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Masters Degrees (Energy Law)

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As pressure on energy resources grows, the search for new and renewable forms of energy intensifies. Simultaneously, as the intersections with the environment are increasingly visible, the use and exploitation of energy have become of increasing concern to governments, NGOs, individuals, and businesses across the world. Read more

Introduction

As pressure on energy resources grows, the search for new and renewable forms of energy intensifies. Simultaneously, as the intersections with the environment are increasingly visible, the use and exploitation of energy have become of increasing concern to governments, NGOs, individuals, and businesses across the world.
The LLM/MSc in International Energy Law and Policy at the University of Stirling has been specifically designed to address such developments. Expert staff have come together to offer an innovative and distinctive multi-disciplinary degree which will provide graduates with in-depth understanding of energy law and policy, key areas of investment and environmental policy, as well as knowledge of corporate governance and responsibility.
Our graduates will be well placed to pursue careers in:
- legal firms
- the environmental sector
- government
- regulatory authorities
- international bodies
- non-governmental organisations
- business
- pressure groups
- charities

Key information

- Degree type: LLM, MSc
- Study methods: Part-time, Full-time
- Duration: Full-time: LLM: 12 months Diploma: 9 months Certificate: 3 months Part-time: LLM: 27 months Diploma: 21 months Certificate: 9 months
- Start date: September
- Course Director: Dr Ioana Cismas

English language requirements

If English is not your first language you must have one of the following qualifications as evidence of your English language skills:
- IELTS: 6.0 with 5.5 minimum in each skill
- Cambridge Certificate of Proficiency in English (CPE): Grade C
- Cambridge Certificate of Advanced English (CAE): Grade C
- Pearson Test of English (Academic): 54 with 51 in each component
- IBT TOEFL: 80 with no subtest less than 17

For more information go to English language requirements https://www.stir.ac.uk/study-in-the-uk/entry-requirements/english/

If you don’t meet the required score you may be able to register for one of our pre-sessional English courses. To register you must hold a conditional offer for your course and have an IELTS score 0.5 or 1.0 below the required standard. View the range of pre-sessional courses http://www.intohigher.com/uk/en-gb/our-centres/into-university-of-stirling/studying/our-courses/course-list/pre-sessional-english.aspx .

REF2014

In REF2014 Stirling was placed 6th in Scotland and 45th in the UK with almost three quarters of research activity rated either world-leading or internationally excellent.

Career opportunities

As climate change is increasingly regarded as the challenge of our generation, energy law and policy are amongst the most topical societal issues at the moment. Conscious of these developments, law firms are opening their own specialised Energy Law divisions. Consequently, there is a great demand for employees who have a specialised legal knowledge in energy law and policy. Graduates will significantly enhance their employability within this growing field. Other employment destinations include posts in corporate strategy and corporate management; governmental branches and public sector organisations; international organisations; specialised legal practice (for those already qualified as legal practitioners), journalism, third sector (voluntary) organisations, and NGOs.

Skills you can develop through this course:
- Excellent writing and analytical skills and communciation skills
- Time management skills
- Knowledge, understanding and skills at Master's level appropriate to careers in law offices, government, international organisations, NGOs and business
- In-depth insights into relevant legal, political and economic issues related to energy law at national, regional and international levels
- An understanding of the dynamics of past and current energy law and policy-making and governance and likely future developments in the area;
- The academic foundation for progression to PhD-level study

Chances to expand your horizons
With:
- opportunities to complete an industry-led collaborative research dissertation
- six modules over two semesters and one dissertation on a specific topic in energy law and policy (12-month course)
- visits to different electricity generation plants
- guest lectures from leading energy law and policy experts and other international experts
- an international student population
- an interdisciplinary learning approach

Industry connections

There are a number of international and national energy companies that interact with our course. Usually near 50 percent of students take the opportunity to complete internships, work placements and collaborative research work with energy companies. Students develop their CV and interview skills in applying to work for these energy companies. The LLM in International Energy Law & Policy is also part of the highly successful Making-the-Most-of-Masters programme where students have the opportunity to work on an industry-led dissertation with energy companies.

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The Specialist LLM course in International Energy Law and Regulation gives students the unique opportunity to study sustainable use and trade in energy resources, among the most vibrant and dynamic sectors in the global economy. Read more
The Specialist LLM course in International Energy Law and Regulation gives students the unique opportunity to study sustainable use and trade in energy resources, among the most vibrant and dynamic sectors in the global economy.

Who is it for?

The Specialism in International Energy Law and Regulation will appeal to students at all stages of their career and from around the world who have an interest in the energy sector from a global perspective. It will enable you with this focus to develop your career in private commercial practice or in-house in the oil and gas sector. You will also be well-prepared to embark on policy-oriented careers for government of the private sector.

Objectives

The Specialist LLM in International Energy Law and Regulation is one of very few LLMs in the UK and elsewhere which provide you with an in-depth study of energy law and regulation.

This masters degree emphasises the role of law in ensuring a sustainable use and trade in energy resources. It affords you the opportunity to study the subject in context - that means, you will explore the subject from the lenses of competition law, business regulation, and public international law.

The Specialist LLM in International Energy Law and Regulation takes a public-private law approach to energy. You will be given an opportunity to examine how public law regulates the use and trade in energy and to evaluate how private commercial parties could trade in energy resource. The programme emphasises the role of law in ensuring a sustainable use and trade in energy resources. It affords you the opportunity to study the subject in context – exploring the subject from the lenses of competition law, business regulation, and public international law.

Placements

Each year a small number of internships become available and you will be provided with information about such opportunities and how to apply during the year of your study.

Academic facilities

As a City Law School student you will benefit from everything the institution has to offer including the Learning Success department and Lawbore, an online resource designed to help you find the information you need for the course modules. All course modules have online depositories through Moodle.

As part of the University of London you can also become a member of Senate House Library for free with your student ID card.

You will benefit from City, University of London’s extensive library of hard copy and electronic resources, including its comprehensive database of domestic and international caselaw, legislation, treaties and legal periodicals. There are two law-specific libraries – one at the Gray’s Inn campus and one at our Northampton square campus - with individual study spaces and dedicated rooms for group work.

Additionally, we are a short walk away from the British Library and the Law Library of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies.

