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Masters Degrees (Common Law)

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The Master of Laws (Common Law) Program (LLM CL) is a one-year full-time course-based master's program, with a two-year part-time option. Read more
The Master of Laws (Common Law) Program (LLM CL) is a one-year full-time course-based master's program, with a two-year part-time option.

The Program, the first of its kind in Canada, provides foundational training in Canadian common law for foreign trained or non-common law trained lawyers, offering students the opportunity to complete a master's degree in Law while also working towards the course-work requirements for practicing law in Canada.

Over the course of the Program, LLM CL students must complete a minimum of 30 credits of course-work, including at least one intensive foundational course dedicated to LLM CL students. Students fulfill their remaining credits from the Allard School of Law's many graduate or upper-year JD courses, which include those courses commonly required by the National Committee on Accreditation (NCA) to practice law in Canada. Detailed information on the course-work requirements for the LLM CL Program can be found on our Curriculum page.

Courses include among others: Canadian Public Law, Canadian Private Law, Canadian Criminal Law and Procedure, Seminar in Topics in Common Law Theory and Practice.

What makes the program unique?

UBC Law, one of Canada's leading law schools, is proud of its tradition in graduate student training and is home to one of the country's oldest and most well-established graduate programs.

The program, the first of its kind in Canada, offers students the opportunity to complete a masters' degree in Law while also working towards the course-work requirements for the practice of law in Canada. If you have a foreign legal training and are interested in practicing law in Canada, then you must consult with and apply to the National Committee on Accreditation (NCA), the body charged with determining the additional qualifications required for foreign-trained lawyers to practice in Canada. The courses in the Masters of Law (LLM) Common Law Program degree are designed to meet NCA requirements.

Quick Facts

- Degree: Master of Laws (Common Law)
- Specialization: Law
- Subject: Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities
- Mode of delivery: On campus
- Program components: Coursework only
- Faculty: Faculty of Law

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A Masters programme for those who have not previously studied Law at undergraduate level. Students will take a range of modules designed to introduce them to the main areas of our legal system. Read more
A Masters programme for those who have not previously studied Law at undergraduate level

Students will take a range of modules designed to introduce them to the main areas of our legal system. Teaching will be through the medium of lectures and fortnightly graduate seminars.

You will study a range of modules designed to introduce you to the main areas of our legal system, including Tort, Contract Law and European Law amongst others.

This is a unique two-year programme offering non-law graduates the opportunity to obtain a law degree.

The Masters in Common Law is an intensive graduate entry programme providing non-law graduates with a university legal education. In addition to covering the core law subjects required by the legal professions, the course also provides you with the opportunity to select a small number of more specialist subjects of your own choice. The programme is taught through the medium of lectures and a course of dedicated seminars led by the principal lecturer in the subject.

See the website http://www.ucd.ie/law/mcl/

Your studies

The UCD Sutherland School of Law offers a wide range of modules for this Masters programme. Modules available include those designed to introduce you to the legal system, such as Tort, Contract Law, and European Law, as well as additional modules in Issues in Criminal Law, European Human Rights Law, and Media Regulation.

On completion of your studies, you should be able to:
- Demonstrate a broad appreciation of the principal branches of the discipline of law
- Make effective use of oral and written skills and apply ICT in learning, research and presentation of legal reports and assignments
- Work effectively as a member of a legal team with common objectives
- Plan, execute and report research conducted individually or as part of a team

Your future

This degree offers you the relevant recognitions as part of the process of becoming a barrister or solicitor in Ireland. You may also choose to work in the commercial field complete with a strong legal background. The MCL is one of the Kings Inn’s approved degrees.

Careers

With this degree you would be allowed the relevant recognitions as part of the process of becoming a barrister or solicitor in Ireland. Or you may go on to work in the commercial field complete with a strong legal background. The MCL is one of the Kings Inn’s approved degrees.

We have an excellent Careers Development Centre here at UCD, designed to help you with information regarding future employment or studies. UCD hold a number of graduate events throughout the year including a dedicated law fair at which at which many of the big Law firms will be in attendance. The School of Law has a dedicated careers advisor on it’s Academic staff, Dr. Oonagh Breen, and a staff member from the careers office will be in attendance at the School of law on a number of occasions throughout the academic year.

Find out how to apply here http://www.ucd.ie/law/mcl/apply,80112,en.html

See the website http://www.ucd.ie/law/mcl/

Scholarships

The University and UCD Sutherland School of Law have a list of scholarships that are open to Irish, EU and International applicants.
For further information please see http://www.ucd.ie/scholarships
International students may wish to visit: http://www.ucd.ie/international

Why you should choose UCD

In the state-of-the-art UCD Sutherland School of Law, graduate students engage in advanced study with internationally renowned
specialists to develop the transformative potential of law.

The School is ranked by the authoritative QS World University Rankings amongst the world’s 100 leading law schools. Students benefit from the School’s strong links with university partners; businesses; NGOs; and, domestic, EU and international governments.
We place particular emphasis on the quality and breadth of our graduate programmes across Diploma, Masters and Doctoral levels. Our graduate degrees are available on a full-time or part-time basis, beginning in either January or September.
We also offer part-time Diploma programmes and single subject certificates with the possibility of securing CPD points and building study up to achieve diploma or masters awards.

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The Law Conversion Course - Legal Studies Common Professional Exam (CPE) is an accredited conversion course for non-law graduates aiming for a professional career in law. Read more
The Law Conversion Course - Legal Studies Common Professional Exam (CPE) is an accredited conversion course for non-law graduates aiming for a professional career in law. It satisfies all the requirements of the professional bodies including the Bar Standards Board and Solicitors Regulation Authority.

Transform your career

With over 30 years of expertise, LSBU Law has shaped the professional futures of thousands of law students. Study law in the heart of the capital - connected and convenient, with excellent transport options and a short walk from the Royal Courts of Justice.

Steps to becoming a solicitor or barrister

On successfully completing the CPE you are eligible to enter the Legal Practice Course (for intending solicitors) or the Bar Professional Training Course (for intending barristers), which has some additional entry requirements including an aptitude test and English language proficiency.

Experienced tutors

The course is taught by an experienced team of tutors most of whom are solicitors or barristers which provides you with invaluable insight into the details of legal principals and real case examples.

See the website http://www.lsbu.ac.uk/courses/course-finder/law-conversion-legal-pgdip-cpe

Modules

You'll study seven modules required by the professional bodies for students intending to apply for the Legal Practice Course (LPC) or Bar Professional Training Course (BPTC):

- Introduction to the English legal system
You'll be introduced to the basic structure of the English Legal System and the essential aspects of civil and criminal litigation. You'll explore sources of law and key skills such as statutory interpretation, reading of law reports and the concept of judicial precedent. This introductory course will assist you in the study of the core modules, where legal skills will be developed further.

- Law of the European Union
Law of the European Union reflects the importance of EU law in the English Legal system. It is important to the management of the UK economy and relevant to the financial practitioners in the City. Business leader's decisions are influenced by EU competition law. It is important to migrants and practitioners of immigration law, to consumers and trading standards officials, to all employees through employment law and to all of us in relation to the environment.

- Obligations 1 (law of contract)
This module covers the principles of English contract law, sources, development, application in context and reform and includes reference to European developments. Contract is treated from formation to discharge and remedies with underlying concepts, rationales and influences and its relation to other forms of liability. Through the subject treatment, particularly examination of judicial reasoning and legislative technique, knowledge and skills are taught and/or developed. Skills include problem-solving, critical evaluation, reasoned argument and communication.

- Obligations 2 (law of tort)
You'll learn about civil liability in tort, focusing on an in-depth analysis of negligence, employers' liability for accidents at work, occupiers' liability for dangerous premises, manufacturers' liability for dangerous products, defences and vicarious liability. You'll develop your legal skills by reading and critically analysing cases and will apply your knowledge to complex, yet everyday, problem scenarios. You'll be encouraged to become critical and independent thinkers, and to communicate your ideas and awareness of the role of policy and the need for reform in the law of tort. In addition to its importance as an area of academic interest, tort is of practical significance to the intending practitioner, featuring heavily in the case scenarios of Legal Practice and Bar Professional Courses, as well as in everyday legal practice.

- Public law
You'll study the fundamental laws, practices and principles of Public law which define and influence the relationship between the individual and the state as characterised by various governmental institutions in the UK. Detailed consideration is given to the fundamental mechanisms by which human rights are protected and government is subject to legal and political accountability. Various skills are developed including those of analysis, critical evaluation and problem solving.

