Germany is home to the largest energy sector in Europe and a forerunner in renewable energy deployment. Where else would you study energy law than in Germany’s capital?
For the fourth year now Technische Universität Berlin offers the advanced Master of Business Law European and International Energy Law on the EUREF Campus in the centre of Berlin. The course offers lawyers, legal practitioners and economists an excellent opportunity to gain expertise in the field of international and European energy law. Students will become acquainted with the technical and economic foundations of energy markets as well as all areas of law relevant for the value chains in the electricity and gas sector. The curriculum covers competition law, regulatory law and economic fundamentals inter alia.
Lectures come from the international community (Germany, USA, Switzerland, Belgium, Norway, Russia) and are experts from universities, European and national authorities, international and national energy companies, major law firms, and courts. To name a few, technical universities, the European Commission, the German regulatory authority BNetzA.
The course is also supported by the Institute for Energy and Regulatory Law Berlin (http://www.enreg.eu) and benefits from experts‘ knowledge of the European and German energy sector which is the largest one in Europe. The academic director is Professor Dr. iur. Dr. rer. pol. Dres. h.c. Franz Jürgen Säcker who is the editor and author of leading publications in the field of energy law.
The first Semester is dedicated to the fundamentals of energy Regulation. The technical and economic characteristics of the electricity and gas sector will be taught. Students will become acquainted with the technical and economic fundamentals to follow the second semester.
In the second semester, energy law will be taught. This includes the legal framework relevant for the building and the operation of plants generating electricity from fossil and from renewable sources, for the operation of grids as well as for the supply of energy. In the second semester furthermore negotiation strategies will be taught. The theoretical knowledge will be supplemented by excursions, e.g. to a power plant, a CCS-plant and to the EEX which is largest electricity stock exchange in Continental-Europe.
We are part of Technische Universität (TU) Berlin, which is one of Germany’s largest universities with currently more than 30,000 students. Committed to the principles of excellence and quality, TU Berlin offers outstanding performance in research and teaching and excellent skills for the students. Technical University of Berlin is consistently ranked among the top academic institutions in the world. Notable alumni include Carl Bosch, Gustav Hertz, and many other noble prize winners and entrepreneurs.
The MBL Degree
Upon completion of the course you will be conferred the academic degree Master in Business Law (MBL). The master programme focuses on a particular sector and incorporates practical legal, regulatory and business perspectives. The master on European and International Energy Law (MBL Energy) is one of the first programmes worldwide with a clear focus on energy and regulatory law as a special field of business law. Students gain skills and knowledge that reach far beyond the basics of energy law enabling them to successfully pursue careers in industry, law firms and regulatory authorities.
Among many different fields of law energy law is on the rise. Global climate change and the policy transitions translate into many areas of law: State aid and renewable energy promotion, emission trading systems, the legal framework for grid operation and last but not least the digitalization of the energy sector. But to understand energy law is to grasp the technical and economic foundations underlying it. Energy law is not only interdisciplinary in this classical sense, but also a true legal hybrid: At the challenging intersection of public and private law, competition and regulatory law energy law spans across the national, European and international level.
Our Master Programme gives lawyers and economists an excellent understanding of the complexities and intersections of energy sector. The program gives students and future employees a distinctive profile and qualifies them for a leading position in the energy sector. Small groups of up to 30 students allow for individual and effective learning.
Regular excursions to relevant institutions and infrastructure operators are tightly built into the programme’s schedule. We believe hands-on experience strengthens the learning process and prepares students for their future employments Students will visit the largest electricity stock exchange in continental Europe, the EEX in Leipzig, the energy intensive undertaking AURUBIS in Hamburg, the photovoltaics manufacturer ALEO Solar in Prenzlau, the Vattenfall’s CHP plant in Berlin and the network operator 50Hertz in Berlin.
Electricity is playing an increasing role as we look to develop low carbon sources of energy. The design of electrical power systems is becoming increasingly complex, to manage intermittent sources of generation, and increased levels of demand from new types of load such as electric vehicles.
The Distance Learning MSc in Electrical Power Systems Engineering allows engineers working in the sector to enhance their skills. It provides them with the tools and techniques to keep pace with the rapidly evolving electricity industry. The course covers the latest developments in the electricity industry and delivers up-to-date training in all aspects of electrical power systems.
