principles underpin regulation? What do we mean by the pursuit of “sustainable development”? How is the law in this area enforced?

Treaty regimes explored include those relating to acid deposition, climate change, ozone layer depletion, nuclear contamination and freshwater pollution. In addition, an insight will be given to the various treaty regimes that seek to address the continuing pressures on the world’s biodiversity. For example, how is commercial whaling now regulated? What system is in place to regulate trade in endangered species? What of the protection of wetlands, Antarctica, world heritage and of migratory species?

The scientific element of the programme is designed to provide a background in biological and/or physical sciences, and also an understanding of relevant mathematical and computer science to facilitate a quantitative understanding of environmental issues.

Addressing these issues to ensure a clean and healthy environment for the enjoyment of future generations is one of the greatest challenges for environmental science and law.

Key facts

The School of Law is rated as ‘internationally outstanding’ (Grade 5A on a scale of 1-5) for its research and as ‘Excellent’ for its teaching quality.
The School enjoys important professional relationships with international institutions; leading firms in the City of London and the provinces; private industry and consultancies; and non-governmental organisations.
The School of Biosciences is one of the largest and strongest Schools of its kind in the UK.
It has consistently achieved high ratings in independent UK assessments of both research and teaching quality, receiving an RAE grade of 5A and 23/24 in the latest Teaching Quality Assessment.
The Sutton Bonington Campus is a self-contained, 16-hectare site in the beautiful countryside of South Nottinghamshire and it offers a number of dedicated facilities applicable to this course.

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In a competitive job market, a Master’s Degree can help you stand out from the crowd. Studying for the International Law LLM will enable you to engage in deeper study and engage in critical discourse in the legal subject area. Read more

In a competitive job market, a Master’s Degree can help you stand out from the crowd. Studying for the International Law LLM will enable you to engage in deeper study and engage in critical discourse in the legal subject area. This course is ideal for those who want to work for international organisations, NGOs and governments.

The course includes modules on Public and Private International Law, Legal Research Methods, and a dissertation module. There are also several optional modules, such as Global Intellectual Property Rights, International Criminal Law, and the Law and Practice of International Trade.

You will receive a structured induction programme preparing you for the demands of the course. Methods of teaching, learning and assessment are designed to enable you to acquire the knowledge, skills and competencies required by the course. This reflects both the varying nature of the material studied and your different learning styles and strengths. You will be required to complete a dissertation on a subject of your choice and are assigned a dissertation supervisor.

Graduates include lawyers and civil servants in countries such as the Gambia, Nigeria, Vietnam, Thailand, Kazakhstan and the UAE. Examples of dissertations submitted by students in this area include; ‘A critical appraisal of the international legal framework for nuclear disarmament’, ‘The principles of sovereignty and national self-determination in international law’, ‘The doctrine of self-defence under the UN Charter and under customary international law’, as well as topics relating to international criminal law.

The course also provides an ideal foundation for those intending to pursue PhDs.



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This course is particularly suitable for people who work for regulatory bodies, whether in legal departments or as field or enforcement officers, environmental consultants, planners, solicitors, barristers, those who work in regulated industries, such as waste or water, and academics. Read more

About the course

This course is particularly suitable for people who work for regulatory bodies, whether in legal departments or as field or enforcement officers, environmental consultants, planners, solicitors, barristers, those who work in regulated industries, such as waste or water, and academics.
•Informa
This course is delivered in partnership with Informa Professional Academy, an organisation dedicated to working with leading academic bodies to provide high-calibre and well respected distance learning postgraduate courses
•Develop your own personal pathway
This course combines one core module with a diverse range of optional modules
•Study at your own pace
Enjoy flexible distance learning, with the option to exit at one of several points with a postgraduate award
•Differentiate yourself in the job market
Gain a competitive edge by increasing your knowledge of Environmental law
•Boost your employability
Improve your career and employability options in a globalised job market

Course modules

The Environment and Legal Control – in this module you will look at the historical development of the legal regulation of the environment. You will further examine the UK and EU legal systems in which environmental law is framed and gain an understanding of use of civil penalties in an environmental law context.