Teaching and learning

This course is taught by leading academics as well as visiting practitioners including barristers and solicitors who work in private practice and in legal departments of major companies.

Assessment

All modules are structured as ten weekly two-hour seminars which comprise both lectures as well as interactive tutorials. All modules are supported by our online learning platform - Moodle. Assessment is by way of coursework which comprises 100% of the final mark in each module. Each module carries the same weight in terms of the overall qualification.

You will be allocated a dedicated supervisor for your dissertation who will help you develop a specific topic and provide support in terms of resources, content and structure.

Modules

As with all LLM specialisms at City, University of London, you may take either five modules and a shorter dissertation (10,000 words) or four modules and a longer dissertation (20,000 words). All modules are of the same duration and are taught per term (September – December or January – April) rather than the whole academic year. If you take four modules you will take two per term in each term and if you take five modules you will have three in one term and two in the other. Dissertations are written during the summer term when there are no classes.

In order to obtain this specialism, you must choose at least three modules from within this specialism and write your dissertation on a subject within the specialism.

Specialism modules - choose from the following 30-credit modules:
-International Energy Litigation
-Energy, environment and security
-Energy Law
-Public International Law
-Substantive EU Competition Law

For your remaining modules you can choose from more than 50 modules covering a diverse range of subjects.

Career prospects

As a graduate of this specialist LLM you will be well placed to pursue careers in this area of law in private practice, in-house in a law firm, policy and government, non-governmental organisations and a wide range of non-legal careers in the energy sector.

The City Law School has a vibrant Pro Bono programme including our award-winning commercial law clinic for tech start-ups Start-Ed.

Students who complete the LLM may wish to continue their academic studies by enrolling in a PhD offered by The City Law School.

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The world’s long-term economic development depends on the existence of efficient, innovative and creative energy and resources industries. Read more

Why study LLM Energy Law and Policy at Dundee?

The world’s long-term economic development depends on the existence of efficient, innovative and creative energy and resources industries. These in turn rely on individuals who possess a sound grasp of their legal, economic, technical and policy backgrounds.

Energy Law and Policy is at the heart of these issues and provides the best in advanced education in its field, preparing its graduates to meet the challenges posed by the evolving global economy.

What's great about Energy Law and Policy at Dundee?

Throughout its history, the Centre for Energy, Petroleum and Mineral Law and Policy as part of the Graduate School of Natural Resources Law, Policy and Management at the University of Dundee has achieved continuous growth and has established international pre-eminence in its core activities. Scholarly performance, high level academic research, strategic consultancy and top-quality executive education. Currently, we have over 500 registered postgraduate students from more than 50 countries world-wide.

Our interdisciplinary approach to teaching, research and consultancy gives us a unique perspective on how governments and businesses operate. We offer flexible courses delivered by the best in the field, devised and continually updated in line with the Centre’s unique combination of professional expertise and academic excellence.

This provides a rigorous training for graduate students and working professionals. Full-time and distance-learning degrees, intensive training programmes tailor-made for individuals or companies and short-term professional seminars are all on offer.

We will teach you the practical and professional skills you need to mastermind complex commercial and financial transactions in the international workplace, and we will expose you to many varied and exciting opportunities. Why not take a few minutes to complete our application form - it could be the most far-reaching career move you’ll ever make!

How you will be taught

The LLM is made up of compulsory and elective modules with this taught component being followed by either:
A dissertation of up to 15,000 words on a topic approved by an academic supervisor

An Internship report - students who choose this option are required to source an organisation willing to offer a 3-month work placement, approved by an academic supervisor

An extended PhD Proposal - students who propose to follow up the LLM with a PhD may, with the approval of an academic supervisor, submit a 10,000 word PhD proposal

What you will study

Compulsory Modules:
• Natural Resources Sectors: A Multidisciplinary Introduction
• Dissertation or Internship
Core Modules:
• Downstream Energy Law and Policy
• Legal Framework for International Project Finance
Core specialist Modules:
• International Law of Natural Resources and Energy
• Energy and Climate Change Law and Policy
• Renewable Energy: Technology, Policy and Economics
Elective Modules: Candidates are advised to choose additional modules from what is available on the academic timetable subject to any restrictions that may apply.

How you will be assessed

Each course is assessed by a combination of examinations and a research paper.

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The course addresses lawyers, legal practicioners and economists who want to gain in-depth, special knowledge in the field of international and European energy law. Read more
The course addresses lawyers, legal practicioners and economists who want to gain in-depth, special knowledge in the field of international and European energy law. Students will become acquainted with the technical and economic foundations of the energy markets as well as with all legal topics relevant for the whole value chain in the energy sector. The curriculum comprises of competition law, regulatory law and economic fundamentals among others.

Lectures come from the international community (Germany, USA, Switzerland, Belgium, Norway, Russia) and are experts from universities, European and national authorities, international and national energy companies, major law firms, and courts. To name a few, technical universities, the European Commission, the German regulatory authority BNetzA.

The course is also supported by the Institute for Energy and Regulatory Law Berlin (enreg.eu) and benefits from experts‘ knowledge of the European and German energy sector which is the largest one in Europe. The academic director is Professor Dr. iur. Dr. rer. pol. Dres. h.c. Franz Jürgen Säcker who is the editor and author of leading publications in the field of energy law.

Course Structure
The first Semester is dedicated to the fundamentals of energy Regulation. The technical and economic characteristics of the electricity and gas sector will be taught. Students will become acquainted with the technical and economic fundamentals to follow the second semester.
In the second semester, energy law will be taught. This includes the legal framework relevant for the building and the operation of plants generating electricity from fossil and from renewable sources, for the operation of grids as well as for the supply of energy. In the second semester furthermore negotiation strategies will be taught. The theoretical knowledge will be supplemented by excursions, e.g. to a power plant, a CCS-plant and to the EEX which is largest electricity stock exchange in Continental-Europe.

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Energy Law is increasingly required to regulate innovation in all energy industries due to the challenges and complexities surrounding exploitation of minerals. Read more
Energy Law is increasingly required to regulate innovation in all energy industries due to the challenges and complexities surrounding exploitation of minerals.