The course will develop your understanding of how these future electrical networks will be designed and operated. It will provide you with a solid understanding of the characteristics of components such as generators, lines, cables, transformers and power electronics devices. It will provide you with the skills you need to carry out power flow and fault calculations, learning how these techniques are used to study the behaviour of large systems. The course also covers a range of other topics such as HVDC, how renewable generation is integrated into a power system, the increasing importance of smart grids, and how to assess and remedy power quality problems.The course is based on the long-running MSc in Electrical Power Systems Engineering delivered by The University of Manchester. On graduation you will be a member of a network of global alumni, many in senior positions in the electricity supply industry.
The course has been designed to support those working in industry. Multiple entry points exist and the course can be completed in a timescale that suits your needs. Your dissertation project will ideally be based on a problem you and your company need to resolve, ensuring the programme delivers value for both you and your employer.
Once you register for the course, you will be assigned a Course Advisor, who will stay with you throughout your studies and can be contacted by phone or email whenever you have a question or a concern.
Your Course Advisor will be able to guide you through your choice of units and help you to schedule and register for them. They will be familiar with all aspects of your course and your own progress and timetable and will be able to provide support on a wide range of issues or refer you to University specialist support services if necessary - such as the Careers Service, Counselling Service or Disability Support.
For each technical unit, you will be assigned an Academic Tutor with expertise in the particular subject area you will be studying. Your tutor will introduce themselves at the start of each unit to outline the material and plans for assessment. They will host regular online group discussions to review the content being presented that week and to give you the opportunity to engage with other students. They will also maintain and monitor a range of other tools including forums, blogs and live chat sessions, in case you have any questions about the course content.
You will typically need to commit around 15 hours per week during each unit taken when studying for your distance learning MSc. It is important to make sure your employer supports you by allowing suitable time to be spent on your studies.
Each unit will require you to submit one or more pieces of coursework and a final assessment. Your Tutor will provide the exact details of how each activity contributes to your final marks for a given unit. The coursework will often involve using specialist software packages which we will make available to you.
You will also be provided with regular opportunities to assess your progress through self-tests that do not count towards your final mark. Your Tutor will seek to support you if you are having difficulty with a particular subject area and your Course Advisor will be there to help if there are any other issues affecting your studies.
This distance learning course is an extension of the longstanding full time Electrical Power Systems Engineering MSc at the University of Manchester. Over the last thirty years, hundreds of students from around the world have come to the University to obtain an MSc in Electrical Power Engineering or similar. After graduation, they went on to work for electric utilities, equipment manufacturers, specialised software houses, universities and consultancy companies.
Many of our applications are from people already working in industry (but this is by no means a requirement) who are aiming to use this course to further propel their career. The majority of our applicants have come from system/network operators, manufacturers of power system components, consultancies, the oil & gas industry, and large construction companies.
Your peers on the course will be on average, 24, with a minimum 2.1 or equivalent bachelor’s degree. It’s likely you will have a few years’ work experience either through an internship of full-time employment. You needn’t have any prior knowledge of energy, commodities, shipping or finance, although you should be comfortable with quantitative methods (mathematics and statistics).
You’ll emerge from this course fully equipped to operate effectively in this highly competitive international industry. You’ll gain a solid foundation in energy economics, markets and trading, and be able to formulate strategy for fossil fuels, electricity and renewables. Your studies will encompass energy transportation, especially seaborne and are rounded off with extensive study of finance and financial markets and essential transferrable skills in accounting and IT. You can complement your core modules with optional modules and, if you wish, an independent research project.
We review all our courses regularly to keep them up-to-date on issues of both theory and practice.
To satisfy the requirements of the degree course students must complete:
Assessment of modules on the MSc in Energy, Trade and Finance, in most cases, is by means of coursework and unseen examination. Coursework may consist of standard essays, individual and group presentations, group reports, classwork, unseen tests and problem sets. Please note that any group work may include an element of peer assessment.