You will also select elective modules which might include:
•Atmospheric Pollution Law
•Biodiversity Impact and Nature Conservation Law
•Environmental Assessment
•Environmental Permitting & Climate Change
•International Environmental Law
•Law of Environmental Crime
•Law of Health and Safety
•Light Pollution Law
•Negotiated Study
•Noise Pollution Law
•Planning Law
•Waste Management and Contaminated Land
•Water Pollution Law
•Nuclear Law

Dissertation
You must also undertake a dissertation, providing an invaluable opportunity to work in depth on a particular aspect of the law. You will need to apply and enhance your technical knowledge and critical awareness in a subject of your choice. In order to obtain the LLM in Environmental Law and Practice it is necessary to write a dissertation with an environmental law theme.

Teaching and assessment

The LLM is studied by distance learning and is fully assessed by coursework and a dissertation. The distance learning mode involves optional attendance at Leicester De Montfort Law School, for a maximum of ten Saturday study days during the period of study. The course is structured in a way that allows you to exit at one of several points, if desired, each with a postgraduate award.

Graduate careers

This career development course equips you to enter legal and other work relating to the operation and regulation of businesses, both in the UK and overseas.

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This course is particularly suitable for people who work for regulatory bodies, whether in legal departments or as field or enforcement officers, environmental consultants, planners, solicitors, barristers, those who work in regulated industries, such as waste or water, and academics. Read more

About the course

This course is particularly suitable for people who work for regulatory bodies, whether in legal departments or as field or enforcement officers, environmental consultants, planners, solicitors, barristers, those who work in regulated industries, such as waste or water, and academics.
•Informa
This course is delivered in partnership with Informa Professional Academy, an organisation dedicated to working with leading academic bodies to provide high-calibre and well respected distance learning postgraduate courses
•Develop your own personal pathway
This course combines one core module with a diverse range of optional modules
•Study at your own pace
Enjoy flexible distance learning, with the option to exit at one of several points with a postgraduate award
•Differentiate yourself in the job market
Gain a competitive edge by increasing your knowledge of Environmental law
•Boost your employability
Improve your career and employability options in a globalised job market

Environmental Law modules:

The Environment and Legal Control – in this module you will look at the historical development of the legal regulation of the environment. You will further examine the UK and EU legal systems in which environmental law is framed and gain an understanding of use of civil penalties in an environmental law context.

You will also select elective modules which might include:
•Atmospheric Pollution Law
•Biodiversity Impact and Nature Conservation Law
•Environmental Assessment
•Environmental Permitting & Climate Change
•International Environmental Law
•Law of Environmental Crime
•Law of Health and Safety
•Light Pollution Law
•Negotiated Study
•Noise Pollution Law
•Planning Law
•Waste Management and Contaminated Land
•Water Pollution Law
•Nuclear Law

Dissertation
You must also undertake a dissertation, providing an invaluable opportunity to work in depth on a particular aspect of the law. You will need to apply and enhance your technical knowledge and critical awareness in a subject of your choice. In order to obtain the LLM in Environmental Law and Practice it is necessary to write a dissertation with an environmental law theme.

Note: All modules are subject to change in order to keep content current.

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The Master in Middle Eastern Studies (MIMES) is specifically tailored for graduates of various disciplines and backgrounds, who are interested in obtaining a better knowledge of the Middle East region, taking into account its social-historical complexity and cultural plurality. Read more
The Master in Middle Eastern Studies (MIMES) is specifically tailored for graduates of various disciplines and backgrounds, who are interested in obtaining a better knowledge of the Middle East region, taking into account its social-historical complexity and cultural plurality. The program aims to offer solid historical, political and institutional perspectives of the current domestic, regional and international dynamics affecting the stability of the region, as well as a critical outlook on current debates over the Middle East.