COURSES
First Semester
Critical Legal Thinking and Scholarship

Optional Courses
Oil and Minerals for Good
Energy, Innovation and Law
Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law
Oil and Gas Law

Second Semester
Principles of Environmental Regulation
Low Carbon Energy Transition: Nuclear Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage
Corporate Environmental Liability
Legal and Environmental Issues for Unconventional Hydrocarbon
International Investment Arbitration in the Energy Sector
Downstream Energy Law

Master of Law Dissertation

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This is a multi-disciplinary distance learning programme designed to address the cross-border elements of the oil and gas industry and respond to the demand for highly qualified professionals in the sector. Read more
This is a multi-disciplinary distance learning programme designed to address the cross-border elements of the oil and gas industry and respond to the demand for highly qualified professionals in the sector. The modules have been designed to be relevant to you if you work in, or wish to embark on a career within the national and international oil, gas and energy industries and the renewable energy sector.

More about this course

This is a stimulating and rewarding course designed for individuals who currently work in the international oil, gas and energy industries or who wish to embark on careers in that industry. It is especially beneficial for private practice lawyers in oil, gas and energy law (or lawyers hoping to specialise in these areas).

The course is also ideal for in-house lawyers from the upstream and downstream oil, gas and energy sectors or non-legal professionals working in the oil, gas and energy sectors, in particular:
-Finance
-Compliance
-Business development
-Environmental positions
-Licensing
-Operations
-Procurement
-Project managers
-Taxation
-Contract managers
-Distribution
-Company secretaries
-Renewables

This distance learning course is taught in partnership with Informa via their online learning platform. It focusses on the practical aspects of oil and gas law and is set in the broader context of contemporary energy regulation, law and policy. It seeks to develop a deep understanding of how to resolve the challenges posed by national authorities to oil, gas and energy production.

Those working in the oil and gas sectors increasingly want and need to have an understanding of the legal principles that underpin many of their activities, from the drafting of basic contracts to the intricacies, controversies and complexities of the international regimes covering such matters as oil pollution from ships and the delimitation of continental shelf reserves between adjacent and opposite states.

This course seeks to introduce you to the fundamental precepts of English commercial law; to the institutional legal framework of the oil and gas economies; to contracts; regulations and treaties relating to oil and gas exploration and exploitation (including those relating to environmental issues); and to matters of finance, including investment, insurance and taxation.

The course provides a programme of postgraduate study which will develop your academic knowledge and awareness of issues in international oil, gas and energy law and increase your understanding of the legal dimensions to activities taking place in the oil, gas and energy fields and the extent to which they might give rise to legal issues. As well as deepening your understanding of the law in these areas, our focus throughout the programme is on the practical application of the law. The programme benefits from teaching by tutors with strong relevant backgrounds in the academic world and in legal practice with a number practising as barristers or solicitors.

This LLM top up will consist of one research based module followed by a dissertation of between 12,000-15,000 words.

For more information on the PGDip portion of this course, please view this web-page: http://www.londonmet.ac.uk/courses/postgraduate/international-oil-gas-and-energy-law---llm/

Modular structure

This LLM top up consists of one research based module followed by a dissertation of between 12,000-15,000 words.

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The Oil, Gas and Energy Law LLM is one of a portfolio of degrees offered by Coventry Law School. Read more
The Oil, Gas and Energy Law LLM is one of a portfolio of degrees offered by Coventry Law School. It seeks to develop industry professionals working within the energy sector who are looking to gain a deeper understanding of the wider legal issues surrounding the oil, gas and energy sectors, and those who wish to enter the sector.

Offering an international student experience, the opportunity to undertake an internship (subject to availability and competitive application) at an organisation within the energy sector and integrated research, the course will develop valued skills whilst offering students further opportunities to gain experience of working within the industry.

WHY CHOOSE THIS COURSE?

By design, the course aims to take a broad approach into the law and its application within the energy sector. Graduates will be able to apply their knowledge to a diverse range of employment opportunities in this exciting industry.
-The opportunity to specialise in the dissertation to match specific career aspirations
-Access to a wide range of legal resources
-The potential for international fieldtrips through the Global Leaders Programme (GLP)
-Level 7 award from CMI
-An interactive and internationally diverse learning environment
-As part of the course, students will benefit from the expertise of a leading academic in the field of Legal Risk Management
-Opportunities to gain valuable workplace experience through the internship module, subject to availability and competitive application

WHAT WILL I LEARN?

The LLM will take into account the dynamic nature of the energy industry, as signposted in the Contemporary Issues in Oil and Gas module. Specifically the LLM incorporates mandatory modules on Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility within the energy sector, Furthermore with the opportunity to gain a Chartered Management Institute award (CMI).

As part of their studies, students will be given the opportunity to complete a dissertation in an approved related topic, or to undertake an internship (subject to competitive application) with a host organisation within the energy industry. Both the dissertation and internship will be facilitated by training in research skills and research methods.

Please note: Students will need to pass all Semester 1 modules and attend two compulsory employability skills workshops. After an interview with an internal panel of academics and formal presentation, successful students are selected by the host organisation.

HOW WILL THIS COURSE ENHANCE MY CAREER PROSPECTS?

Law graduates of the LLM Oil, Gas and energy Law will enhance their knowledge on the oil and gas industry. They will be able apply their knowledge to a wide variety of situations. While very many law graduates take professional exams in law and go on to practice law either in the UK or abroad, many others pursue alternative careers. Particularly with those who have chosen to pursue a postgraduate qualification in law, as the skills gained by undertaking a postgraduate law degree are in great demand from non-legal employers.

For non-law graduates the programme aims to enhance the employability of professionals who seek to upgrade their skills while at the same time gaining formal academic recognition for such upgrading. Students will gain a number of transferable skills transferrable skills, including, working independently and reflecting on feedback to improve their performance. The ability to think analytically; using the skills to construct sound discussion.

WORK PLACEMENTS

As part of the final assessment students are given the option to undertake an internship. This can be within a company of their choosing, or they may use the university connections to obtain a placement within the Energy industry.

OPPORTUNITIES FOR AN INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE

The university runs a number of field trips throughout the year in conjunction with a number of partnerships. Furthermore, international experience is also enhanced through the Global Leaders Programme (GLP) activities.

GLOBAL LEADERS PROGRAMME

To prepare students for the challenges of the global employment market and to strengthen and develop their broader personal and professional skills Coventry University has developed a unique Global Leaders Programme.