- Land law
Land law is a study of relationships. You'll study the relationship between the land and the rights which can exist in or over it, the relationship between the various persons who own an estate or interest over the land or want to defeat the competing interests in or over the land. You'll look at the rights and duties of each party to that relationship, how these relationships co-exit and what happens when the relationships come into conflict. Land Law governs the relative priorities enjoyed by two or more interests concerning the same piece of land. Land Law creates clear rules and formalities as to how the owner of an interest in land can acquire, transfer or extinguish that interest in land. You'll study the interests over land which Land Law is prepared to recognise and how these interests must be protected to ensure enforceability against third parties.

- Criminal law
This module aims to develop your ability to analyse and critically evaluate problems in Criminal Law so that you become independent and reflective legal practitioners able to contribute to public debate on legal issues. The main areas taught are: murder, manslaughter, non-fatal offences against the person including sexual offences and a variety of property offences including theft and fraud, accomplice liability and inchoate offences. You'll have additional support by way of on-line quizzes and narrated summaries.

- Equity and trusts
Principles of Equity are vital in the administration of justice. The 'trust' is a legal doctrine developed from those principles of equity which is fundamental to the commercial, business and employment worlds (pensions) and to individuals in the gifting of their property (personal trusts; wills).

- Project module
The project module satisfies the requirement of the academic stage of legal education that one other area of legal study must be successfully undertaken in addition to the seven modules which constitute the "Foundations of Legal Knowledge." It comprises the completion of a 4000 word extended essay, under the supervision of a member of the academic staff, based on the analysis of legal literature which takes differing interpretations over an issue related to law or its underlying theories. Its aim is to foster the development of the key elements of legal reasoning and legal method, research methods used in the conduct of autonomous research in law or law related topics as well as the development of skills in relation to the review and evaluation of journal articles, advanced texts and other secondary legal material.
Dissertation for the award of LLM

- Dissertation (LLM only)
This is an optional module as it is not required to complete the academic stage of legal education and so is not required to obtain the postgraduate diploma in legal studies and the common professional examination. Its successful completion is required to obtain the LLM. A prerequisite to undertake this module is the successful completion and award of the postgraduate diploma in legal studies and the common professional examination. It comprises the completion of a 15,000 word Master's level dissertation under the supervision of an appropriate academic member of staff. It requires the student to independently conceive, plan and execute an appropriate piece of research based on firm academic and theoretical foundations. The module builds upon the research skills already acquired in the successful completion of the postgraduate diploma in legal studies and common professional examination.

Assessment

Most modules are assessed by exams, exams plus coursework or presentations.

Award
X8 modules = PgDip + CPE
X8 modules and dissertation = LLM

Employability

- Solicitor or Barrister
This course can lead to one of many careers in law from a professional qualification as solicitor or barrister to a wide variety of careers in both public and private sectors.

While our graduates may go on to join professional courses leading to qualification as a solicitor or barrister, the Diploma is also useful for numerous jobs that value skills in analysis, clear communication, efficient organisation and reasoned persuasion.

- BSB and SRA
This course is fully recognised by the Bar Standards Board and Solicitors Regulation Authority and constitutes completion of the Academic Stage of Training for the purposes of further study on either the Legal Practice Course (for intending solicitors) or the Bar Professional Training Course for intending barristers (with additional entry requirements including an aptitude test and English language proficiency).

LLM Progression

Unlike a Graduate Diploma in Law our PgDip Legal Studies plus CPE is a postgraduate level qualification. After successfully completing the course you'll accumulate sufficient postgraduate credits to be eligible to submit for the further award of LLM by dissertation.

The LLM is an optional qualification additional to your Postgraduate Diploma in Legal Studies. To obtain the LLM you must successfully complete a supervised 15,000 word dissertation for which preparation has already been undertaken by your successful completion of the project module forming part of the programme leading to the PgDip Legal Studies plus CPE. The Masters dissertation is usually submitted in the semester following completion of the PgDip Legal Studies plus CPE. You'll not be required to attend classes when researching and writing your dissertation and you'll therefore be able to enrol on the Legal Practice Course or Bar Professional Training Course in the September following the successful completion of the PgDip in Legal Studies.

LSBU Employability Services

LSBU is committed to supporting you develop your employability and succeed in getting a job after you have graduated. Your qualification will certainly help, but in a competitive market you also need to work on your employability, and on your career search. Our Employability Service will support you in developing your skills, finding a job, interview techniques, work experience or an internship, and will help you assess what you need to do to get the job you want at the end of your course. LSBU offers a comprehensive Employability Service, with a range of initiatives to complement your studies, including:

- direct engagement from employers who come in to interview and talk to students
- Job Shop and on-campus recruitment agencies to help your job search
- mentoring and work shadowing schemes.

Teaching and learning

The primary aims of the course are to ensure that you achieve a sound understanding of English law covered in the seven foundation subjects, which provides a solid grasp of the structure and operation of the English legal system.

Classes consist of a mixture of lectures and smaller group meetings where exam technique and problem solving approaches are practiced. The course is well supported by online materials and search resources, which can be accessed off-campus.

You'll have free access to OUP Law TROVE to access books for all foundation subjects.

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With the growing importance of world trade, lawyers are expected to look beyond national jurisdictions and understand issues of public international law and international commercial law. Read more
With the growing importance of world trade, lawyers are expected to look beyond national jurisdictions and understand issues of public international law and international commercial law. Legal employers now place a high premium on graduates with international commercial law skills. This programme focuses on the law and legal framework governing the international community, as well as various legal issues surrounding international trade and global markets.

Visit the website http://www2.gre.ac.uk/study/courses/pg/law/intllaw

Law

With the growing importance of world trade, lawyers are expected to look beyond national jurisdictions and understand issues of public international law and international commercial law. Legal employers now place a high premium on graduates with international commercial law skills and our LLM focuses on the law and legal framework governing the international community, as well as various legal issues surrounding international trade and global markets.

What you'll study

We regularly update our programmes to reflect the ever-changing nature of the discipline, so the programme structure, mode and the courses and course structure can be subject to change. The list provided here is for illustrative purposes only. Please note that some 'core' courses are only open to certain students - for further details on any restrictions that apply or, for any other query on the programme's structure, please contact the School of Law (insert hyperlink to ).

Structure for the full-time programme starting in September 2016:

Core courses

Students are required to study the following compulsory courses:

- Research methods in law (15 credits)

- Common law foundations OR pro bono placement (15 credits) (NOTE: Certain applicants will only be permitted to study common law foundations - please see note 1 below for details)

- Corporate law OR public international law (30 credits) (NOTE: Certain applicants may not have a choice of option OR may not be able to study either option - please see note 2 below for details)

- Dissertation (60 credits)

Important notes on core courses

1. Where a student has the choice of common law foundations or the pro bono placement, overseas students who do not have any experience of a common law jurisdiction only be permitted to take common law foundations. Also, any former University of Greenwich student who has already taken the pro bono placement as an option in the 3rd year of one of the University's LLB programmes, will not be permitted to take this course on the LLM programme.

2. Any former University of Greenwich student who has already taken corporate law or public international law as part of one of the University's LLB programmes, will not be permitted to take the same course(s) again as part of the LLM programme.

Anyone with any query about Note 1 or 2 above should contact the School of Law at .

Option courses

Students are required to choose two 30-credit options from the following:

- International labour law (30 credits)
- Intellectual property law (30 credits)
- International human rights law (30 credits)
- Competition law (30 credits)
- International criminal law (30 credits)
- Public shipping law (30 credits)
- Banking and finance law (30 credits)
- International trade law (30 credits)
- Environment, regulation and responsibility (30 credits)
- Oil and gas law (30 credits)
- Business, human rights and the environment (30 credits)
- Commercial landlord and tenant law (30 credits)
- Law of maritime security (30 credits)

Fees and finance

Your time at university should be enjoyable and rewarding, and it is important that it is not spoilt by unnecessary financial worries. We recommend that you spend time planning your finances, both before coming to university and while you are here. We can offer advice on living costs and budgeting, as well as on awards, allowances and loans.

Find out more about our fees and the support available to you at our:
- Postgraduate finance pages (http://www.gre.ac.uk/finance/pg)
- International students' finance pages (http://www.gre.ac.uk/finance/international)

Assessment

You will be assessed through coursework, class presentations and a dissertation.