Learning objectives

MIMES aims to guide students across this diverse and fascinating region, which, since decades, is at the center of the geostrategic interest of the international system. The program mainly focuses on the contemporary period, through a multi-disciplinary approach ranging over international relations, geopolitics, conflicts and security, economy and energy. Nonetheless, specific sections are devoted to the analysis of the historical and religious foundations of the modern Middle East, from the birth of Islam to the evolution of Islamic thought, law and economy. A dedicated course will offer a linguistic analysis of the political and juridical terminology and a glossary in Arabic. MIMES analyses in details infra-regions and inter-regions peculiarities and relations, from Maghreb to Central-Southern Asia, encouraging a comparative and holistic area studies approach.

Career opportunities & professional recognition

MIMES provides graduate students with a detailed, comprehensive knowledge of the wider Middle East, beneficial to under-take a number of different careers, consistently with their previous training and experience, within international institutions, private companies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), research centers and area studies, media networks, etc.

Curriculum

The Master in Middle Eastern Studies is articulated in five complementary levels, fostering multidimensional training and cross-fertilization, integrating scientific methodologies and operative competences.

1st level - Propaedeutic Phase: history, power and institution. The conceptual foundation of the Middle East
● Methodological introduction: debates on the Middle East
● History of the Middle East
● Religion, society and thought in the Islamic Middle East
● Islamic law and economy
● Study of political and juridical terminology - glossary in Arabic
● Middle East within the 20th century international order

2nd level - In-depth Analytical Phase: sub-regional contexts
● Maghreb
● Mashreq
● Sub-Saharan Africa
● South-West Asia and the Gulf
● Central-Southern Asia

3rd level - Thematic and Contemporary Issues
● Politics in contemporary Middle East and the current International Relations context
● Global security: jihadism, violent activism, conflicts and nuclear proliferation
● Post-conflict institution-building and human security
● Gender, ethno-religious diversity and pluralism in the Middle East
● Energy and geopolitics of resources
● Contemporary economic trends

4th level - Project Work
Students are required to develop a personal research project on a topic related to Middle Eastern affairs, under the supervision of a MIMES professor and/or a professional from a partner institution. The project work will often be connected to the internship experience.

5th level - Internship
The Master is completed with an internship in Italy or abroad within an institution whose mission and activities are consistent with the Master’s program. This gives students the invaluable opportunity to test and strengthen the competencies acquired during the Master and it usually lasts three months. As an alternative, students who do not carry out an internship may choose to attend an Arabic language course. Students will receive support and tutoring for their internship research.

Faculty & teaching staff

The Master in Middle Eastern Studies offers high quality training to students from all over the world. They will take part in team projects with the guidance of important scholars and leading professionals from the Middle East as well as from Europe and the U.S.

Faculty:
● Prof. Riccardo Redaelli - MIMES Director
● Prof. Paolo Branca - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
● Dr. Marina Calculli - American University, Beirut
● Prof. Massimo Campanini - Università degli Studi di Trento
● Prof. Martino Diez - Fondazione OASIS and Università Cattoli- ca del Sacro Cuore
● Prof. Wael Faruq - American University, Cairo
● Prof. Ersilia Francesca - Università degli Studi di Napoli l’Orientale
● Prof. Elisa Giunchi - Università degli Studi di Milano
● Prof. Mehran Kamrava - Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service
● Prof. Bahgat Korany - American University, Cairo
● Prof. Marco Lombardi - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
● Prof. Maurizio Martellini - Landau Network Centro Volta and Insubria Center on International Security
● Prof. Massimo Papa - Università di Roma Tor Vergata
● Prof. Vittorio Emanuele Parsi - Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore
● Prof. Paola Rivetti - Dublin City University
● Prof. Mahmood Sariolghalam - Shahid Beheshti University of Tehran
● Prof. Oktay Tanrisever - Middle East Technical University
● Amb. Roberto Toscano - Barcelona Center for International Affairs
● Mr. Franco Zallio - consultant

ASERI - a center of excellence

This Master has been created thanks to the experience of ASERI in the field of graduate education and training. Università Cattolica’s Graduate School of Economics and International Relations combines quality courses with strong connections to the business world. Courses are taught by academic professors, professionals and leaders from all over the world. The high quality of this training is ensured by the presence of an international faculty composed by renowned professors and experts, coming from both Middle East and US/EU universities and research centers.