The objectives of the programme, in which postgraduate and eligible undergraduate students can participate, is to provide practical career workshops and enable participants to experience different business cultures.

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*Why do energy efficiency measures often fail?. *How will we transition into a post-carbon energy system?. *Why do some energy technologies spread, while others disappear?. Read more
*Why do energy efficiency measures often fail?
*How will we transition into a post-carbon energy system?
*Why do some energy technologies spread, while others disappear?
*How can people be persuaded to change their energy habits?

The MSc in Energy and Society investigates energy systems from all angles. On this course you will look at energy in practice, what it means to make an energy transition, what we mean by energy justice, and how energy practices change.

The programme brings in leading experts in energy studies at Durham from Anthropology, Engineering, Economics, Law, Geography, Geosciences and many other departments. It is taught through intensive block-teaching, field-study, original dissertation research and a range of optional modules that complement the core teaching. You will learn about current and new energy technologies, histories of energy, how to understand energy policy, and how to study energy practices.

A broad range of optional subjects enables you to tailor the course according to your particular interests – you can take modules in law, international politics, advanced engineering, geography, risk, development or resilience, depending on your prior qualifications. In your fully supported personal research project you will deepen your expertise in your chosen area.

The full-time course consists of two terms of teaching, during which students are introduced to the range of research questions and methods, and a dissertation, involving the design, development and implementation of an independent research project. Students work closely with academic staff, and have the opportunity to become involved in active research projects.

Compulsory modules

-Dissertation
-Energy in Practice (Field Study)
-Context and Challenges in Energy
-Energy Society and Energy Practices

Optional modules from across the University and have previously included:

-Academic and Professional Skills in Anthropology
-Fieldwork and Interpretation
-Group Renewable Energy Design Project
-Key Issues in Sociocultural Theory
-Society, Energy, Environment and Resilience
-Computational Methods for Social Sciences
-Anthropology and Development
-Negotiating the Human
-Statistical Analysis in Anthropology
-Energy, Markets and Risk
-Renewable Energy and the Environment
-Risk Frontiers

Please see http://www.durham.ac.uk/anthropology/postgraduatestudy/taughtprogrammes/mscenergyandsociety for further information on modules.

Dissertation

We place an emphasis on independent learning. This is supported by the University’s virtual learning environment, extensive library collections and informal contact with tutors and research staff. We consider the development of independent learning and research skills to be one of the key elements of our postgraduate taught curriculum and one which helps our students cultivate initiative, originality and critical thinking.

The dissertation is a significant piece of independent research that constitutes a synthesis of theory, method and practice in anthropology and is supported by an individual supervisor and the dissertation coordinator.

Previous dissertations and research projects as part of the course have been undertaken in partnership with DONG Energy UK, Haringey Borough of London, National Energy Action, Durham County Council, energy enterprises and community energy schemes.

Careers

This course attracts high quality applicants from all over the world and delivers highly-skilled graduates who are able to communicate across disciplines and countries to further environmental progress and energy justice. Graduates of the MSc will be in demand from industry, community organisations, Non-Governmental Organisations and governments around the world. Graduates have gone on to work in Energy justice organisations, local authorities, energy consultancies and further Doctoral study.

Student support

Throughout the programme, all students meet regularly with the degree tutor, who provides academic support and guidance. Furthermore, all members of teaching staff have weekly office hours when they are available to meet with students on a ‘drop-in’ basis. In term time, the department also has an extensive programme of departmental and research group seminars which postgraduate students are encouraged and expected to attend. The undergraduate Anthropology Society also organises its own visiting lecturer programme. We ensure that we advertise any other relevant seminars and lectures in Durham, Newcastle and further afield, and encourage students to attend relevant conferences.

Before the academic year starts, we provide information on preparation for the course. On arrival we have induction sessions and social events, headed by the Director of Postgraduate Studies and attended by both academic and administrative staff. Students also attend an “Introduction to Research Groups in Anthropology”.

Postgraduate study at Durham University

The MSc Energy and Society is based in Durham University’s Department of Anthropology in association with the Durham Energy Institute. Durham has one of the largest Anthropology departments in the world with 40 research active academic teaching staff working across the full range of the discipline. Our Anthropology department is ranked in the top 50 of the prestigious QS World University Subject Rankings. The overall QS rankings also placed Durham 54th in the world for citations, recognising the impact and influence of its research among other academics, and 31st globally for employer reputation, giving recognition to the quality of, and international demand for, Durham’s graduates.

Students on this course can become members of the Durham Energy Institute (DEI) community and can attend its wide range of seminars and events, benefitting from its extensive network of contacts in the energy sector. DEI ( http://www.durham.ac.uk/dei/ ) covers the spectrum of energy research from technological innovation, to the social, political and economic dimensions of energy. DEI addresses energy challenges collaboratively through strong partnerships with industry, international partners, governments, community groups and other academic institutions. This ensures our research is relevant, timely and effective.

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Take advantage of one of our 100 Master’s Scholarships to study Oil and Gas Law at Swansea University, the Times Good University Guide’s Welsh University of the Year 2017. Read more
Take advantage of one of our 100 Master’s Scholarships to study Oil and Gas Law at Swansea University, the Times Good University Guide’s Welsh University of the Year 2017. Postgraduate loans are also available to English and Welsh domiciled students. For more information on fees and funding please visit our website.

The business of hydrocarbon energy supply remains one of the most fundamental aspects of global commerce and natural resources law in the modern era. It is not limited to exploitation of petroleum but encompasses many different aspects of law and business, from protecting the intellectual property rights of new oil and gas technology, to complex joint venture contracts, and to compensation regimes for pollution liability.

Key Features

Students pursuing the LLM in Oil and Gas Law have the opportunity to study an impressive and diverse choice of subjects of relevance to this growing area of law, enabling them to study and understand the complex legal features of the petroleum industry.

The LLM in Oil and Gas Law course is built upon the wide range of high calibre research produced by the members of the Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law, who are also teaching at the LLM in Oil and Gas Law. Teaching is research-led and practice-driven aiming at producing global graduates educated and equipped for distinguished personal and professional achievement. Teaching methods are geared towards our students’ needs, conducted mainly through seminars and tutorials in small classes.

