The Specialism in European Union law will be of significant advantage to those who seek to work in professional, public and commercial sectors involving EU law rules and practices. As the influence of the European Union in international governance continues to grow, this specialism should also attract international students seeking to develop a career in research and policy at a global level.
The Specialist LLM in European Union Law provides you with the knowledge, skills and insight required for the practice and application of European Union (EU) law. The City Law School is one of very few Higher Education institutions in the UK offering as broad a range of electives in European Union related legal subjects.
This exciting course will equip you with the fundamentals of European Union law including free movement rules within the EU, EU business regulation, EU public law, EU procedural law, and EU Competition law. Other less common areas, including human rights would also be investigated in the key electives. You will have the opportunity to research novel and developing areas of EU law under the guidance of expert EU law tutors.
As a City Law School student you will benefit from everything the Institution has to offer including the Learning Success department and Lawbore, an online resource designed to help you find the information you need for the course modules. All course modules have online depositories through Moodle.
You will benefit from City, University of London’s extensive library of hard copy and electronic resources, including its comprehensive database of domestic and international caselaw, legislation, treaties and legal periodicals. There are two law-specific libraries – one at the Gray’s Inn campus and one at our Northampton square campus - with individual study spaces and dedicated rooms for group work.
Additionally, we are a short walk away from the British Library and the Law Library of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies.
This course is taught by leading academics as well as visiting practitioners including barristers and solicitors who work in private practice and in legal departments of major companies.
All modules are structured as 10 weekly two-hour seminars which comprise both lectures as well as interactive tutorials. All modules are supported by our online learning platform - Moodle.
Assessment is by way of coursework which comprises 100% of the final mark in each module. Each module carries the same weight in terms of the overall qualification.
You will be allocated a dedicated supervisor for your dissertation who will help you develop a specific topic and provide support in terms of resources, content and structure.
As with all LLM specialisms at City, University of London, you may take either five modules and a shorter dissertation (10,000 words) or four modules and a longer dissertation (20,000 words). All modules are of the same duration and are taught per term (September – December or January – April) rather than the whole academic year. If you take four modules you will take two per term in each term and if you take five modules will have three in one term and two in the other. Dissertations are written during the summer term when there are no classes.
In order to obtain this specialism, you must choose at least three modules from within this specialism and write your dissertation on a subject within the specialism.
Choose from the following 30-credit modules:
For your remaining modules you can choose from more than 50 modules covering a diverse range of subjects.
Graduates with an LLM in European Union Law will be very well-placed to pursue a legal career, which requires in-depth knowledge of European Union law and/or the European Convention on Human Rights.
Many of our graduates enter the legal profession, either in the UK as solicitors or barristers, or in overseas jurisdictions; others find employment in the public sector or in non-governmental agencies and organisations. This course is also particularly helpful for students who wish to work as officials at the European Union or the Council of Europe.
Our European Union Law Postgraduate Diploma/MA is a distance-learning programme covering a wide range of important EU Law topics, such as free movement of goods and people, social policy, external relations and judicial review. You will gain an in-depth and up-to-date knowledge of the most important theoretical and practical aspects of EU law, with particular emphasis on the Treaties of the European Union.
Our European Union Law PG Diploma is structured into three modules broken down into 12 units in total. Each unit comes in the form of hard copy print and as a pdf file via the programme website. The units are designed to be largely self-contained, but recommended and further reading will be suggested. A unit will comprise text, copies of relevant Regulations, Commission Decisions and Notices, Judgments of the General Court and the Court of Justice of the European Union, practical examples, questions and model answers to test your knowledge as you progress.
On the programme website you can view and listen to seminar recordings and access further learning resources to support you in your studies. This website also offers students the opportunity to interact with each other and to post questions for the module leader.
The European Union Law MA is only open to students who have successfully completed the European Union Postgraduate Diploma at Merit level.