The course starts with two compulsory induction weeks, focused mainly on:
Graduates from the course are typically employed in positions related to energy, metals and agricultural commodities, shipping/freight operations, finance, consultancy and industry. Types of organisations employing trading houses include:
Power system engineering is about keeping things in balance. Not just the balance between generation and load or between production and consumption of reactive power. It is also about the balance between the cost of energy and its environmental impact or the balance between the reliability of the supply and the investments needed to develop the system. These programmes will teach you how to quantify both sides of these equations and then how to improve the balances through technological advances and the implementation of sophisticated computing techniques.
During the second semester the course units explore in more depth the 'operation' and the 'plant' aspects of power systems. For example, you will study how renewable generation is integrated in a power system or how to assess and remedy power quality problems.
During the summer, your MSc dissertation project gives you a chance to develop your research skills and to explore in depth one of the topics discussed during the course.
Provide an advanced education in electrical power engineering.
Give graduates the education, the knowledge and the skills they need to make sound decisions in a rapidly changing electricity supply industry.
Give a sound understanding of the principles and techniques of electrical power engineering.
Give a broad knowledge of the issues and problems faced by electrical power engineers.
Give a solid working knowledge of the techniques used to solve these problems.
You are required to take seven examinations. In addition, course work (eg lab reports) accounts for typically 20% of the mark for each course unit. One course units is assessed on the basis of course work only. The summer research project is assessed on the basis of a dissertation of about 50 pages.
Course units typically include:
Practical support and advice for current students and applicants is available from the Disability Advisory and Support Service. Email: [email protected]
Over the last thirty years, hundreds of students from around the world have come to the University to obtain an MSc in Electrical Power Engineering or similar. After graduation, they went on to work for electric utilities, equipment manufacturers, specialised software houses, universities and consultancy companies.
This is a 12 month full-time Masters degree (See http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-renewable-energy-development-red-/ ) course taught at our Orkney Campus. It involves studying 8 taught courses and completing a research dissertation equivalent to 4 taught courses. If you can demonstrate that you have already mastered the subject, you may apply for an exemption from one of the taught courses and undertake a Design Project instead.
For more information visit http://www.hw.ac.uk/schools/life-sciences/research/icit.htm
The Renewable Energy Development MSc/Diploma is also available for independent distance learning. For distance learners, the main difference is that you will undertake the Development Project alone rather than as part of a group. You can still obtain the full MSc in Renewable Energy Development, or you can opt to study fewer courses, depending on your needs.
- Energy in the 21st Century
This course is designed to give you a broad understanding of the environmental, political and socio-economic context for current developments in renewable energy. The course examines the extent of current energy resources and how energy markets function. It covers some energy basics you will need for the rest of the programme (e.g. thermodynamics, efficiency conversions) as well as environmental issues associated with energy use, climate change and the political and policy challenges involved in managing energy supply and achieving energy security.
- Economics of renewable energy
This course gives an understanding of the economic principles and mechanisms which affect energy markets today. It covers price mechanisms, the economics of extracting energy and the cost-efficiency of renewable energy technologies. You will learn about economic instruments used by policy-makers to address environment and energy issues, economic incentives to stimulate renewable energy development and about environmental valuation.
- Environmental Policy & Risk
This course explores the legal and policy context in which renewable energy is being exploited. You will gain an understanding of international law, particularly the Law of the Sea, property rights and how these relate to different energy resources. The course also looks at regulatory issues at the international, European and UK level, which affect how energy developments are taken forward, as well as risk assessment and management in the context of renewable energy developments.
- Environmental Processes
Particularly for those without a natural science background, this course provides a broad overview of the environmental processes which are fundamental to an understanding of renewable energy resources and their exploitation. You will study energy flows in the environment, environmental disturbance associated with energy use, and an introduction to the science of climate change. You will also learn about ecosystems and ecological processes including population dynamics and how ecosystems affect and interact with energy generation.
- Renewable Technology I: Generation
This course explores how energy is extracted from natural resources: solar, biomass, hydro, wind, wave and tide. It examines how to assess and measure the resources, and the engineering solutions which have been developed to extract energy from them. You will develop an understanding of the technical challenges and current issues affecting the future development of the renewable energy sector.
- Renewable Technology II: Integration
This course explores the technical aspects of generating renewable energy and integrating it into distribution networks. You will learn about the electricity grid and how electrical power and distribution systems work. You will find out about different renewable fuel sources and end uses, and the challenges of energy storage.