Career opportunities

Graduates may take up careers with international institutions or nongovernmental organisations, or pursue university teaching and further research.

Find out how to apply here - http://www2.gre.ac.uk/study/apply

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Developing an elaborate understanding of European and international law, including in-depth knowledge of the external dimension of EU law and the rules that govern the Union’s international relations. Read more
Developing an elaborate understanding of European and international law, including in-depth knowledge of the external dimension of EU law and the rules that govern the Union’s international relations.

The Master’s specialisation in International and European Law Advanced gives you the opportunity to acquire an advanced understanding of the core issues of European Union law and public international law. This specialisation offers considerable freedom to focus on the subjects that you find most relevant for your future career. Besides EU competition law and external relations law, you may choose to enrol in courses on topics of public international law, including international arbitration or international individual criminal responsibility. You may also further deepen your knowledge of EU internal market law, immigration law, or European private law. You can therefore apply a particular focus yourself, and opt for a thematic package instead of a purely disciplinary one, something that is not common in other programmes and law schools.

See the website http://www.ru.nl/masters/europeanlaw/advanced

Peace, security, human rights and sustainable development

All important issues that are relevant in today’s globalised landscape will be discussed in the courses, for example, maintaining peace and security, protecting human rights, and promoting sustainable development. The core programme centres on how the European Union law upholds these principles, and how it relates to and influences other actors like the United States, the BRIC countries, and international organisations such as the United Nations. Students will become fully aware of the dynamic interplay between national, European and international law: a process that develops and changes constantly.

Unlike other specialisations in the Master’s programme of European Law, this specialisation aims at training students to become a generalist in the field: a person with intricate and comprehensive knowledge of international and European law who grasps the bigger picture. The programme is therefore well-suited to those interested in a profession in academia and research, legal consultancy or diplomacy.

Why study International and European Law Advanced at Radboud University?

- Many of our lecturers are also law practitioners. We can therefore not only teach our students the black letter law, but also add our own professional experiences, indicating the strengths and challenges of certain rules, legal instruments or strategies.

- You’ll study at a Law School that is rated number one in the Netherlands for student satisfaction.

- The Faculty of Law in Nijmegen was the first in the Netherlands to set up a dedicated European Law programme. It has built an international reputation in the field of European law, immigration law and private law, and is part of a large network that includes more than fifty universities in Europe, the United States, Asia and Australia.

- The international mix of students gives the classes and project work a multicultural touch. This will give you the extra benefit of gaining multicultural communication skills as well as a multitude of legal and cultural perspectives in this field. By the time you receive your Master's diploma, you’ll have gained excellent skills to work in the Netherlands or in any other country.

- Students of Radboud University regularly take part in international and European Law moot court competitions, enabling you to put academic theory into legal practise during your studies.

- You have the option of going abroad, either for an internship or to follow additional courses as an exchange student at our academic partner institutions. This adds to your personal international experience as well as increasing your knowledge further. Our professors have a good network, and are willing to assist you in finding a position that meets your interests, for example at the OSCE or the Council of Europe.

Change perspective

At Radboud University you will not only learn what the law entails, but also why it has come to be this way. And if a different approach might be possible. In this way you will come to a profound understanding of the law. A theoretic study is combined with practical insights to provide a good mix. Many teachers still practice law in one form or another and enrich their lectures with real-life cases. This will broaden your horizon and enhance your perspective as a lawyer.

Career prospects

Besides in-depth knowledge of international and European law, you’ll also acquire the skills needed to conduct high-level legal research, or policy analysis in adjacent fields. In the field of law, linguistic skills are also extremely important. This intensive Master’s programme enables non-native speakers to improve their legal English, in order to successfully pursue a career in an international, often English-speaking, environment.

The specialisation offers you a broad perspective on European Union and international law, and is therefore most suited to students interested to take up positions in research, consultancy or diplomacy. At the same time, graduates are also well-qualified for work in the practise of law, counselling and advocacy. Prospective employers interested in your expertise include NGOs and international organisations such as the European Commission, the European Central Bank, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the United Nations, international courts and tribunals, lobby organisations, and charity foundations.

Our approach to this field

At Radboud University, we strive for clear practical relevance of academic knowledge.
1. Many of our lecturers are also law practitioners. We can therefore not only teach our students the black letter law, but also add our own professional experiences, indicating the strengths and challenges of certain rules, legal instruments or strategies.

2. Guest speakers are regularly invited to share their experiences, enlightening students with real-world scenarios, and providing them with tips on how to deal with cases that don’t follow the official norms.

3. In the Master’s programme in European Law we focus on the law in force, and in accordance with the approach of professionals, focus on justifying decisions in legal terms, in reference to legal rules, principles, and precedents. However, we don’t shy away from critically analysing those rules, principles and precedents, indicating possible alternatives and desired emendations where necessary.


See the website http://www.ru.nl/masters/europeanlaw/advanced

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Degree. Master of Laws (LL.M.). Specialization. European and Transnational Law of Intellectual Property and Information Technology. Read more

Key points

Degree: Master of Laws (LL.M.).

Specialization: European and Transnational Law of Intellectual Property and Information Technology.

Language of instruction: English.

Duration: 1 year (1 October to 30 September).

Workload: 60 ECTS credits.

Admission requirements: bachelor's degree plus 1 year of professional experience.

Tuition fee: 7,800 euros; early applicants 7,200 euros.

Application deadline: 30 June.

Maximum number of participants: 30.

Overview

The LL.M. in European and Transnational Intellectual Property and Information Technology Law (LIPIT) is a postgraduate program directed at providing the in-depth understanding of legal issues arising from the creation and use of literary or artistic works, mechanical or scientific inventions, digital information, and other intangible assets. It covers a wide variety of subjects, including copyright, patents, trademarks, telecommunications, electronic commerce, information security, and data protection.

Because it is more and more common for transactions with intellectual property and information technology products to transcend national boundaries, this LL.M. Program is conceived as distinctly international and comparative in nature. Solutions from various legal systems are often presented when examining modern problems of the IP and IT law, and cases spreading over two or more countries are regularly discussed and analyzed. One consequence of such an approach is that this Program is suitable for lawyers and other professionals from different countries, rather than being limited to one particular jurisdiction.

Besides the Program's international character, strong emphasis is placed on establishing the direct link to practice. Many classes are taught by experienced attorneys and other practitioners. In lectures and seminars, legal issues are examined largely through analyzing real court cases, identifying concrete common problems and searching for effective solutions to them. Through hands-on workshops and projects, newly acquired knowledge is further enhanced and developed into readily applicable practical skills.

Target group

The main target group of this LL.M. Program is lawyers working or wishing to work with creative and innovative industries. The Program is designed to expand their expertise in the IP and IT law by focusing on issues and aspects that are usually not included in a regular legal studies curriculum, for example the cross-border enforcement of rights stemming from the IP and IT law.

Since the branches of IP and IT Law lie at the intersection of the law with technology, science and arts, the Program is also open to engineers, computer scientists, media managers, and other professionals seeking to enhance their understanding of legal regulation, policies, and mechanisms of protection in the fields of intellectual property and information technology. As a result, Program participants can benefit from exchanging opinions, engaging in group projects and other forms of cooperation with graduates of other disciplines, which helps them to better understand different angles and perspectives of the topics they study.

Besides the variety of academic and professional backgrounds, we also strive to achieve diverse geographic representation in the selection of each year's Program participants. Such diversity enriches classroom discussions and collaborative activities by ensuring the exchange and application of ideas and approaches from various legal systems and cultural environments.

Program duration

Your studies at the LIPIT Program will normally take around one year (from October to September). During this time, you will have to obtain 60 ECTS credits, including 20 credits for a completion of a master's thesis. If your total post-secondary education lasted less than 4 years, you might be required to earn more credits in order to be awarded the LL.M. degree. In this case, our educational adviser will help you to work out an individual study plan that will allow you to earn the required credits without exceeding the normal Program duration.

Program language

Considering the international makeup of the Program, English has been chosen as its language of instruction. Therefore, in order to be admitted to the Program, applicants will have to demonstrate that their English language skills are sufficient for the purposes of higher education.

Though knowledge of German language is not a pre-requisite for admission, it is certainly very useful for managing everyday life and studies in Germany. Therefore, we encourage our international students to learn some German before the beginning of the Program and to take advantage of numerous language learning opportunities offered by the University of Göttingen while studying here. Specifically, students can attend all the courses offered by the University's language center (ZESS) free of charge.