This is a distance learning course taught via course-specific printed matter which is despatched from October to March at fortnightly intervals. The PgDip also features two intensive residential weekend seminars (equivalent to 32 hours of contact time) at which programme leaders will lecture and organise group work where appropriate. You are expected to engage in 220 hours of self-study and will be assessed through a combination of coursework and examinations; 70 per cent of the course is assessed by examination and 30 per cent is assessed by coursework.
The follow-up MA is open to students who complete the Diploma at Merit level. It involves the research for and writing of a 12000 -15000 dissertation under supervision from a King’s academic. You are expected to spend at least 110 hours engaged in self-directed study. You are assessed exclusively by marking of your dissertation.
This course is studied by a wide variety of international professionals, including private practive lawyers, in-house councels and representatives from the European institutions. Students who graduate from this course will take a comprehensive and and up-to-date understanding of EU Law into their next career move.
Our English-taught LL.M. programme in European Law is primarily designed for students who wish to develop their understanding and knowledge of European Union law with the intent of pursuing a legal career with a strong international dimension. This Master's offers you a thorough education in European law, including competition law, immigration law, external relations law, judicial protection, human rights law and public international law. During this course, you gain knowledge of both the internal and external markets of the European Union and the position of Europe in the world. Thus, you receive a sound basis for an international legal career as a European law expert.
This programme is not just aimed at students from EU member states. All nations in the world trade and interact with the EU, which has rules and regulations that have to be complied with. Law students from all over the world will therefore benefit from this Master’s programme. You’ll obtain a sound basis for an international legal career as a European law expert.
See the website http://www.ru.nl/masters/europeanlaw
The Master's programme at Radboud University is unique in that it not only provides a thorough understanding of European law in general, but also offers further specialisation. After completing the compulsory courses you can specialise in one of four tracks:
International and European Law Advanced
This track offers a generalist approach with an emphasis on the concepts of European Union law. It gives you the opportunity to acquire an advanced understanding of the core issues of EU law. By participating in the European Law Moot Court students can practice their legal skills at a high level.
Human Rights and Migration Law
Within this track, we combine human rights and immigration law courses, two areas that are among the most important in the European Union today. LL.M. students benefit from the outstanding knowledge and experience of the Centre for Migration Law.
This track offers you the chance to become an expert in the area of European business law. You benefit from the knowledge of the renowned Business and Law Research Centre. This centre combines academic excellence with the practical expertise of major companies and law firms.
European Law and Global Affairs
This specialisation offers a unique multidisciplinary programme combining the study of European law and political science. It focuses on the main challenges facing the EU in the 21st century, and looks at the various legal rules and policy options that may be developed in response.
- Many of our lecturers are also law practitioners. We can therefore not only teach our students the black letter law, but also add our own professional experiences, indicating the strengths and challenges of certain laws or legal instruments.
- You’ll study at a Dutch Law School that is rated number one in the Netherlands for student satisfaction.
- The Faculty of Law in Nijmegen was the first in the Netherlands to start a European Law programme. It has built an international reputation in the field of European law, immigration law and private law and is part of a large network that includes more than fifty universities in Europe, the United States, Asia and Australia.
- The international mix of students gives the classes and project work a multicultural touch. This will give you the extra benefit of gaining multicultural communication skills as well as a multitude of legal and cultural perspectives in this field. By the time you receive your Master's diploma, you’ll have gained excellent skills to work in the Netherlands or in any other country.
- You’ll have the option of doing an internship, although this will require a bit more work. However, an internship will deepen you knowledge of academic skills and will help you start building a network for your future career.
This programme was recently rated number one in the Netherlands in the Keuzegids Masters 2015 (Guide to Master's programmes).
At Radboud University you will not only learn what the law entails, but also why it has come to be this way. And if a different approach might be possible. In this way you will come to a profound understanding of the law. A theoretic study is combined with practical insights to provide a good mix. Many teachers still practice law in one form or another and enrich their lectures with real-life cases. This will broaden your horizon and enhance your perspective as a lawyer.