The LLM in Oil and Gas Law requires commitment to study throughout one calendar year. Students are given the opportunity to develop a number of important skills which are not only essential to those wishing to become lawyers but are valuable, transferable skills in themselves in other employment contexts. The Department of Shipping and Trade Law offers its postgraduate students dedicated resources, including IT facilities and teaching rooms. Students are fully supported by the College's dedicated Law Librarian and the Law Library holds an extensive selection of legal materials and on-line services such as Lexis and Westlaw. Students are encouraged to make full use of the facilities offered by the Postgraduate Faculty and, in particular, to take advantage of training sessions run by the Faculty, such as the legal research methods and Employability sessions, as well as of the Visiting Lectures’ series.

Modules

The LLM in Oil and Gas Law is modular, with students required to accumulate 180 credits to graduate. In appropriate circumstances, a student may graduate with a merit or distinction. Each programme is divided into two parts: Part I consists of 4 taught modules each weighted at 30 credits.

Oil and Gas Law students are required to take four modules from the following list. It is compulsory for students on the LLM in Oil and Gas to study International and Transnational Aspects of Oil and Gas Law . Students will also be required to take 3 modules from the rest of the modules listed below:

Oil & Gas Law: Contracts and Liabilities

Charterparties: Law and Practice

International Commercial Arbitration

International Trade Law

Law and Practice in International Banking and Commercial Payments

Law of Intellectual Assets Management & Transactions

Law of the Sea

Marine Insurance

Following the successful completion of the taught modules, students proceed to Part II, which is composed of two projects (LLM Research Projects). At least one of the LLM Research Projects must be written in the area of International and Transnational Aspects of Oil and Gas Law or Oil & Gas Law: Contracts and Liabilities. The LLM Research Projects will customarily be researched and written up over the summer period and are designed to enable LLM students to develop their research skills.

For further information on the modules, please visit the LLM in Oil and Gas Law page.

Extra-Curricular Activities

Throughout their studies, LLM students are provided with the opportunity to take part in a number of extra-curricular activities and enhance their practical understanding of shipping, insurance and commercial practice. Such activities include;

- employability lectures
- guest lecture series delivered inter alia by former judges, directors of international organisations and prominent partners from city law firms
- networking events, including an Annual LLM Career Fair
- visits to a number of leading enterprises within the City of London which also give our students another chance to network with professionals working in the commercial and maritime field
- mooting training throughout the year, including tailored guidance and weekly training classes
- free English language classes designed to assist you in improving your critical legal thinking and writing

Careers and Employability

The Department of Shipping and Trade Law employs two dedicated LLM employability officers who run a series of talks to develop the skills of LLM students and inform their career plans.

The Department also enjoys close links with many City law firms. For example, Holman Fenwick Willan (HFW), one of the foremost shipping and commercial law firms in the world, has very generously agreed with Swansea Shipping and Trade Law Department to sponsor the best student in Oil and Gas Law. The Institute of International Shipping and Trade Law (IISTL) provides training programmes for London City solicitors, P & I (protection and indemnity) Clubs and shipping organisations. The Swansea LLM is well known internationally. Many of our graduates secure employment shortly after completing their degrees. Several international firms keep a close relationship with the Department of Shipping and Trade Law and regularly send representatives for guest lectures and graduate recruitment purposes. Also every year the Department hosts the LLM Careers Fair which is attended by representatives from a wide range of local and international organisations. The Fair enables our LLM students to meet and talk face to face with prospective employers. For further information on the Employability initiatives, please visit http://www.swansea.ac.uk/law/shipping-trade-law-department/llmemployabilityinitiativesandresults/ and http://www.swansea.ac.uk/law/shipping-trade-law-department/llmstudentsdestinations/

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This is a 12 month full-time Masters degree (See http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-renewable-energy-development-red-/ ) course taught at our Orkney Campus. Read more

Overview

This is a 12 month full-time Masters degree (See http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-renewable-energy-development-red-/ ) course taught at our Orkney Campus. It involves studying 8 taught courses and completing a research dissertation equivalent to 4 taught courses. If you can demonstrate that you have already mastered the subject, you may apply for an exemption from one of the taught courses and undertake a Design Project instead.

For more information visit http://www.hw.ac.uk/schools/life-sciences/research/icit.htm

Distance learning

The Renewable Energy Development MSc/Diploma is also available for independent distance learning. For distance learners, the main difference is that you will undertake the Development Project alone rather than as part of a group. You can still obtain the full MSc in Renewable Energy Development, or you can opt to study fewer courses, depending on your needs.

Programme content

- Energy in the 21st Century
This course is designed to give you a broad understanding of the environmental, political and socio-economic context for current developments in renewable energy. The course examines the extent of current energy resources and how energy markets function. It covers some energy basics you will need for the rest of the programme (e.g. thermodynamics, efficiency conversions) as well as environmental issues associated with energy use, climate change and the political and policy challenges involved in managing energy supply and achieving energy security.

- Economics of renewable energy
This course gives an understanding of the economic principles and mechanisms which affect energy markets today. It covers price mechanisms, the economics of extracting energy and the cost-efficiency of renewable energy technologies. You will learn about economic instruments used by policy-makers to address environment and energy issues, economic incentives to stimulate renewable energy development and about environmental valuation.

- Environmental Policy & Risk
This course explores the legal and policy context in which renewable energy is being exploited. You will gain an understanding of international law, particularly the Law of the Sea, property rights and how these relate to different energy resources. The course also looks at regulatory issues at the international, European and UK level, which affect how energy developments are taken forward, as well as risk assessment and management in the context of renewable energy developments.

- Environmental Processes
Particularly for those without a natural science background, this course provides a broad overview of the environmental processes which are fundamental to an understanding of renewable energy resources and their exploitation. You will study energy flows in the environment, environmental disturbance associated with energy use, and an introduction to the science of climate change. You will also learn about ecosystems and ecological processes including population dynamics and how ecosystems affect and interact with energy generation.

- Renewable Technology I: Generation
This course explores how energy is extracted from natural resources: solar, biomass, hydro, wind, wave and tide. It examines how to assess and measure the resources, and the engineering solutions which have been developed to extract energy from them. You will develop an understanding of the technical challenges and current issues affecting the future development of the renewable energy sector.

- Renewable Technology II: Integration
This course explores the technical aspects of generating renewable energy and integrating it into distribution networks. You will learn about the electricity grid and how electrical power and distribution systems work. You will find out about different renewable fuel sources and end uses, and the challenges of energy storage.