Curriculum

In order to gain your LL.M. degree, you will have to obtain at least 60 ECTS credits. 20 credits will be awarded for the completion of the individual master's module, which involves the preparation and writing of a master's thesis. The remaining 40 ECTS credits can be obtained by completing a sufficient number of group study modules, each of which equals to at least 5 ECTS credits. The list of modules can vary slightly from year to year, but the examples below generally provide a good idea of the available modules:

Fundamentals of Intellectual Property Law
Fundamentals of Information Technology Law
Advanced Intellectual Property Law
Advanced Information Technology Law
E-Commerce Law
Competition Law
Data Protection Law
Media and Telecommunications Law
Information Technology and Legal Informatics
Economic Foundations of IP and IT Law
International and Comparative IP and IT Law
Transnational Enforcement of IP and IT Law

Why study in Göttingen?

The University of Göttingen is constantly ranked among the best German higher education institutions in various national and international university rankings. Since its foundation in 1737, it has provided excellent study and research opportunities to students and scholars from all over the world, including more than 40 Nobel Prize winners. Besides the instruction and guidance from prominent professors and other experts, Göttingen students benefit from the access to first-class study facilities, for example Göttingen State and University Library, which is one of the largest libraries in Germany, containing around 8 million items and providing access to numerous legal and other scholarly databases.

Göttingen University's Faculty of Law enjoys excellent reputation for teaching, research, and professional development. Throughout the centuries of its existence, it has been renowned for advancing the legal science and offering outstanding legal training by eminent jurists like Johann Stephan Pütter or Rudolf von Jhering. Consequently, Göttingen has always been a very attractive place for those wishing to study law, including some famous historic figures like Otto von Bismarck or Wilhelm von Humboldt.

A number of attractive features make studying law in Göttingen especially rewarding. For example, legal education here has a strong link to practice, offering classes not only by professors, but also by practicing attorneys and other practitioners. In addition, many professors are also active outside the academia, for example as legal advisers, members of legislative commissions or judges of highest courts.

Another appealing aspect of Göttingen Law Faculty is its internationality. As well as hosting students from all over the world and providing numerous exchange opportunities, the Faculty also offers classes by visiting professors from other countries and is involved in continuous international cooperation through various dedicated bodies like German-Chinese Legal Science Institute or European Academy of Law and ICT.

Further advantages for law students in Göttingen derive from the wide variety of specialized institutes and other specialization clusters, which ensure that numerous legal subjects can be studied from multiple perspectives and in all their aspects. For example, the Institute of Business Law lets the students of IP and IT law benefit from the combined expertise of Professor Körber, a well-known expert on telecommunication law, competition law and law of search engines; Professor Spindler, the author of popular commentaries and monographs on e-commerce, electronic media, open source and other topics; Professor Wiebe, renowned for his works on ICT law, unfair competition, copyright and data protection; as well as other specialists in these and related areas. Professors Körber, Spindler and Wiebe are also involved in numerous legal policy development activities in Germany, Europe and beyond. These professors were actively engaged in establishing the LIPIT Program and currently they make up its Academic Board.

In addition to lectures and seminars by well-known experts in their fields, students can take advantage of various conferences, workshops, and study trips organized or co-organized by the Faculty or individual professors. For example, students can participate in the yearly International Research Forum on Law and ICT/IP, Göttingen IT Law Forum, and the Summer School of European IP and ICT Law.

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International trade is a complex and ever evolving area, requiring practitioners to be at the cutting edge of the subject. Read more
International trade is a complex and ever evolving area, requiring practitioners to be at the cutting edge of the subject.

On the LLM International Trade Law you will acquire a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international trade, such as international sale contracts, carriage of goods and international dispute resolution and in areas such as international finance, intellectual property, international energy law and transnational competition law. You will gain specialist legal knowledge within a practical context, whilst developing expertise in these areas and enhancing your research skills.

With maximum flexibility in mind, this distance learning course allows you to work towards your LLM in stages. To access the LLM you will have previously completed the awards of Postgraduate Certificate and Postgraduate Diploma.

Students are required to pass three modules: Legal Research, International Sale Contracts, and Carriage of Goods. There are no examinations for each module. Instead, students research and write a 3,000 word essay on a topic selected by the module tutor. They graduate with the PgCert International Trade Law and may, if they wish, continue on to study for the PgDip International Trade Law the next academic year.

Learn From The Best

Study on the LLM International Trade Law and you will learn from inspirational academics that have a real passion for their subject. The course is accredited by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales, and is shaped by internationally excellent research to ensure the course is up-to-date and relevant.

Lecturers on this course have research expertise and practice-based experience in the areas of international business transactions; international commercial litigation; international commercial arbitration, international public procurement regulation; comparative corporate and financial law, and EU law; knowledge that you can draw on for your LLM project.

The course is delivered by Northumbria Law School, three times winners of the prestigious “Best Law School” accolade, awarded by the Attorney General’s Student Pro Bono Awards.

Teaching And Assessment

On this innovative distance learning LLM International Trade Law course you will acquire a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international trade, such as international sale contracts, carriage of goods and international dispute resolution and in areas such as international finance, intellectual property, international energy law and transnational competition law. There is an emphasis on reflective practice and applying what you have learnt to your own organisation.

You will learn through a combination of online lectures and seminars and eLearning technology, able to tailor the course to suit your interests and career aspirations. Modules are assessed through coursework and for the award of LLM, you will complete a 15,000-17,000-word project, based on an area related to your own practice or intended practice.

Module Overview
LW7003 - Legal Research (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7036 - Carriage of Goods (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7051 - International Sale Contracts (Core, 20 Credits)

Learning Environment

The eLearning Portal provides students with written materials that are the equivalent to ten (10) one-hour lecture periods and five (5) two-hour workshop periods on the FT LLM International Trade Law. Written lecture materials tend to focus on the delivery of a particular legal topic and written workshop materials tend to focus on the actual application of topics in practical situations which business persons or lawyers would encounter. The DL PgCert/PgDip/LLM International Trade Law is practically oriented.

There is an on-line surgery at the beginning of each module with the module tutor, and an optional Study Day is held on campus on a Saturday near the beginning of each module. The Study Day is recorded using Panopto so that students who are unable to attend in person can view and listen to the day’s learning activities. There is no difference in the substantive content of each module between the DL PgCert/PgDip International Trade Law and the FT LLM International Trade Law.

Research-Rich Learning

Research rich learning (RRL) is embedded through the programme. Law School research focuses on the areas of Law and Society, Legal Education and Professional Skills, and the Centre for Evidence and Criminal Justice Studies. These internationally recognised groups act as a focus for research activity across the Law School, and their work feeds into the courses to ensure taught course content is informed by research developments in the sector.

The LLM culminates in the project module in which you will undertake a piece of independent legal research, informed by current practice and advanced scholarship and research, including a critical awareness and evaluation of current issues and developments in the field.

Give Your Career An Edge

The LLM is designed to enhance your career prospects in the international trade law arena. You will be encouraged to reflect upon your own practice, applying legal skills to the common problems you are experiencing or are likely to experience in practice, examine policies and undertake independent legal research to update your knowledge. You will have the opportunity to produce a project in your chosen field undertaking research and personal development in an area of particular relevance to your work.

The course is accredited for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales.

Your Future

The LLM International Trade Law course has been designed to meet the needs of practitioners in business and industry and law firms engaged in the area of international trade law.

You will graduate fully equipped with expert legal knowledge, greater awareness of legal commercial issues, and the ability to critically evaluate legal issues in the context of international trade law. You will be able to further develop your intellectual curiosity, to recognise uncertainty in the law, to produce and present reasoned arguments and to offer creative solutions to complex legal and ethical problems. You will develop your critical, analysis, research and the professional and reflective skills necessary for practice in this exciting field.

Read less
Commercial law professionals are expected to keep abreast of the commercial climate, changes and amendments in legislation, and regulations in order to support businesses in their transactions. Read more
Commercial law professionals are expected to keep abreast of the commercial climate, changes and amendments in legislation, and regulations in order to support businesses in their transactions. They need to have a wide range of knowledge regarding English legal matters, notably company law and insolvency and commercial contracts. By studying on the PG Cert Commercial Law you will begin to gain specialist legal knowledge within a practical context, whilst developing expertise in chosen areas and enhancing your research skills.