The Master's programme in Law is tailored to enable students to learn both the general principles and philosophy of law in Europe as well as giving detailed knowledge and skills in specialised areas: European Union and International Law; Law and Technology. The programme enables you to get basic knowledge about private and public law and study and research in detail newer areas of law, such as European Union law, intellectual property law, information and communication law, environmental and planning law, municipal law, e-voting regulation, data protection law, human rights law and other areas.
The faculty – Tallinn Law School (TLS) members, who come from Estonia, Sweden, Ukraine, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Columbia, Australia, India, the UK and the USA, include highly qualified legal academics and well-respected legal practitioners from international law firms (Tark, Grunte and Sutkiene, Glimstedt, MAQS, etc.), public officials, public prosecutors, trial lawyers and judges.
Taught by the Law School’s international faculty, graduates of Tallinn Law School have excellent career prospects in the public and private sectors, at international organisations and European institutions, such as the European Commission, ministries and regulators, patent offices or as corporate lawyers in the rapidly growing high-technology field.
Tallinn Law School
TLS at Tallinn University of Technology is dedicated to providing the finest legal education that can be obtained in the region. The emphasis of our program is on the development of a systematic understanding of law and justice, and of the lawyer’s special obligation to society, as well as the analytical and argumentative skills which are the hallmarks of successful and respected attorneys, judges, and executives. For the most part, our students are taught under a European curriculum by a predominantly European faculty in the best tradition of open-minded, international, liberal, democratic, inquisitive, and critical European thinking.
From the very beginning of their studies, our young lawyers also take a broad range of subjects in international, comparative, and European Union law. At the same time, students can select introductory courses on the laws and legal systems of important trading and political partners, such as the US, Germany, Great Britain, and Russia. As a matter of fact, the range of international, comparative, and European Union law subjects offered regularly places our program amongst the most international law programs in the world.
The graduates of Tallinn Law School have excellent career prospects in their area of specialisation; furthermore, many institutions and law offices frequently turn to us in order to find the best specialists in their fields. Our graduates are working in both the public and private sectors, and are also members of Bar Associations in several countries and have been appointed as judges. There are several graduates with excellent international careers (at the European Bank, the European Commission and the European Court of Justice).
There are professors from the United States, Western Europe and the rest of the world. The professors are highly qualified academics, and well-respected legal practitioners, including public officials, public prosecutors, trial lawyers and judges.
The Institute for European Studies (IES), a Jean Monnet Centre of Excellence in Brussels, offers an outstanding research-focused environment in the heart of Europe. Located close to the main EU institutions, and in proximity to international organisations and law firms, there are excellent networking and internship opportunities. The lES boasts excellent teaching facilities and a modern working space, right next to the amenities of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) Etterbeek campus.
The LLM in International and European law is a postgraduate LLM renowned for its outstanding quality and international character. Hosted right at the heart of the European Union, this Brussels-based LLM (formerly known as “PILC”) has offered excellence in this field for more than 45 years.
The programme is tailored for demanding global career in law, as the professors are nominated specifically for each course in the Programme and are an international mixture of high-ranking practitioners and leading academics.
The courses are exclusively at advanced master (i.e post-graduate) level and the curriculum covers in parallel the essential aspects of international and European law.
We have made special efforts to maintain our tuition as affordable as possible to the students. Small class size ensures a true “family feel” on a global scale.
Our over 1200 PILC alumni are of 108 nationalities.
The LLM in International and European law is an 60 ECTS Advanced Master’s degree obtained in one academic year (from end September until early July)
The programme offers a balanced, versatile package that consists of compulsory and optional courses as well as a Master thesis. The optional courses are Public Law, Business Law, and Data Law. The Data Law option is a new option since the 2018-19 academic year.