- Development Appraisal
Looking at what happens when renewable energy technologies are deployed, this course examines development constraints and opportunities: policy and regulatory issues (including strategic environmental assessment, environmental impact assessment, landscape assessment, capacity issues and the planning system). It also looks at the financial aspects (valuation of capital assets, financing projects and the costs of generating electricity) and at project management.

- Development Project
This is a team project, where students have the opportunity to apply what they have learned through the other courses in relation to a hypothetical project. You have to look at a range of issues including resource assessment, site selection, development layout, consents, planning and economic appraisal, applying the knowledge and tools you have studied.

- Optional design project
For students who can demonstrate existing knowledge covered by one of the courses, there is the option of understanding a design project supervised by one of our engineers.

- Dissertation
This research project (equivalent in assessment to 4 taught courses) allows you to focus on a specific area of interest, with opportunities to collaborate with businesses and other stakeholders. You choose your dissertation subject, in discussion with your supervisor.

- Additional information
If you study at our Orkney Campus, you will also benefit from a number of activities including guest lectures and practical sessions, which help to develop your skills and knowledge in your field of study, and offer opportunities to meet developers and others involved in the renewable energy industry.

Scholarships available

We have a number of fully funded Scottish Funding Council (SFC) scholarships available for students resident in Scotland applying for Renewable Energy Development (RED) MSc. Find out more about this scholarship and how to apply http://www.hw.ac.uk/student-life/scholarships/postgraduate-funded-places.htm .

English language requirements

If your first language is not English, or your first degree was not taught in English, we’ll need to see evidence of your English language ability. The minimum requirement for English language is IELTS 6.5 or equivalent. We offer a range of English language courses (See http://www.hw.ac.uk/study/english.htm ) to help you meet the English language requirement prior to starting your masters programme:
- 14 weeks English (for IELTS of 5.5 with no more than one skill at 4.5);
- 10 weeks English (for IELTS of 5.5 with minimum of 5.0 in all skills);
- 6 weeks English (for IELTS 5.5 with minimum of 5.5 in reading & writing and minimum of 5.0 in speaking & listening)

Distance learning students

Please note that independent distance learning students who access their studies online will be expected to have access to a PC/laptop and internet.

Find information on Fees and Scholarships here http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-renewable-energy-development-red-/

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The LLM in International Commercial Law covers the core issues relevant to the resolution of commercial disputes together with contractual principles. Read more
The LLM in International Commercial Law covers the core issues relevant to the resolution of commercial disputes together with contractual principles.

This course will provide you with the skills and knowledge needed to thrive in the area of corporate law with subjects specifically pertaining to e-commerce, intellectual property, contracts and more.

Why study International Commercial Law at Dundee?

The International Commercial modules that we offer will provide you with a detailed understanding of core issues relevant to the resolution of commercial disputes and an appreciation of contractual principles.

Central to this are the courses in International Business Transactions, Problems in International Commercial Litigation and International Dispute Resolution. These modules are complemented by the comparative contract law course, Principles of International Contract Law.

What's so good about International Commercial Law at Dundee?

In the Times Good University Guide 2012 Dundee Law School was placed 7th in the United Kingdom law school rankings, and we were ranked 1st in Scotland in the 2011 National Student Survey (NSS).

In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise Dundee Law School was one of only two law schools in the United Kingdom to achieve a 100% international standard classification, with half of our submissions being graded internationally excellent or world leading. Our commitment on is to provide high quality instruction, with a focus on matters of practical relevance, to prepare students for a successful legal career, whether at home or abroad.
Postgraduate culture

Dundee Law School prides itself as being a friendly Law School where all members of staff are accessible and students are treated as individuals and valued members of our legal community.

We offer all new students an induction programme at the start of each semester, to ensure that all students have the necessary understanding of the UK and European legal systems as well as core principles of public and private law.

We seek to integrate all LLM students into the life of the Law School, and invite you to all guest lectures and seminars. We also have an annual reading party to a beautiful country house location, where you are joined by senior staff and can work on academic skills and dissertation preparation.

"Studying at Dundee University helped me develop my legal writing, speaking, and analytical skills and as a result to become a real specialist in the legal field."
Margarita Khegay, LLM 2009

Who should study this course?

This course is designed for individuals with a background in law, i.e. a good honours degree in law (acquired or anticipated to have by the expected start date), or in exceptional circumstances non-law graduates with a considerable amount of relevant legal experience.

This course has January and September start dates and can be taken part time and full time.

How you will be taught

Students are taught through a mix of lectures, seminar discussions and tutorials.

What you will study

Core modules

Principles of Corporate Law
Competition Law
Corporate Governance
International Taxation Law
Intellectual Property Law

Candidates for this programme must take at least two of the following modules:

International Business Transactions I
Principles of International E-Commerce
Principles of International Contract Law

Private International Law (Common Law Perspectives)
International Insolvency Law
International Dispute Resolution

How you will be assessed

Substantive modules: continuous assessment plus end of semester examinations in December and March/April. Compulsory dissertation: 12-15,000 words.

Careers

Dundee graduates have reached the highest levels of success in the profession as senior partners, Queen's Counsel, judges and front bench politicians.

We have close links with employers and we offer programmes to support and develop the employability of our students. Our good reputation throughout the profession and close links to employers help Dundee graduates find employment.

The Law School runs an annual Law Fair which attracts law firms and employers from around the UK and further afield. Law firms also regularly visit the law school on an individual basis for recruitment purposes.

While many students study law in order to qualify to practise, the skills acquired in a law degree are also attractive to many prospective employers in professions such as:

The Police
Banking
Journalism
Management
Civil service

Find out more about legal careers from our Careers Service.

"At present I do work at Deloitte TCF, LLP as a legal consultant in Tax and Legal Department. Our Department deals with clients from various professional fields: construction, telecommunications, energy resources and others. In future I ... hope to be able to draw on my good experience and skills from the School of Law of Dundee University and make my own contribution on the commercial issues in my country, on the development of International Commercial Law in Kazakhstan."
Margarita Khegay, LLM 2009

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Studying an LLM Master of Laws offers unrivalled academic stimulation, the opportunity to deepen your understanding of the law and specialise your knowledge in a particular area, and improved career prospects at the highest level whether that be in practice or academia. Read more
Studying an LLM Master of Laws offers unrivalled academic stimulation, the opportunity to deepen your understanding of the law and specialise your knowledge in a particular area, and improved career prospects at the highest level whether that be in practice or academia.