Theory & practice

The strong theoretical basis is combined with a solid knowledge of the contemporary issues, in order to provide students’ with a specific understanding of one of the most important region in the international scenario and help them to convert their knowledge in professional skills.

A multidisciplinary approach

Thanks to the expertise of its faculty, this innovative program combines several perspectives on the Middle East: international relations, history, economics, law, geopolitics, security and energy. The analysis of the current dynamics, debates and most important topics regarding the role of the Middle East at a regional and international level, as well as dedicated modules on its sub-regions and their peculiarities, are strengthened by the theoretical basis provided during the first part of the program.

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This MA programme is especially designed for those with an interdisciplinary background who wish to more fully comprehend core issues and approaches within International Relations post 9/11. Read more
This MA programme is especially designed for those with an interdisciplinary background who wish to more fully comprehend core issues and approaches within International Relations post 9/11.

At the dawn of a third millennium, the pace of integration among the world’s regions and populations is breathtaking. Powerful forces – the emergence of transnational economies, the lightning speed of global communications, and the movement of peoples, cultures and ideas into new settings – are reshaping notions of citizenship, society and community.

At the same time, however, older religious hatreds, sectarian violence and new fundamentalisms are recasting existing states and disintegrating individual, national and international notions of security. Such dynamics demand that we rethink why we are and where we are today, but also reconsider historical interpretations of past change within and among the world’s regions. To understand the global condition requires a thorough and sensitive understanding of diverse interests, ethnicities and cultures. The purpose of this new postgraduate award in International Relations (IR) is to foster within students a global perspective and encourage a multicultural awareness of contemporary problems.

Why study with us?

IR is a vital and dynamic field of intellectual inquiry that offers an interdisciplinary exploration of human interaction. It is not so much a single discipline; rather it is a study of a particular type of behaviour whose comprehension requires the insight and methods of a number of disciplines. Although your MA is set within a strong political and sociological framework, the course is enhanced through the support of Law, History, and American Studies.

IR provides an opportunity to engage with and adapt to changing international, national and regional realities post 9/11. The security implications of the events of 9/11, and the impact of global developments on everyday lives, are present in the public mind as never before. The Palestinian question, western intervention and civil war in Iraq, nuclear proliferation, international crime and terrorism are just some of the recurrent themes that have taken on a new urgency and demand our attention.

IR develops critical awareness, conceptual understanding, sound research methods, and originality in the application of knowledge. Your MA will provide you with an appropriate set of intellectual skills to enable more informed and effective participation in an ‘ever-changing’ global context. Current social, political and economic globalisation demonstrates the inexorable importance of the ‘international’ and the increased relevance of this knowledge dimension at both academic and practice levels.

Course content

International Relations is a vital and dynamic field of intellectual inquiry that offers an interdisciplinary exploration of human interaction. Students undertaking the course will come from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds and it is not assumed that all students will have similar abilities or skills. It is not our aim to encourage further specialisation along the line of a student’s first degree but rather to complement existing knowledge and build upon transferable capabilities. Overall this is a unique opportunity for graduates both with and without International Relations training to study at a very high level for a postgraduate degree with global relevance.

Our aim is to foster a set of intellectual skills to enable more informed and effective participation in an ‘ever-shrinking’ global society. This goal is to provide a rigorous and intellectually challenging foundation in approaches to the study and practice of international relations while developing an understanding and sensitivity to key issues in diverse areas of the modern world. The MA offers an exciting opportunity for graduates to develop their understanding of international affairs both theoretically and through their own or others’ experience.