Four compulsory courses (18 credits) giving a broad overview of the main topics of international and European law in the first semester:
- EU Institutional Framework and Judicial Protection
- Globalisation, International Law and Sustainable Development
- International and Comparative Law
- EU Economic Law
These courses are accompanied by two compulsory courses (6 credits) which deepen the knowledge and insights in international and European law:
- International and European Protection of Human Rights
- International Economic Law and Organizations
In addition, to help set the mood for the Thesis and to gain experience in teamwork in an international context, you are to team up at the start of the first semester in multinational groups of three to four students to write a joint research paper (for the ‘Globalisation, International Law and Sustainable Development’ course).
In the second semester you will follow the two remaining compulsory courses (6 credits):
- International and EU Competition Law
- EU External Relations
You also need to choose whether to complete the courses offered in the Public Law, Business Law, or Data Law option.
The Public Law option:
The Business Law option:
The Data Law option:
The teaching staff is a unique mixture of renowned EU scholars and top level EU and international law practitioners. They combine academic rigour with the latest practical insights in a context of cultural diversity.
We accept and review applications on a rolling basis, starting 1 October. We recommend prospective students to apply as soon as possible, as the selection will be closed once the full quota of maximum 40 qualifying candidates is reached.
The IES Selection Committee aims at providing a decision within four weeks from receiving all the application documents and letters of reference duly completed. You will receive the decision by e-mail.
For the academic year 2018-2019, IES is able to cap the tuition fee at €5400.
Visit our website for details on how to apply.
All IES students can benefit from career advice, including interview preparation and CV review at the VUB Career Centre. This unique service offered by the VUB in cooperation with Randstad was launched in 2011. Clients of the VUB Career Centre include major law firms, the European Commission, the European Parliament, European Agencies and consultancies. We have over 1200 highly successful alumni who are now working in international institutions such as the European Union, the World Trade Organization, the International Monetary Fund, the United Nations and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, in national administrations, diplomatic services, the judiciary, as well as in major law firms, corporations and NGOs.
Today’s Europe demands lawyers who possess a thorough mastery of European law. The European Union increasingly affects all areas of law and the national legal systems of its member states have reached a high level of integration.
EU law teaches a great deal about the relationship between law and economics, history, politics and international relations. This makes EU law of interest not only to lawyers but also to anyone trying to understand one of the most ambitious attempts to get different states work together.
Our LLM programme in European Law, taught entirely in English, will immerse you in this challenging and dynamic field while opening up many new opportunities to you both during and after the programme. It provides a thorough grounding in European law, covering areas such as internal market law, competition law, social law, judicial protection, refugee law, criminal law and public law.
You can choose from two distinctive tracks within the European Law programme:
Our unique programme will help you build both substantive and institutional knowledge of European law. What is the EU banking union, for example? Why do they say that the EU features democratic deficit and how can we enhance democracy and the rule of law in the EU? Our programme also gives you an opportunity to analyse European law in relation to the legal systems of the member states. How is legal protection afforded in cases where decisions are made by both EU and national enforcement authorities? The flexibility of this programme means that you will be able to focus on areas of personal interest. For example, you may choose to take a specialisation (track) or courses from our other Master’s programmes to create a custom minor and during the third period you can choose from Capital Selecta Modules covering different areas of EU law.
This programme is taught by a team of renowned scholars with extensive professional experience in the field of European law. It is also highly international and welcomes students from all over the world each year.
Learning by doing is key to this programme and, as such, knowledge and understanding gained through theoretical modules is complemented by training in legal analysis, argumentation and research.
Your professors take a supportive role in this self-created, individualised approach to your studies. In the Capita Selecta modules and in your own specialisation, you will be trained in essential skills, such as quickly deepening your knowledge in a current, specialised legal topic. From the very beginning, you will also take part in the Research and Thesis Training that prepares you to write your master’s thesis, the culmination of your LLM programme.
If you have the drive to go the extra mile in your studies, there is – the LLM's Honours Programme – an additional honours programme for the best and most highly motivated students.
Master’s programmes within Utrecht University’s School of Law are based on multidisciplinary research conducted by the Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance. This research takes into account socioeconomic and sociopolitical perspectives, as well as the impact of European law on national laws.