The Exeter LLM is a substantive, rigorous, and genuinely flexible programme of postgraduate study designed for the most ambitious and capable students. Delivered by some of the biggest names in legal research, our LLM allows you to create a bespoke programme of learning addressing your specific academic and professional needs, readying you to fulfil your career ambitions or for doctoral study.

Our faculty is able to teach and supervise an extensive range of international subjects, with particular specialities inspired by our renowned research in the areas of Commercial Law, Public Law, Human Rights Law, and Family Law.

Specialist Pathways

Students can obtain a specialised LLM. Specialisms include International Commercial Law, European Law, Maritime Law, Intellectual Property Law and International Human Rights Law.

International Commercial Law

International Commercial Law is one of the most popular, challenging, and relevant areas of law to study at postgraduate level. Our faculty includes some of the most respected international names in the field, including the authors of leading practitioner and student texts and editors of important journals. We are confident that Exeter is the best possible environment in which to study the exciting, fast-paced, and lucrative commercial world, including subjects like corporate finance, international trade, intellectual property, energy and the environment.

The LLM in International Commercial Law provides a wide range of options. Students may focus on banking and financial law, corporate law or general commercial law. Exeter’s strong links with the legal profession’s top global firms and employers make this LLM a particularly attractive one for students who are looking to go into private practice or to work in banks or financial institutions. This LLM is also an ideal preparation for a career in international business as it covers areas of expertise required to succeed in senior positions in international trading companies. Internships in Europe and further afield, are often advertised to participants in this course, especially those with hard-to-find linguistic or other skills. http://www.exeter.ac.uk/postgraduate/taught/law/masteroflaws/commercial/

[[ European Law]]
This specialism is designed to give students the opportunity to study the constitutional issues which arise from the concept of the European Union, including law making and the relationship between the EU and Member States.

We provide modules which examine the substantive law of the EU and the way in which that law has been implemented in English law. We also provide an optional study trip to visit the institutions of the EU. http://www.exeter.ac.uk/postgraduate/taught/law/masteroflaws/european/

Maritime Law

The LLM in Maritime Law is designed specifically for students who wish to study shipping and international trade law in detail.
The modules are particularly suited to students who intend to pursue careers in chartering, trade and marine insurance (including Protection and Indemnity Clubs).

English law is widely adopted in other jurisdictions, so a study of English law is particularly important. http://www.exeter.ac.uk/postgraduate/taught/law/masteroflaws/maritime

Intellectual Property Law

The LLM in Intellectual Property allows students to study in depth the substantive areas of law which make up intellectual property such as competition law, copyright, trade mark law, patents and consumer protection.

Much of the law is derived from EU measures, and the modules are taught from both a domestic and EU perspective. http://www.exeter.ac.uk/postgraduate/taught/law/masteroflaws/property

International Human Rights Law

This specialism has been specifically developed to allow you to construct a programme appropriate to private practice or public employment in the field of international human rights law.

An important element of the programme is a study trip to Geneva to gain first-hand experience of the work of the United Nations.

During the trip you will have the opportunity to attend committee sessions, joining the delegation, NGOs and committee members in the committee chambers. Read the trip reflections of the class of 2014-15 here.

You may also be able to meet with some committee members for a private briefing on their work. The tour enables you to experience the practical side of human rights law, see the work of the Secretariat, and learn about opportunities to work or to serve an internship with the UN in human rights. http://www.exeter.ac.uk/postgraduate/taught/law/masteroflaws/humanrights

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This is a 12 month full-time MSc degree course (See http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-marine-renewable-energy/#overview ) taught at our Orkney Campus. Read more

Overview

This is a 12 month full-time MSc degree course (See http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-marine-renewable-energy/#overview ) taught at our Orkney Campus. It involves studying 8 taught courses. If you can demonstrate that you have already mastered the subject, you may apply for an exemption from one of the taught courses and undertake a Design Project instead. The MSc programme is completed with a research dissertation equivalent to 4 taught courses.

For more information visit http://www.hw.ac.uk/schools/life-sciences/research/icit.htm

Distance Learning

The Marine Renewable Energy MSc/Diploma is also available for independent distance learning. For distance learners, the main difference is that you will undertake the Development Project alone rather than as part of a group. You can still obtain the full MSc in Marine Renewable Energy, or you can opt to study fewer courses, depending on your needs.

Scholarships available

We have a number of fully funded Scottish Funding Council (SFC) scholarships available for students resident in Scotland applying for Marine Renewable Energy. Find out more about this scholarship and how to apply http://www.hw.ac.uk/student-life/scholarships/postgraduate-funded-places.htm .

Programme content

The Diploma and MSc degree course involves studying the 8 taught courses outlined below. If a student can demonstrate that they have already mastered the subject, they may undertake a Development Project instead of one of these courses.

- Energy in the 21st Century
This course is designed to give you a broad understanding of the environmental, political and socio-economic context for current developments in renewable energy. The course examines the extent of current energy resources and how energy markets function. It covers some energy basics you will need for the rest of the programme (e.g. thermodynamics, efficiency conversions) as well as environmental issues associated with energy use, climate change and the political and policy challenges involved in managing energy supply and achieving energy security.

- Economics of renewable energy
This course gives an understanding of the economic principles and mechanisms which affect energy markets today. It covers price mechanisms, the economics of extracting energy and the cost-efficiency of renewable energy technologies. You will learn about economic instruments used by policy-makers to address environment and energy issues, economic incentives to stimulate renewable energy development and about environmental valuation.

- Environmental Policy & Risk
This course explores the legal and policy context in which renewable energy is being exploited. You will gain an understanding of international law, particularly the Law of the Sea, property rights and how these relate to different energy resources. The course also looks at regulatory issues at the international, European and UK level, which affect how energy developments are taken forward, as well as risk assessment and management in the context of renewable energy developments.

- Oceanography & Marine Biology
This course is designed to give you an understanding of the science of waves and tides, and how this affects efforts to exploit energy from these resources. You will also learn about marine ecosystems and how these may be impacted by energy extraction and about the challenges and impacts associated with carrying out engineering operations in the marine environment.