Course modules (16/17)

-International Relations Theory: Great Debates, New Directions
-Major Organisations in the International Order
-Methodology and Research Design in International Relations
-The Peoples’ Republic of China: Foreign Policy Dilemmas
-European Integration
-America after 9/11
-The Politics of Latin American Development
-The International Politics of the Post-Soviet Space
-The Politics of Sub-Saharan Africa
-Politics of International Communications
-Dissertation
-The International Relations of the Pacific Rim
-The Political Economy of East African Development
-Comparative Transnational Criminology
-European and International Human Rights
-National Security, Terrorism and The Rule of Law
-Political Economies of International Development
-The Politics of Aid

Methods of Learning

The Master’s award in International Relations is designed to provide a rounded education and broadly based qualification for UK graduates and equivalently qualified foreign students, particularly those who lack an international dimension through their previous study. It is awarded after completion of a mixture of taught courses and a programme of research. The MA lasts at least one year (if taken full time, two years part time), and is to be taken by persons with honours degrees (or equivalent achievement). Also on offer (and commensurate with this standard of education) are advanced short courses leading to Postgraduate Certificates and Postgraduate Diplomas in IR.

In common with all universities, certain elements of the course are compulsory and other elements chosen. To be awarded the MA in International Relations each student must achieve 180 credits at Master’s level (here called CATS (Credit Accumulation and Transfer Scheme)). This includes 40 CATS of compulsory modules in International Theory, 20 CATS of compulsory methodology and research training, and a 60 CATS compulsory dissertation of between 15,000 and 20,000 words. Compulsory modules define the intellectual basis of IR as a multi-disciplinary and interdisciplinary subject while providing a firm foundation in theoretical issues and debates. They also develop the cognitive skills for specialist study and the practical skills for research. You gain the remaining 60 CATS through a wide choice of designated modules. All modules build upon the research and teaching expertise of individual tutors, and cover a wide range of themes in diverse areas of the globe – not just North America and Western Europe but the Middle East, Latin America, China and the Pacific Rim among others. A key aim is to develop a sensitivity and awareness of varied geo-political settings while comprehending the impact of change upon states, societies and individuals. Students are taught to discuss international problems to a high standard while applying the ways of analysis adopted by IR scholars to a range of issues.

We hope all candidates might be encouraged and enthused to achieve the MA. Yet we also recognise that some students may prefer to study in ‘stages’ – funds or time permitting. This is why we provide a named Postgraduate Certificate and a named Postgraduate Diploma. A Postgraduate Diploma in International Relations is available if students successfully complete 120 CATS points but do not complete the 60 CATS dissertation. Alternatively, there is the opportunity to achieve a Postgraduate Certificate in International Relations by successfully gaining 60 CATS points including 40 CATS of IR theory but excluding 20 CATS of methodology/research and of course the 60 CATS dissertation module.

All of this gives you, the student, the added flexibility of opting in or out of awards as personal or financial circumstance change. It gives the added incentive of an identifiable and quantifiable award at each stage of study while consistently encouraging and widening your participation in postgraduate enterprise. This strategy also enables an individual to complete their study within a timescale suitable to their own specific needs. Multiple points of entry (February and September) over a one or two year cycle further facilitate this.

Schedule

At Master’s level study, we aim to encourage student-led debates and exchange of ideas. Modules will typically alternate fortnightly between classes on campus and online learning activities. Each module incorporates a variety of teaching methods in class, including workshops, student presentations and discussions of primary and secondary materials (such as film, images, documentary sources and online resources). Online learning activities include online seminars, discussion boards, podcasts and blogs.

Full-time students get six hours of timetabled contact per week, part-time students have three hours. This does not include individual tutorials or dissertation supervision.

Independent study and assessment time equate to approximately 18 hours per week full time or nine hours part time.