With maximum flexibility in mind, this distance learning course allows you to work towards the LLM Commercial Law in stages. Once you have completed the PG Cert you have the option to continue to PG Dip then onto LLM.

Learn From The Best

Study on the PG Cert Commercial Law and you will learn from inspirational academics that have a real passion for their subject. The course has been designed with input from the sector and shaped by internationally excellent research to ensure the course is up-to-date and relevant.

Lecturers on this course have research expertise and practice-based experience in the areas of partnership law, travel law, legal education, international business transactions; international commercial litigation and arbitration, European Union law, World trade organisation law, competition law, international dispute resolution and corporate personality; knowledge that you can draw on as you progress through the course.

The course is delivered by Northumbria Law School, three times winners of the prestigious “Best Law School” accolade, awarded by the Attorney General’s Student Pro Bono Awards.

Teaching And Assessment

This innovative distance learning PG Cert Commercial Law course is delivered through three core modules. You will examine commercial contracts, company law and insolvency and legal research. There is an emphasis on reflective practice and applying what you have learnt to your own organisation.

You are able to tailor the course to suit your interests and career aspirations as once you have completed the PG Cert you have the option to take an additional three modules and exit with the PG Dip or choose to then complete a 15,000-17,000-word project, based on an area related to your own practice, or intended practice, and graduate with the LLM Commercial Law.

Assessment, both formative and summative, forms an integral part of the learning experience. Formative assessment includes self-test questions, group discussion, informal peer assessment and non-assessed exercises. The main summative assessment method is individual assignment to encourage a deep learning and a critical approach to learning.

Learning Environment

Technology Enhanced Learning (‘TEL’) is an integral part of this innovative distance learning course. The eLearning portal provides access to detailed learning materials including lecture materials, study notes, discussion boards, virtual classrooms, self-evaluative tasks and opportunities to engage with your tutor and fellow students.

We offer optional study days in the Law School to help distance learning students get the best out of the course. Panopto software will be used to record teaching activity taking place on study days and the footage will be made available online meaning that you can learn at your own pace and at times that suit you.

Research-Rich Learning

Research is embedded throughout the course, and you will encounter all quadrants of research rich learning: research-tutored, research-led, research-based, and research-orientated. Starting with Legal Research, you will be exposed to a variety of research-informed experiences within subject modules.

Law School research focuses on the areas of Law and Society, Legal Education and Professional Skills, and the Centre for Evidence and Criminal Justice Studies. These internationally recognised groups act as a focus for research activity across the Law School, and their work feeds into the courses to ensure taught course content is informed by research developments in the sector.

Give Your Career An Edge

The PG Cert is designed to enhance your employability in the commercial law arena. Employers in the legal profession actively encourage practitioners to undertake continuing professional development and this course provides the most flexible option with the ability to graduate with a PG Cert or continue on to PG Dip and LLM.

Throughout the course, you will be supported in reflecting upon your own practice, applying legal skills to the common problems you are experiencing or are likely to experience in practice, examining policies and undertaking independent legal research to update your knowledge. The course is accredited for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales.

You also have access to specialist careers support within the Law School, including employer engagement sessions.

Your Future

You will graduate fully equipped with expert legal knowledge, greater awareness of legal commercial issues, and the ability to critically evaluate legal issues in the context of commercial law. You will be able to further develop your intellectual curiosity, to recognise uncertainty in the law, to produce and present reasoned arguments and to offer creative solutions to complex legal and ethical problems. You will develop your critical, analysis, research and the professional and reflective skills necessary for practice in this exciting field.

The PG Cert Commercial Law has been designed as a starting point to meet the distinct, identified needs of commercial law professionals and legal practitioners who may wish to enhance their knowledge and employability in this area. The nature of the course means that, on completion, the majority of graduates progress to the PG Dip and LLM Commercial Law.

Read less
An increasingly globalised economy requires international commercial law professionals to have a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international commerce, such as the World Trade Organisation and the law of international trade, and legal research. Read more
An increasingly globalised economy requires international commercial law professionals to have a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international commerce, such as the World Trade Organisation and the law of international trade, and legal research. The PG Cert in International Commercial Law has been designed as a starting point for international commercial law professionals and legal practitioners who want to continue their professional development in this area. You will gain specialist legal knowledge within a practical context, whilst developing expertise in chosen areas and enhancing your research skills.

With maximum flexibility in mind, this distance learning course allows you to work towards the LLM in International Commercial Law in stages. Once you have completed the PG Cert you have the option to continue to PG Dip then onto LLM.

Learn From The Best

Study on the PG Cert in International Commercial Law and you will learn from inspirational academics that have a real passion for their subject. The course has been designed with input from the sector and shaped by internationally excellent research to ensure the course is up-to-date and relevant.

Lecturers on this course have research expertise and practice-based experience in the areas of partnership law, travel law, legal education, international business transactions, international commercial litigation, international commercial arbitration and corporate personality; knowledge that you can draw on as you progress through the course.

The course is delivered by Northumbria Law School, three times winners of the prestigious “Best Law School” accolade, awarded by the Attorney General’s Student Pro Bono Awards.

Teaching And Assessment

This innovative distance learning PG Cert in International Commercial Law course is delivered through three core modules. You will examine legal aspects of international trade, world trade organisation law, and legal research, with an emphasis on the practical application of the law in a professional environment. You will learn through a combination of online lectures and seminars and eLearning technology.

You are able to tailor the course to suit your interests and career aspirations as once you have completed the PG Cert you have the option to take an additional three modules and exit with the PG Dip or choose to then complete a 15,000-17,000-word project, based on an area related to your own practice or intended practice and graduate with the LLM in International Commercial Law.

Module Overview
LW7003 - Legal Research (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7042 - Law of International Trade (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7044 - World Trade Organisation Law (Core, 20 Credits)

Learning Environment

Technology Enhanced Learning (‘TEL’) is an integral part of this innovative distance learning course. The eLearning portal provides access to detailed learning materials including lecture materials, study notes, discussion boards, virtual classrooms, self-evaluative tasks and opportunities to engage with your tutor and fellow students.

We offer optional study days in the Law School to help distance learning students get the best out of the course. Panopto software will be used to record teaching activity taking place on study days and the footage will be made available online, meaning that you can learn at your own pace and at times that suit you.

Research-Rich Learning

Research is embedded throughout the course, and you will encounter all quadrants of research rich learning: research-tutored, research-led, research-based, and research-orientated. Starting with Legal Research, you will be exposed to a variety of research-informed experiences within subject modules.

Law School research focuses on the areas of Law and Society, Legal Education and Professional Skills, and the Centre for Evidence and Criminal Justice Studies. These internationally recognised groups act as a focus for research activity across the Law School, and their work feeds into the courses to ensure taught course content is informed by research developments in the sector.

Give Your Career An Edge

The PG Cert is designed to enhance your employability in the international commercial law arena. Employers in the legal profession actively encourage practitioners to undertake continuing professional development and this course provides the most flexible option with the ability to graduate with a PG Cert or continue on to PG Dip and LLM.

Throughout the course, you will be supported in reflecting upon your own practice, applying legal skills to the common problems you are experiencing or are likely to experience in practice, examining policies and undertaking independent legal research to update your knowledge. The course is accredited for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales.

You will also have access to specialist careers support within the Law School, including employer engagement sessions.

Your Future

The PG Cert in International Commercial Law has been designed to meet the distinct, identified needs of international commercial law professionals and legal practitioners. It will also enhance their employability of both lawyers and non-lawyers working in international commerce, as well as law graduates.

You will graduate fully equipped with expert legal knowledge, greater awareness of legal commercial issues, the ability to apply specialist knowledge to practical problems and to critically evaluate legal issues in the context of international commercial law. You will develop your critical, analysis, research and the professional and reflective skills to progress in this exciting field.

The nature of the course means that, on completion, the majority of graduates progress to the PG Dip and LLM International Commercial Law.

Read less
Commercial law professionals are expected to keep abreast of the commercial climate, changes and amendments in legislation, and regulations in order to support businesses in their transactions. Read more
Commercial law professionals are expected to keep abreast of the commercial climate, changes and amendments in legislation, and regulations in order to support businesses in their transactions. They need to have a wide range of knowledge regarding English legal matters, notably company law and insolvency and commercial contracts and in areas such as international law and intellectual property. By studying on the LLM Commercial Law you will gain specialist legal knowledge within a practical context, whilst developing expertise in chosen areas and enhancing your research skills.