- Development Appraisal
Looking at what happens when renewable energy technologies are deployed, this course examines development constraints and opportunities: policy and regulatory issues (including strategic environmental assessment, environmental impact assessment, landscape assessment, capacity issues and the planning system). It also looks at the financial aspects (valuation of capital assets, financing projects and the costs of generating electricity) and at project management.
- Development Project
This is a team project, where students have the opportunity to apply what they have learned through the other courses in relation to a hypothetical project. You have to look at a range of issues including resource assessment, site selection, development layout, consents, planning and economic appraisal, applying the knowledge and tools you have studied.
- Optional design project
For students who can demonstrate existing knowledge covered by one of the courses, there is the option of understanding a design project supervised by one of our engineers.
This research project (equivalent in assessment to 4 taught courses) allows you to focus on a specific area of interest, with opportunities to collaborate with businesses and other stakeholders. You choose your dissertation subject, in discussion with your supervisor.
- Additional information
If you study at our Orkney Campus, you will also benefit from a number of activities including guest lectures and practical sessions, which help to develop your skills and knowledge in your field of study, and offer opportunities to meet developers and others involved in the renewable energy industry.
We have a number of fully funded Scottish Funding Council (SFC) scholarships available for students resident in Scotland applying for Renewable Energy Development (RED) MSc. Find out more about this scholarship and how to apply http://www.hw.ac.uk/student-life/scholarships/postgraduate-funded-places.htm .
If your first language is not English, or your first degree was not taught in English, we’ll need to see evidence of your English language ability. The minimum requirement for English language is IELTS 6.5 or equivalent. We offer a range of English language courses to help you meet the English language requirement prior to starting your masters programme:
- 14 weeks English (for IELTS of 5.5 with no more than one skill at 4.5);
- 10 weeks English (for IELTS of 5.5 with minimum of 5.0 in all skills);
- 6 weeks English (for IELTS 5.5 with minimum of 5.5 in reading & writing and minimum of 5.0 in speaking & listening)
Please note that independent distance learning students who access their studies online will be expected to have access to a PC/laptop and internet.
Find information on Fees and Scholarships here http://www.postgraduate.hw.ac.uk/prog/msc-renewable-energy-development-red-/
The MSc in New and Renewable Energy is designed to equip our graduates with the skills required to meet the growing challenge to achieve energy and environmental sustainability through the application of new and renewable energy technologies. The programme aims to enable students to develop the capacity to solve problems across the traditional Engineering boundaries and to have an appreciation of complete energy systems from source to end user, to have knowledge of the relevant technologies and to understand the interactions between them. The programme also provides students with the opportunity to develop skills in research, development, design and project management through individual and team-based project work.
The programme consists of four core modules to provide an advanced engineering education in New and Renewable Energy technologies alongside an optional module that allows students to increase their understanding in a core area suited to their interests and needs. The modules include lecture courses, laboratory experiments, a group design project and a major, individual research and development project.
Students select one optional module. In previous years optional modules have included:
This is a 12-month full time programme beginning at the start of the academic year and finishing with students submitting a report and completing an oral examination on their chosen research and development project. The programme consists of four core modules to provide a solid education in a broad range of New and Renewable Energy technologies. A choice of one from two optional modules allows students to choose a study programme most suited to their interests and needs. The modules include lecture courses, a group design project and an individual research and development project.
Students select one of two optional modules. These modules typically include 38 hours of lectures in addition to coursework and laboratory experiments, allowing students to develop research skills in parallel with lectures. The modules are designed to increase a student’s understanding in either thermodynamics and fluid mechanics or electrical engineering. Students are advised to select the module which they feel would best support their learning needs.
The core lecture modules typically involve 38 hours of lectures and cover topics such as electricity generation from renewable and conventional sources, transmission and distribution (including smart networks), electricity markets and optimisation, and low carbon technologies (including electrical vehicles).
The third core module is a group design project focused on a realistic application of renewable energy technology. Students gain experience of teamwork, presentation skills and project management, as well as the technical aspects of engineering design. Students also benefit from this opportunity to develop their research skills in preparation for their individual research and development project.