The Master’s in European Law is a rigorous, customisable programme of study that will enable you to develop your academic, practical, writing, and oral skills through a combination of case studies, moot courts, research and visits to European legal and professional organisations. By the end of the programme, you will be able to reflect critically on legal issues and to recognise, understand and analyse the relationship between the laws of member states and the wider European Union. You will gain an excellent foundation for your career of choice, whether you aim to build a career in a law firm or major multinational company or work for a European institution, an international organization or a local or national government.
The LLM International Business and Corporate Law uses the globalised economy as the context for an in-depth study of corporate law. It enables you gain a coherent international and European perspective on corporate and business law, and to examine the strengths and weaknesses of UK corporate law in the global context. Combining core and elective modules, you can explore a wide range of globally and commercially significant issues while developing specialist expertise. The degree is taught by the research-active academics based in our prestigious Law School and offers you the opportunity to engage with teaching staff who are working at the forefront of international research.
Our Law School is home to the Centre for Crime, Law and Justice, the Centre for Law and Society, and the Centre for Child and Family Justice; these influential centres underpin our postgraduate teaching, which is research-led and research-informed.
There are two pathways for the LLM, both of which enable you to pursue your own interests:
Your core modules are Corporations in International Business Law and the LLM Dissertation. The module in Corporations in International Business Law uses the globalised economy as the context for an in-depth study of corporate law. You will have the opportunity to examine the strengths and weaknesses of UK corporate law as judged against international standards. Strong links to practitioners will inform your insights.
The dissertation is an independent, in-depth inquiry into a research topic of your choosing. The topic will link to a key legal question or issue and may also directly relate to your professional/career interests. This is your opportunity to make a contribution to the legal and academic community with new, original research and writing. A dissertation supervisor will provide you with support and introduce you to relevant legal material and research; their personal research interests will closely align with your chosen topic wherever possible.
We pride ourselves on the choice and breadth of elective modules available, offering you access to sought-after expertise in highly-relevant and growing fields such as Intellectual Property Law, European Union Law, The Law of International Organisations and Institutions, Contracts and Companies, and International Environmental Law.
Our teaching approach is international in scope and comparative by nature, and we actively encourage you to build a beneficial network of academics, peers and alumni during your time with us. All of this will help you to broaden your experience, deepen your understanding, and prepare for your next step.
Your postgraduate LLM degree opens doors to a huge range of careers. You will develop the skills required to critically evaluate research relating to international business and corporate law; skills which are highly prized by employers in the UK with international commercial interests, and by international corporations. The analytical and communications skills developed through your studies are a real boost in any sector. The LLM is also an ideal stepping stone to PhD study and academia.
Please note: there’s an option for Law graduates to study this programme with a January start. For more information about this please contact us at [email protected].
You will study a range of modules as part of your course, some examples of which are listed below.
Information contained on the website with respect to modules is correct at the time of publication, but changes may be necessary, for example as a result of student feedback, Professional Statutory and Regulatory Bodies' (PSRB) requirements, staff changes, and new research.
Coursework and dissertation
The LLM (Environmental and Natural Resources Law) is a new programme which takes advantage of a concentration of legal expertise in the field at the School of Law, University College Cork. Academic staff at the Law School currently hold advisory roles with a wide range of Irish and international agencies and organisations, including the European Environment Agency, the Environmental Protection Agency, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, an Bord Pleanála (Irish Planning Board), European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Aquaculture Licences Appeals Board, etc. The LLM programme offers a wide variety of legal topics ranging across traditional areas of environmental law, policy and regulation, as well as planning and land-use law, heritage protection, international environmental law, marine environmental law, natural resources law and human rights law. It aims to prepare graduates for a variety of careers in the broader environmental regulatory space, including in the legal professions, governmental and regulatory agencies, environmental NGOs, compliance roles in industry, academia and environmental consultancy. The LLM seeks to integrate theoretical and practical aspects of the application of environmental and natural resources law, and to connect module content with legal and regulatory frameworks operating locally, nationally, regionally and globally. To the greatest degree possible, the programme is based on flexible workload arrangements, to suit recent law graduates and environmental professionals alike.