With maximum flexibility in mind, this distance learning course allows you to work towards your LLM in stages. To access the LLM you will have previously completed the awards of PG Cert and PG Dip.

Learn From The Best

Study on the LLM Commercial Law and you will learn from inspirational academics that have a real passion for their subject. The course has been designed with input from the sector and shaped by internationally excellent research to ensure the course is up-to-date and relevant.

Lecturers on this course have research expertise and practice-based experience in the areas of partnership law, travel law, legal education, international business transactions; international commercial litigation and arbitration, European Union law, World trade organisation law, competition law, international dispute resolution and corporate personality; knowledge that you can draw on for your LLM project.

The course is delivered by Northumbria Law School, three times winners of the prestigious “Best Law School” accolade, awarded by the Attorney General’s Student Pro Bono Awards.

Teaching And Assessment

On this innovative distance learning LLM Commercial Law course you will acquire a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to commercial law such as commercial contracts, company law and insolvency and legal research and in areas including world trade organisation law, intellectual property, international finance, transnational competition law and international dispute resolution. There is an emphasis on reflective practice and applying what you have learnt to your own organisation.

You will learn through a combination of online lectures and seminars and eLearning technology, able to tailor the course to suit your interests and career aspirations. Modules are assessed through coursework and for the award of LLM, you will complete a 15,000-17,000-word project, based on an area related to your own practice or intended practice.

Learning Environment

Technology Enhanced Learning (‘TEL’) is an integral part of this innovative distance learning course. The eLearning portal provides access to detailed learning materials including lecture materials, study notes, discussion boards, virtual classrooms, self-evaluative tasks and opportunities to engage with your tutor and fellow students.

We offer optional study days in the Law School to help distance learning students get the best out of the course. Panopto software will be used to record teaching activity taking place on study days and the footage will be made available online.

Research-Rich Learning

Research rich learning (RRL) is embedded through the programme. Law School research focuses on the areas of Law and Society, Legal Education and Professional Skills, and the Centre for Evidence and Criminal Justice Studies. These internationally recognised groups act as a focus for research activity across the Law School, and their work feeds into the courses to ensure taught course content is informed by research developments in the sector.

The LLM culminates in the project module in which you will undertake a piece of independent legal research, informed by current practice and advanced scholarship and research, including a critical awareness and evaluation of current issues and developments in the field.

Give Your Career An Edge

The LLM is designed to enhance your career prospects in the English commercial law arena. You will be encouraged to reflect upon your own practice, applying legal skills to the common problems you are experiencing or are likely to experience in practice, examine policies and undertake independent legal research to update your knowledge. You will have the opportunity to produce a project in your chosen field undertaking research and personal development in an area of particular relevance to your work.

The course is accredited for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales.

Your Future

The LLM Commercial Law has been designed to meet the distinct, identified needs of commercial law professionals and legal practitioners who may wish to enhance their knowledge and employability in this area.

You will graduate fully equipped with expert legal knowledge, greater awareness of legal commercial issues, and the ability to critically evaluate legal issues in the context of commercial law. You will be able to further develop your intellectual curiosity, to recognise uncertainty in the law, to produce and present reasoned arguments and to offer creative solutions to complex legal and ethical problems. You will develop your critical, analysis, research and the professional and reflective skills necessary for practice in this exciting field.

Read less
An increasingly globalised economy requires international commercial law professionals to have a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international commerce, such as the World Trade Organisation and the law of international trade, and in areas such as international finance, intellectual property or international energy law. Read more
An increasingly globalised economy requires international commercial law professionals to have a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international commerce, such as the World Trade Organisation and the law of international trade, and in areas such as international finance, intellectual property or international energy law. The LLM in International Commercial Law has been designed to meet the distinct, identified needs of international commercial law professionals and legal practitioners. You will gain specialist legal knowledge within a practical context, whilst developing expertise in chosen areas and enhancing your research skills.

With maximum flexibility in mind, the course allows you to work towards your LLM in stages. To access the LLM you will have previously completed the awards of PG Cert and PG Dip.

Learn From The Best

Study on the LLM in International Commercial Law and you will learn from inspirational academics that have a real passion for their subject. The course has been designed with input from the sector and shaped by internationally excellent research to ensure the course is up-to-date and relevant.

Lecturers on this course have research expertise and practice-based experience in the areas of partnership law, travel law, legal education, international business transactions, international commercial litigation, international commercial arbitration and corporate personality; knowledge that you can draw on for your LLM project.

The course is delivered by Northumbria Law School, three times winners of the prestigious “Best Law School” accolade, awarded by the Attorney General’s Student Pro Bono Awards.

Teaching And Assessment

This innovative distance learning LLM is delivered through a series of modules with an emphasis on the practical application of the law in a professional environment. The optional modules and the dissertation give you the opportunity to focus in on areas of the law that are most relevant to your career aspirations.

You will learn through a combination of online lectures and seminars and eLearning technology, able to tailor the course to suit your interests and career aspirations. Modules are assessed through coursework and for the award of LLM, you will complete a 15,000-17,000-word project, based on an area related to your own practice or intended practice.

Module Overview
LW7034 - International Dispute Resolution (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7035 - Legal Research (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7037 - Commercial Contracts (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7039 - Intellectual Property (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7040 - International Finance (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7042 - Law of International Trade (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7043 - Transnational Competition Law (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7044 - World Trade Organisation Law (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7060 - PROJECT (LLM) (Core, 60 Credits)

Learning Environment

Technology Enhanced Learning (‘TEL’) is an integral part of this innovative distance learning course. The eLearning portal provides access to detailed learning materials including lecture materials, study notes, discussion boards, virtual classrooms, self-evaluative tasks and opportunities to engage with your tutor and fellow students.

We offer optional study days in the Law School to help distance learning students get the best out of the course. Panopto software will be used to record teaching activity taking place on study days and the footage will be made available online, meaning that you can learn at your own pace and at times that suit you.

Research-Rich Learning

Research rich learning (RRL) is embedded through the course. Law School research focuses on the areas of Law and Society, Legal Education and Professional Skills, and the Centre for Evidence and Criminal Justice Studies. These internationally recognised groups act as a focus for research activity across the Law School, and their work feeds into the courses to ensure content is informed by research developments in the sector.

The LLM culminates in the project module in which you will undertake a piece of independent legal research, informed by current practice and advanced scholarship and research, including a critical awareness and evaluation of current issues and developments in the field.

Give Your Career An Edge

The LLM is designed to enhance your employability in the international commercial law arena. You will be encouraged to reflect upon your own practice, applying legal skills to the common problems you are experiencing or are likely to experience in practice, examine policies and undertake independent legal research to update your knowledge. You will have the opportunity to produce a project in your chosen field undertaking research and personal development in an area of particular relevance to your work.

The course is accredited for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales.

You also have access to specialist career support within the Law School, including employer engagement sessions.

Your Future

The LLM in International Commercial Law has been designed to meet the distinct, identified needs of international commercial law professionals and legal practitioners. It will also enhance their employability of both lawyers and non-lawyers working in international commerce, as well as law graduates.

You will graduate fully equipped with expert legal knowledge, greater awareness of legal commercial issues, the ability to apply specialist knowledge to practical problems and to critically evaluate legal issues in the context of international commercial law. You will develop the critical, analysis, research and the professional and reflective skills necessary for practice in this exciting field.

Read less
The Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL), also sometimes referred to as the Common Professional Examination, (CPE), is a programme for non-law graduates, or those with equivalent qualifications, wishing to either enter the legal profession or work in law-relevant employment. Read more
The Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL), also sometimes referred to as the Common Professional Examination, (CPE), is a programme for non-law graduates, or those with equivalent qualifications, wishing to either enter the legal profession or work in law-relevant employment. No prior knowledge of law is required.

Key Features of Graduate Diploma in Law

The Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) is a full-time, 36-week, intensive course designed to facilitate the acquisition of sound legal knowledge in those areas of law which are known as the Foundations of Law plus one additional area of law.