Assessments

Your MA in International Relations is assessed through a variety of types of coursework and the dissertation. Assessment items include essays, literature reviews, presentations and research reports. There are no examinations. All coursework reflects the high level of intellectual demands associated with a taught MA and has the aim of developing a range of oral and written skills. You need to be prepared to commit yourself to substantial reading and thought for successful completion of an MA. This time includes preparation for assignments, seminars and the dissertation element.

Although teaching strategies vary according to individual modules, considerable emphasis is placed upon student-based learning in order to foster effective critical participation and discussion as overall course objectives. This means lectures and tutor-led teaching provide overviews of major theories and themes but the seminar or workshop is where learning is consolidated, exemplified and used in more student-centred contexts.

Modules typically make use of current case study material, video teaching media as well as practical exercises and the more traditional lecture and seminar activities. Tutorials are very important in facilitating and directing the learning of cognitive skills on a personal basis – by working within the context of your individual needs, appropriate goals can be set, for example, in relation to essay preparation and feedback.

At each stage you are encouraged to plan and organise your own learning. This allows greater time to be spent on critical evaluation – so reinforcing and extending your learning experience. Mixed methods of teaching and learning are utilised in seminars to achieve aims and outcomes, including tutor input, structural discussions, small group work, presentations, guided reading of designated course material, and wider reading appropriate to Master’s level. Student-led presentations and small group work develop your transferable skills and enhance your capacity for critical reflection. The academic essay has a central function in every module in allowing you to engage with and reflect upon the key skills required to demonstrate knowledge and understanding in IR. Coursework for all modules, but particularly in methods modules, allows students to acquire skills that they will then use in the dissertation.

Facilities and Special Features

-Strong staff expertise.
-Enthusiastic teaching team providing a supportive atmosphere for research.
-The core modules consider classic texts and the very latest thinking on international theory.
-Focus on the study of distinct global regions not just Europe, North America or the West.
-All students are assigned a personal tutor and will be encouraged to form study groups with colleagues.
-Guest speakers are a feature of this MA.
-Students will find the course team warm and approachable.

Careers

Previous students have used our MA in a variety of ways. It can be a bridge to further study – with several former students having gone on to do a PhD. As a prestigious qualification, it can enhance career opportunities in a wide range of occupations, for example, teachers have used the course to gain curriculum knowledge and career progression. Many students take the course purely because they have enjoyed History as a degree or as a personal interest and wish to pursue the subject further.

Progression to a taught postgraduate course is a path chosen by those wishing to further their careers, those intending to pursue further research and those who seek principally to satisfy their own intellectual interests. Successful completion will lead to the award of MA. This will complement a candidate’s existing qualifications. Additionally, it is envisaged that the programme’s breadth and depth will provide you with a suitable background for careers in public and private sectors where there is a need for international expertise.

The award of MA demonstrates an intellectual flexibility and high level of analytical, written and verbal skills. Increasingly, employers are looking for graduates with skills and knowledge which are not found (or perceived by employers to be found) among many recent graduates. This MA will give you, the graduate, a distinctive product in a highly competitive and expanding graduate employment market. Employers report that a person with a background in International Relations is more likely to find a career in the rapidly changing international environment than a person with another form of postgraduate qualification.

The MA IR thus aims to provide you with a suitable foundation for careers in both private and public sectors where there is a need for international sensitivity. Students wishing to engage in later doctoral research (where we have capacity) or in careers within voluntary organisations, civil and diplomatic service, international organisations, research posts or journalism will particularly benefit from it. We now have excellent links with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, Members of European Parliament and representatives from the United Nations, as well as a number of pressure groups.

In sum, our core purpose is to nurture not only a robust intellectual flexibility but also the high levels of analytical, written and verbal skills attractive to employers from globally focused agencies and business. Our aim is to provide you with an excellent background and competitive edge for further study or a wide variety of careers in an ever-expanding job market.

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