A major individual research and development project completes the core modules. This provides an open-ended challenge to each individual student, in collaboration with a staff supervisor. Regular meetings are held with the supervisor to discuss project progress and planning issues. A mid-term assessment is carried out to ensure project is on track. At the end of the project students are required to submit a final report on their work, in the style of a research paper. They are also required to prepare and present a poster to encourage further development of their ability to present their work to staff and their peers. An oral examination is held to allow detailed questions to be put to the student regarding the technical aspects of their project. Students should expect to have up to 15 hours of contact time with their supervisors plus over 500 hours of research work and preparation, supported by the School’s technicians and other research workers, over the course of their research projects.
Postgraduate degree programme: Electrical Power Systems Masters/MSc:
The 3rd energy industry revolution is taking place where the key is the development of electrical power systems in the contexts of smart grids. Electrical power systems are playing a pivotal role in the development of a sustainable energy supply, enabling renewable energy generation. Globally there is a big shortage of skilled engineers for designing, operating, controlling and the economic analysis of future electricity networks – smart grids
The MSc Electrical Power Systems will give you the timely skills and specialist knowledge required to significantly enhance your career prospects in the electrical power industry. This programme will develop your power engineering skills through expert teaching and extensive research work undertaken in collaboration with power industry partners.
Some modules will be taught by leading industry experts, offering exciting opportunities to understand the real challenges that the power industry is facing and will work with you to develop and provide innovative solutions. In addition, students working on relevant MSc projects may have the opportunity to work with leading industry experts directly.
This MSc programme meets the industrial demand for the training and education of both existing and future engineers in the advanced concepts of electrical power systems and renewable energy. It aims to produce graduates of the highest calibre with the right skills and knowledge who will be capable of leading in teams involved in the operation, control, design, and economic analysis of the electrical power systems and networks of the future – smart grids.
It will meet the demand for the research and development of sustainable electrical power systems and the demand for training and education of existing and future power engineers in the advanced concepts and understanding of sustainable electrical power systems and renewable energy.
This programme also aims to provide graduates with the ability to critically evaluate methodologies, analytical procedures and research methods in:
Patterns of study
The majority of students study our taught Masters programmes full time. Our programmes are also suitable for practising engineers who wish to study part-time or take a single module to earn Continuing Professional Development (CPD) points. Many modules are completed in three-day sessions allowing you to focus one topic at a time. Following each session of lectures there is an opportunity for you to deepen your understanding through private study and in most cases there is also an assessed assignment.
There is a shared introduction to topics from communications engineering, requirements analysis and object-oriented design, and an introduction to and recap of C programming. For the communications engineering programmes there is an introduction to key issues in the design of antennas, radio frequency circuits and link budgets. For the computing programmes there is an introduction to object-oriented programming.
These modules cover the advanced specialist topics required for your specific degree programme, such as statistical signal processing and coding and advanced digital design. These technologies are at the heart of many current developments in modern electronic systems.
Cross-programme option modules
These options specialize in topics relevant to each degree programme and give you the opportunity to adapt the programme that you have chosen to study. The prior knowledge needed for each module is specified in the student handbook to help you make the most appropriate choice. This allows you the greatest possible freedom to customise your study package appropriately.
This is an opportunity for you to develop specialist knowledge. Some projects are undertaken in collaboration with companies and, in some cases, you may work on company premises investigating issues of direct concern to future product development. Typical projects include the development of hardware for automotive radar signal processing and the detection of leaks in landfill sites, wireless access systems, 3G mobile radio for light aircraft, the creation of 3D worlds for surgery simulation and wearable computing.
Assessment and awards
Assessment is by a combination of written examination and course work. There is a strong emphasis on course work to deepen understanding. The pass mark is 50%. A merit is awarded to students with an average of 60% or more and a distinction is awarded to students with an average of 70% or more, in both taught and project modules. There are prizes for students who perform especially well overall and for those who complete exceptionally good individual projects.
This course meets the industrial demand for the training and education of both existing and future engineers in the advanced concepts of electrical power systems and renewable energy. It aims to produce graduates of the highest calibre who will be much in demand due to their skills, knowledge and ability to lead in teams involved in the operation, control, design, and economic analysis of the electrical power systems and networks of the future – smart grids.