- The Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) course is preceded by a two-week period of directed reading on the English Legal System and the principles of legal scholarship (no attendance required, home study)
- Teaching of the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) course commences with an induction period which includes a short block of lectures and seminars concentrating on the English Legal System, the acquisition of legal skills, and European Union Law
- The foundation subjects of Contract, Tort, Public Law, Equity & Trusts, Land Law and Criminal Law are taught by means of a series of lectures and compulsory seminars spanning two teaching blocks during the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) course;
- A further legal subject is studied by means of a supervised research project;
- Class contact averages 16 hours per week. Students on the the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) course should expect to spend a minimum of 40 hours per week, attending classes and undertaking private study.

What next after the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL)

In order to qualify as a solicitor or barrister you will have to complete the vocational stage of training. The School of Law at Swansea offer both a full-time and part-time, Legal Practice Course (LPC), successful completion of which satisfies the requirements of the Solicitors Regulation Authority. (For more information on our LPC, contact Michaela Leyshon, LPC Admissions Tutor at ).

For intending barristers, visit the Bar Standards Board at http://www.barcouncil.org.uk/careers/students/

Information on Swansea University Careers and Employability Service can be found here: http://www.swan.ac.uk/careers/

Career Prospects

Non-law graduates are being welcomed into the legal profession at an increasing rate, as they are perceived as bringing a fresh perspective to the practice of law, and now make up approximately 50% of all new lawyers. Successful completion of the Swansea Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL), which is accredited by the SRA, Bar and ILEX satisfies all of the academic requirements for admission to the vocational stage of training as a solicitor, barrister or legal executive.

UK qualified lawyers have the opportunity to not only work in local and nationally based firms and chambers, public bodies and businesses but also in legal environments around the world.

In addition, the Swansea Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) is also relevant to those wishing to enhance their job prospects in areas such as business management, the probation service, forensic psychology, trading standards, politics, human resource management, education to name a few.

Student Quote

“I completed the Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL) at Swansea University in 2010. I wanted to gain practical legal experience before continuing my studies, so found a position as a paralegal at a local high street firm. Whilst the work was interesting and challenging, I knew I wanted to work for a larger commercial firm. I moved to London and began applying for training contracts whilst working as a paralegal in Herbert Smith. I was lucky enough to be offered a contract with Edwards Wildman, a small city firm which combines a small trainee intake with top quality work and high calibre clients.

Before beginning my training I worked in-house for a start-up technology company to acquire a further diversity of experience. The position allowed me to gain valuable exposure to IP work, which is an area of law I am particularly interested in.I am currently in my first seat in the Commercial Litigation department which so far has been interesting and varied. I am enjoying my training contract and look forward to the next two years”.

Isabel Roszkowski, Graduate Diploma in Law (GDL)

Read less
The LLM/MSc Construction Law and Arbitration provides practical and valuable training in the fast moving and highly specialist disciplines of Construction Law and Dispute Resolution and Construction Adjudication. Read more
The LLM/MSc Construction Law and Arbitration provides practical and valuable training in the fast moving and highly specialist disciplines of Construction Law and Dispute Resolution and Construction Adjudication.

This course will equip the professional with an in-depth knowledge and understanding of key topics in the fields of construction law and dispute resolution. It is suitable for the wide range of professionals who need to keep up-to-date with developments in these areas. It provides an understanding of how the system works alongside knowledge and skills in the alternatives to litigation, adjudication and arbitration available. There is the option of a Construction Adjudication route - adjudication is a very common form of dispute resolution in the UK construction industry.

The course offers flexible online study by distance learning so busy professionals are able to study at their own pace. A previous degree in law is not a prerequisite for this course. The course is good for prospective students who are lawyers, Surveyors, construction industry professionals, oil and gas professional, architects, contract Managers and Administrators, project managers.

Visit the website http://www.rgu.ac.uk/law/study-options/distance-and-flexible-learning/construction-law-and-arbitration

Course detail

Practical training is enhanced by looking at recent and future developments. The focus is on UK cases and materials and, where appropriate, international aspects which will allow those students studying outwith the Scottish and UK sectors to benefit.

The course offers 3 optional study routes as follows (further details on each module are available via the links below):

ARBITRATION ROUTE

Stage 1
•Law of Obligations and Evidence (double module)
•Arbitration Law
•Arbitration Practice & Procedure

Students who are interested in the Fellowship Status of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (FCIArb) must complete the Arbitral Award Writing short course.

Exit Award: Postgraduate Certificate in Arbitration

Stage 2
•Construction Law
•Advanced Construction Law
•Construction Contracts In Context
•International Construction Contracts

Exit Award: Postgraduate Diploma in Construction Law and Arbitration

Stage 3
•Dissertation

Exit Award: LLM/MSc Construction Law and Arbitration

ADJUDICATION ROUTE

Stage 1
•Law of Obligations and Evidence (double module)
•Construction Adjudication Law
•Construction Adjudication Procedure

Students who are interested in the Fellowship Status of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (FCIArb) must complete the Adjudication Decision Writing short course.

Exit Award: Postgraduate Certificate in Adjudication

Stage 2
•Construction Law
•Advanced Construction Law
•Construction Contracts In Context
•International Construction Contracts

Exit Award: Postgraduate Diploma in Construction Law and Adjudication

Stage 3
•Dissertation

Exit Award: LLM/MSc Construction Law and Adjudication

ARBITRATION AND ADJUDICATION ROUTE

Stage 1
•Law of Obligations and Evidence (double module)
•Arbitration Law
•Arbitration Practice & Procedure

Exit Award: Postgraduate Certificate in Arbitration

Stage 2
•Construction Law
•Advanced Construction Law
•Construction Adjudication Law
•Construction Adjudication Procedure

Exit Award: Postgraduate Diploma in Construction Law, Arbitration and Adjudication

Stage 3
•Dissertation

Exit Award: LLM/MSc in Construction Law, Arbitration and Adjudication

Note: In order to meet the RICS accreditation requirements students must also complete the module in Construction Contracts In Context

Format

This course is suitable for the working professional as it is taught online, by distance learning. The flexible structure of the course allows a choice of study routes depending on discipline and professional needs. The vocational nature of the course allows the graduate to use the skills and knowledge obtained to steer their career advancement. Apart from the masters degree, students can study four modules for a Postgraduate Certificate or eight modules for a Postgraduate Diploma.

Teaching will be delivered through the University's online virtual learning environment, Campus Moodle, allowing students to interact with tutors and fellow students around the world. Online study allows for a diverse range of teaching and learning methods to be employed including interactive online discussions (including tutor-student and student-student interaction), and all supported by a dedicated technical team. The use of diverse and hi-tech learning methods promises the student a stimulating, interactive and informative learning experience.

Online Learning

Our supported distance learning mode of delivery allows you to study online from any location and is designed to fit in around your work commitments. You will be taught and supported by experienced industry professionals who will recreate the same challenging interactive format of the on-campus courses for those studying at a distance.

Our virtual learning environment, CampusMoodle offers students flexibility of where and when they can study, offering full and open access to tutors and other class members. Students have the benefit of being part of a group of learners with the invaluable opportunity to participate in active, group-related learning within a supportive online community setting. The online campus provides students with lectures and course materials and it also includes:
•Discussion forums - student and tutor led
•Up-to-date web technology for delivery methods
•User friendly material
•Access to our online library

As online learners, students are part of a 'virtual cohort' and the communication and interaction amongst members of the cohort is a significant aspect of the learning process.

Assessment methods

The course is largely assessed by way of coursework which can be completed remotely.

There is now a portfolio of assessments for the first stage – which tests students knowledge and skills in a range of different ways but which is largely undertaken in the University’s online teaching environment. This portfolio does include one closed book exam for each of the arbitration and adjudication routes (and two over two years for the "joint" route (Route C), however. This is to be sat at a venue which is arranged by the student – with the support of the University.

The second stage is assessed by way coursework submissions in answer to questions posed by teaching staff and the third stage requires submission of a 15,000 word dissertation.

Careers

With its practical perspective and recognition from the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb), this course provides a professionally recognised qualification. The international recognition and popularity of this course also means that many of our graduates have gone on to work in high level posts within both the construction and energy industries, across the globe.