- Marine Renewable Technologies
You will gain an understanding of renewable energy technologies which exploit wind, wave and tidal resources. The focus is on technical design issues which developers face operating in the marine environment, as well as the logistics of installation, operations and maintenance of marine energy converters.

- Renewable Technology: Integration
This course explores the technical aspects of generating renewable energy and integrating it into distribution networks. You will learn about the electricity grid and how electrical power and distribution systems work. You will find out about different renewable fuel sources and end uses, and the challenges of energy storage.

- Development Appraisal
Looking at what happens when renewable energy technologies are deployed, this course examines development constraints and opportunities: policy and regulatory issues (including strategic environmental assessment, environmental impact assessment, landscape assessment, capacity issues and the planning system). It also looks at the financial aspects (valuation of capital asses, financing projects and the costs of generating electricity) and at project management.

- Development Project
This is a team project, where students have the opportunity to apply what they have learned through the other courses in relation to a hypothetical project. You have to look at a range of issues including resource assessment, site selection, development layout, consents, planning and economic appraisal, applying the knowledge and tools you have studied.

- Dissertation
This research project (equivalent in assessment to 4 taught courses) allows you to focus on a specific area of interest, with opportunities to collaborate with businesses and other stakeholders. You choose your dissertation subject, in discussion with your supervisor.

- Additional information
If you study at our Orkney Campus, you will also benefit from a number of activities including guest lectures and practical sessions which help to develop your skills and knowledge in your field of study, and offer opportunities to meet developers and other involved in the renewable energy industry.

English language requirements

If your first language is not English, or your first degree was not taught in English, we’ll need to see evidence of your English language ability. The minimum requirement for English language is IELTS 6.5 or equivalent. We offer a range of English language courses (http://www.hw.ac.uk/study/english.htm ) to help you meet the English language requirement prior to starting your masters programme:
- 14 weeks English (for IELTS of 5.5 with no more than one skill at 4.5);
- 10 weeks English (for IELTS of 5.5 with minimum of 5.0 in all skills);
- 6 weeks English (for IELTS 5.5 with minimum of 5.5 in reading & writing and minimum of 5.0 in speaking & listening)

Distance learning students

Please note that independent distance learning students who access their studies online will be expected to have access to a PC/laptop and internet.

Find information on Fees and Scholarships here http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-marine-renewable-energy/#overview

Visit the Marine Renewable Energy MSc/Diploma page on the Heriot-Watt University web site for more details!

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What did liberalization do for the energy sector? And did it change the relationship between the state and the energy industry? Should energy companies be concerned with climate change?. Read more
What did liberalization do for the energy sector? And did it change the relationship between the state and the energy industry? Should energy companies be concerned with climate change?

Today, the energy sector is changing as a result of market liberalization and climate change concerns. The EU presents a typical example of this scenario but similar developments can also be found in other parts of the world. This specialized programme will present the main principles of energy market liberalization and how climate law affects the energy sector, with the EU often used as a case example.

Why in Groningen?

You will be taught Energy and Climate Law in a European perspective. The programme is taught in the middle of the Energy Valley of the Netherlands, which gives ample opportunity for leading experts in Energy and Climate Law to both work in the sector and teach the Energy and Climate Law students.

Job perspectives

The programme is designed to equip its graduates for a career as in-house lawyer in an energy company, but it is also suitable for those who are interested in a career working as an energy expert for major law firms. Also a career as an energy lawyer in governmental institutions and ministries, inter- and non-governmental organizations and academic institutions would be very likely.

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As the European Union has developed into new policy areas, EU law has grown in significance. The LLM in European Law offers students the opportunity to gain a detailed knowledge of EU law in a range of fields. Read more
As the European Union has developed into new policy areas, EU law has grown in significance. The LLM in European Law offers students the opportunity to gain a detailed knowledge of EU law in a range of fields. These include constitutional law, the law relating to the single market, competition law, environmental law, employment law, the law on migration, and human rights law.

Taught Modules

To specialise in this area, you must select 90 credits of modules from this list and do your compulsory dissertation in the field of European Law (45 credits). The additional 45 credits of taught modules can be in this area or can be unrelated and therefore selected from the full list of LLM available modules.

All modules are 22.5 credits unless otherwise stated below.

Note: Not all of the modules listed will be available in any one year and semesters listed can be subject to change. Any modules not available in the forthcoming academic session will be marked as soon as this information is confirmed by teaching academics.

The updated module list below represents the result of our ongoing modularisation of the LLM which is intended to offer students greater flexibility and choice of module options.

◦ QLLM100 EU Immigration Law (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM101 EU Criminal Law (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM106 EU Constitutional Law I - Concepts, Values and Principles (Sem 2) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM107 EU Constitutional Law II - Governance (Sem 2) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM122 European Union Tax Law (45 credits) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM124 European Union Competition Law (45 credits)
◦ QLLM173 Terrorism and Human Rights: Constitutional Perspectives (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM174 Migration, Security and Human Rights (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM190 EU Healthcare law: Rights, Policies and Instruments (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM191 Competition and Regulation in EU Healthcare Markets (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM192 Market Integration and Regulation in the European Internal Market (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM193 Free Movement of Persons in the European Union (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM311 Policing in Local and Global Contexts (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM312 Comparative Criminal Justice (Sem 2) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM314 Transnational Law and Governance (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM315 Transnational Law and Governance in Practice (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM317 Competition and the State: EU State Aid Law (Sem 1)
◦ QLLM318 Competition and the State: Regulation of public services in the EU (Sem 2)
◦ QLLM324 Comparative Contract Law (sem 2)
◦ QLLM326 The Law of the European Convention on Human Rights (sem 1)
◦ QLLM327 European Union Human Rights Law (Sem 2) (Not Running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM346 EU Copyright Law (sem 2)
◦ QLLM347 The Law of Geographical Indications (GIs) (sem 2)
◦ QLLM353 EU Data Protection Law (sem 1)
◦ QLLM377 EU Financial and Monetary Law (sem 1)
◦ QLLM387 International Trade and Investment Law of the EU (sem 1) (Not running 2016-17)
◦ QLLM388 Trade, Climate Change and Energy: EU and International Perspectives (Sem 2)

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