Applicants for the LLM (Environmental and Natural Resources Law) Degree also have the option of registering for a Postgraduate Diploma in Environmental and Natural Resources Law. Students take 60 credits of taught masters’ modules from those on offer for the LLM (Environmental and Natural Resources Law). The Postgraduate Diploma can be completed over 9 months full-time or 18 months part-time. Those who wish to apply for the Diploma should contact [email protected] for application details.
This shorter programme may be attractive to legal professionals and others who may prefer not to make an initial commitment to a full master’s programme. Graduates of the Postgraduate Diploma may further progress their studies by completing a 15,000 word research dissertation and graduating with a Masters in Law (LLM).
The LLM (Environmental and Natural Resources Law) offers a wide choice of options, allowing students to take a broad range of diverse modules.
Students must take 60 credits of taught modules, and complete a dissertation of 15,000 words worth 30 credits.
The programme modules include:
Exposure to technical aspects of the application of environmental and natural resources law to marine law is also available to students through optional science-based, non-law modules on GIS, Remote Sensing and Characteristics of the Marine Environment.
In addition, students will have access to selected non-programme but complementary modules, covering such areas as Law of the Sea, International and European Human Rights Law, Corporate Insolvency Law, EU Competition Law, International Refugee Law, International Criminal Law, etc.
The LLM (Environmental and Natural Resources Law) builds on the expertise and reputation of a cohort of dedicated academic researchers in Cork to offer a world-class education in this field. Whether students are (recent) law graduates or other environmental professionals, the programme will provide them with a critical, in-depth theoretical and practical understanding of the key issues arising in environmental and natural resources law, policy and regulation.
Please visit the School of Law website here for up to date information on the programme.
Programme regulations are available in the College Calendar
Please see the Book of Modules for a more detailed description of programme modules.
Additional Teaching Mode Information
The part-time option will be taught during weekday working hours over 2 years.
The course involves a combination of lectures and directed study. Some programme modules (those offered in conjunction with the LLM Marine and Maritime Law, i.e. Marine Environmental Law, Natural Resources Law, International Environmental Law) are scheduled on Fridays and Saturdays, in order to facilitate a flexible workload programme to students, particularly those with a professional career. Others will run on various days of the week throughout the Semester, but will employ Panopto lecture-capture technology (digital recordings made available via Blackboard) in order to maximise workload flexibility and accessibility to students, particularly those with a professional career. Non-programme modules will mainly run throughout the semester and, where possible, will be available through digital recording.
Individual module assessments can be viewed in the Book of Modules. Most programme and non-programme modules are assessed by way of continuous assessment (essays).
Who teaches this course
The teaching staff at UCC specialising in environmental and natural resources law is one of the programmes key strengths. UCC teaching staff on the LLM (Environmental and Natural Resources Law) include: Prof Owen McIntyre, Dr Áine Ryall, Dr Bénédicte Sage-Fuller, Dr Phyllis Comerford, Dr Anne-Marie O’Hagan, Prof Irene Lynch-Fannon, Dr. Bjorn-Oliver Magsig and Dr. Eva Barrett. As a national programme, modules will also have contributions from other Irish academics in the field. UCC School of Law benefits from strong links with key environmental agencies and organisations at the national and international levels, upon which we expect to rely for a full programme of guest speakers. For a full list of school members see the School of Law website here
This programme aims to equip graduates to participate and excel in any aspect of professional engagement with environmental and natural resources law, policy or regulation, and to develop a rewarding career in this field with, for example, the legal professions, governmental and regulatory agencies, industry, NGOs or academia. The programme adopts a global perspective, with a focus on international and comparative law and on the techniques of environmental regulation, which are universal in their application and relevance.