Employers expectations are increasing and a high quality and relevant qualification is often considered vital alongside any necessary experience. This qualification will certainly help advance the career of graduates in a range of sectors and positions including:
• arbitration practice
• construction industry
• legal profession
• architecture
• surveying
• oil industry
• engineering

How to apply

To find out how to apply, use the following link: http://www.rgu.ac.uk/applyonline

Funding

For information on funding, including loans, scholarships and Disabled Students Allowance (DSA) please click the following link: http://www.rgu.ac.uk/future-students/finance-and-scholarships/financial-support/uk-students/postgraduate-students/postgraduate-students/

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International trade is a complex and ever evolving area, requiring practitioners to be at the cutting edge of the subject. Read more
International trade is a complex and ever evolving area, requiring practitioners to be at the cutting edge of the subject. On the LLM International Trade Law you will acquire a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international trade, such as international sale contracts, carriage of goods and international dispute resolution and in areas such as international finance, intellectual property, international energy law and transnational competition law. You will gain specialist legal knowledge within a practical context, whilst developing expertise in these areas and enhancing your research skills.

With maximum flexibility in mind, this distance learning course allows you to work towards your LLM in stages. To access the LLM you will have previously completed the awards of Postgraduate Certificate and Postgraduate Diploma.

Learn From The Best

Study on the LLM International Trade Law and you will learn from inspirational academics that have a real passion for their subject. The course is accredited by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales, and is shaped by internationally excellent research to ensure the course is up-to-date and relevant.

Lecturers on this course have research expertise and practice-based experience in the areas of international business transactions; international commercial litigation; international commercial arbitration, international public procurement regulation; comparative corporate and financial law, and EU law; knowledge that you can draw on for your LLM project.

The course is delivered by Northumbria Law School, three times winners of the prestigious “Best Law School” accolade, awarded by the Attorney General’s Student Pro Bono Awards.

Teaching And Assessment

On this innovative distance learning LLM International Trade Law course you will acquire a wide range of knowledge on issues relevant to international trade, such as international sale contracts, carriage of goods and international dispute resolution and in areas such as international finance, intellectual property, international energy law and transnational competition law. There is an emphasis on reflective practice and applying what you have learnt to your own organisation.

You will learn through a combination of online lectures and seminars and eLearning technology, able to tailor the course to suit your interests and career aspirations. Modules are assessed through coursework and for the award of LLM, you will complete a 15,000-17,000-word project, based on an area related to your own practice or intended practice.

Module Overview
LW7034 - International Dispute Resolution (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7035 - Legal Research (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7036 - Carriage of Goods (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7037 - Commercial Contracts (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7039 - Intellectual Property (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7040 - International Finance (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7041 - International Sale Contracts (Core, 20 Credits)
LW7043 - Transnational Competition Law (Optional, 20 Credits)
LW7060 - PROJECT (LLM) (Core, 60 Credits)

Learning Environment

Technology Enhanced Learning (‘TEL’) is an integral part of this innovative distance learning course. The eLearning portal provides access to detailed learning materials including lecture materials, study notes, discussion boards, virtual classrooms, self-evaluative tasks and opportunities to engage with your tutor and fellow students.

We offer optional study days in the Law School to help distance learning students get the best out of the course. Panopto software will be used to record teaching activity taking place on study days and the footage will be made available online, meaning that you can learn at your own pace and at times that suit you.

Research-Rich Learning

Research rich learning (RRL) is embedded through the programme. Law School research focuses on the areas of Law and Society, Legal Education and Professional Skills, and the Centre for Evidence and Criminal Justice Studies. These internationally recognised groups act as a focus for research activity across the Law School, and their work feeds into the courses to ensure taught course content is informed by research developments in the sector.

The LLM culminates in the project module in which you will undertake a piece of independent legal research, informed by current practice and advanced scholarship and research, including a critical awareness and evaluation of current issues and developments in the field.

Give Your Career An Edge

The LLM is designed to enhance your career prospects in the international trade law arena. You will be encouraged to reflect upon your own practice, applying legal skills to the common problems you are experiencing or are likely to experience in practice, examine policies and undertake independent legal research to update your knowledge. You will have the opportunity to produce a project in your chosen field undertaking research and personal development in an area of particular relevance to your work.

The course is accredited for Continuing Professional Development (CPD) by the Law Society of England and Wales and the General Council of the Bar of England and Wales.

Your Future

The LLM International Trade Law course has been designed to meet the needs of practitioners in business and industry and law firms engaged in the area of international trade law.

You will graduate fully equipped with expert legal knowledge, greater awareness of legal commercial issues, and the ability to critically evaluate legal issues in the context of international trade law. You will be able to further develop your intellectual curiosity, to recognise uncertainty in the law, to produce and present reasoned arguments and to offer creative solutions to complex legal and ethical problems. You will develop your critical, analysis, research and the professional and reflective skills necessary for practice in this exciting field.

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The specialist LLM in European Union (EU) Law offers a thorough grounding in the law of the European Union across many commercial disciplines as well as the critically important European Convention on Human Rights. Read more
The specialist LLM in European Union (EU) Law offers a thorough grounding in the law of the European Union across many commercial disciplines as well as the critically important European Convention on Human Rights.

Who is it for?

The Specialism in European Union law will be of significant advantage to those who seek to work in professional, public and commercial sectors involving EU law rules and practices. As the influence of the European Union in international governance continues to grow, this specialism should also attract international students seeking to develop a career in research and policy at a global level.

Objectives

The Specialist LLM in European Union Law provides you with the knowledge, skills and insight required for the practice and application of European Union (EU) law. The City Law School is one of very few Higher Education institutions in the UK offering as broad a range of electives in European Union related legal subjects.

This exciting course will equip you with the fundamentals of European Union law including free movement rules within the EU, EU business regulation, EU public law, EU procedural law, and EU Competition law. Other less common areas, including human rights would also be investigated in the key electives. You will have the opportunity to research novel and developing areas of EU law under the guidance of expert EU law tutors.

Placements

Each year a small number of internships become available and you will be provided with information about such opportunities and how to apply during the year of your study.

Academic facilities

As a City Law School student you will benefit from everything the Institution has to offer including the Learning Success department and Lawbore, an online resource designed to help you find the information you need for the course modules. All course modules have online depositories through Moodle.

As part of the University of London you can also become a member of Senate House Library for free with your student ID card.

You will benefit from City, University of London’s extensive library of hard copy and electronic resources, including its comprehensive database of domestic and international caselaw, legislation, treaties and legal periodicals. There are two law-specific libraries – one at the Gray’s Inn campus and one at our Northampton square campus - with individual study spaces and dedicated rooms for group work.

Additionally, we are a short walk away from the British Library and the Law Library of the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies.

Teaching and learning

This course is taught by leading academics as well as visiting practitioners including barristers and solicitors who work in private practice and in legal departments of major companies.

All modules are structured as 10 weekly two-hour seminars which comprise both lectures as well as interactive tutorials. All modules are supported by our online learning platform - Moodle.

Assessment

Assessment is by way of coursework which comprises 100% of the final mark in each module. Each module carries the same weight in terms of the overall qualification.

You will be allocated a dedicated supervisor for your dissertation who will help you develop a specific topic and provide support in terms of resources, content and structure.

Modules

As with all LLM specialisms at City, University of London, you may take either five modules and a shorter dissertation (10,000 words) or four modules and a longer dissertation (20,000 words). All modules are of the same duration and are taught per term (September – December or January – April) rather than the whole academic year. If you take four modules you will take two per term in each term and if you take five modules will have three in one term and two in the other. Dissertations are written during the summer term when there are no classes.

In order to obtain this specialism, you must choose at least three modules from within this specialism and write your dissertation on a subject within the specialism.

Specialism modules - choose from the following 30-credit modules:
-Air and Space Law
-European Integration: Law, Politics, Institutions
-Human Rights in the EU
-EU Litigation
-Substantive EU Competition Law
-European Business Regulation I: Foundations, Goods, Workers, Citizenship
-European Business Regulation II: Establishment, Services, Capital, Harmonisation
-Regulation of Online Entertainment

For your remaining modules you can choose from more than 50 modules covering a diverse range of subjects.

Career prospects

Graduates with an LLM in European Union Law will be very well-placed to pursue a legal career, which requires in-depth knowledge of European Union law and/or the European Convention on Human Rights.

Many of our graduates enter the legal profession, either in the UK as solicitors or barristers, or in overseas jurisdictions; others find employment in the public sector or in non-governmental agencies and organisations. This course is also particularly helpful for students who wish to work as officials at the European Union or the Council of Europe. The City Law School has a vibrant Pro Bono programme including our award-winning commercial law clinic for tech start-ups Start-Ed.

Students who complete the LLM may wish to continue their academic studies by enrolling in a PhD offered by The City Law School.

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