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Your programme of study. The General Law programme at Aberdeen is one of the best programmes in terms of scope and areas of interest you can choose to study at advanced level. Read more

Your programme of study

The General Law programme at Aberdeen is one of the best programmes in terms of scope and areas of interest you can choose to study at advanced level. If your first degree was in a specific area of law there is nothing preventing you from choosing another area of law completely or a complementary area. You could study environmental law areas such as oil and gas law, energy and environmental law, low carbon energy transition with further environmental regulation. If you are more interested in criminal law you could look at Criminology, the politics of human rights, humanitarian law.  If you are more interested in business you might choose international law, intellectual property law, world trade organisation or for business with a creative aspect you might think about specialist in cultural property issues or law for business and arts and museums law.  There are many possible mixes of these general areas of law you might want to explore. Employment possibilities are huge from this range of areas of law and include all notable areas to practise law and careers within the legal profession to welfare sectors such as employment, business, HR and finance.

Law careers

You may become a Barrister if you wish to represent people at High Court and Magistrates court to put legal argument forward for decision. You could start off as a legal executive to later qualify as a solicitor with further training or after a number of years experience you may wish to become a judge. If you want some work experience you could become a court usher. Other careers include a Paralegal. This role undertakes much of a lawyers role in drafting documents, meetings and contracts.  If you decide your law degree is useful for other areas you may look at Civil Service careers, become a politician, work in the police, city, or teach.

This programme is ideal if you want to be a generalist to an advanced level rather than a specialist in a specific area of law. You develop your analysis and research skills and you have the option of wide ranging courses to choose from which stretches your intellectual thinking capabilities in a top 10 School of Law (Complete University Guide 2018)

Courses listed for the programme

Semester 1

Compulsory

  • Critical Legal Thinking and Scholarship

Optional (4 courses 2 in Semester 1 and 2)

  • International Energy and Environmental Law
  • Oil and Minerals for Good
  • Low Carbon Energy Transition: Renewable Energy Law
  • International Law: A Time of Challenges
  • The Politics of Human Rights
  • Oil and Gas Law
  • International Commercial Arbitration
  • International Commercial Arbitration In the Asia Pacific
  • Private International Law: Concepts and Institutions
  • Issues in Criminal Justice
  • World Trade Organisation: Gatt
  • Comparative Contract Law for International Transactions
  • International Intellectual Property: Frameworks and Challenges
  • International Criminal Law
  • Copyright and Patents
  • Private International Law - Jurisdiction, Recognition and Enforcement

Semester 2

Optional

  • Cultural Property Issues: Law, Art and Museums
  • Principles of Environmental Regulation
  • Choice of Law for Business
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • Low Carbon Energy Transition: Nuclear Energy and Carbon Capture and Storage
  • Criminal Evidence and Proof
  • Criminal Law
  • The use of Force in International Law
  • Trade Marks and Brand Development
  • International Trade and Finance Law
  • Private International Law of Family Law
  • International Human Rights Law
  • Carriage of Goods By Sea
  • Oil and Gas Law: Taxation of Upstream
  • Downstream Energy Law
  • Commercialising Innovation and Law
  • Commercial Tax Law and Policy
  • International Investment Law and Arbitration in the Energy Sector

Semester 3

  • Dissertation

Find out more detail by visiting the programme web page

Why study at Aberdeen?

  • You are taught by a School of Law ranked 10th in the UK (The Complete University Guide 2018). The University has been teaching and researching law since the Middle Ages.
  • You develop skills which are vital to the legal profession in a highly personalised environment with high contact from your lecturers.
  • You get a great range of options which you can tailor to your own requirements and build upon your undergraduate degree and experience to widen your career options, and you can take your qualifications further with programmes such as International Arbitration and Dispute Resolution

Where you study

  • University of Aberdeen
  • 12 Months or 24 Months
  • Full Time or Part Time
  • January or September

Scholarships

View all funding options on our funding database via the programme page and the latest postgraduate opportunities

Living in Aberdeen

Find out more about:

Your Accommodation

Campus Facilities

Find out more about living in Aberdeen and living costs

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LLB Law. Senior Status degree is ideal for non-law graduates outside the UK to gain a qualifying law degree in two years. . As a LLB Law (Senior Status Degree) student you will. Read more

LLB Law: Senior Status degree is ideal for non-law graduates outside the UK to gain a qualifying law degree in two years. 

As a LLB Law (Senior Status Degree) student you will:

  • Gain a sound grounding in the Law of England and Wales
  • Learn how to apply legal concepts in a practical environment
  • Gain transferable skills, including team working, communication, presentation, problem-solving, research and analytical skills

Key Features of the LLB Law (Senior Status Degree) 

  • Graduates achieve an LLB accredited Law degree
  • This course covers all the compulsory foundation modules required for a qualifying law degree

Choosing law will enable you to expand your intellectual skills in the context of a discipline which touches upon every aspect of human endeavour. As the degree progresses you will notice a marked improvement in your ability to manage large amounts of materials, to express yourself in an organised and convincing manner both in writing and orally, and to evaluate the strength of arguments you encounter. Not only will this give you a sense of personal satisfaction, but you will also have acquired skills which are highly relevant to a range of career options attracting competitive salaries.

Modules on the LLB Law (Senior Status Degree) Programme

Modules on the LLB Law (Senior Status Degree) may include:

Year 1

  • Contract Law 1
  • European Law 1
  • Public Law 1
  • Tort 1
  • Contract 2
  • European Law 2
  • Public Law 2
  • Tort Law 2
  • Family Law: Adult Relationships
  • Commercial Sales
  • Environmental Law 1 - Regulatory Law Approaches
  • Employment Law: Rights and Obligations
  • Medical Law
  • Human Rights Law
  • Human Rights & Social Justice
  • Planning Law
  • Family Law: Parents & Children
  • World Trade Law
  • Nature Conservation Law
  • Employment Law: Enforcing Rights
  • International Dispute Settlement
  • Foundations in Legal Practice
  • Media Law

Year 2

  • Criminal Law 1
  • Land Law 1
  • Equity and Trusts 1
  • Criminal Law 2
  • Equity and Trusts 2
  • Land Law 2
  • Family Law: Adult Relationships
  • Commercial Sales
  • Legal History of Wales
  • Environmental Law 1 - Regulatory Law Approaches
  • Planning Law
  • Employment Law: Rights and Obligations
  • Competition Law: Regulation of Agreements
  • Terrorism: The Legal Response
  • Criminal Evidence
  • Human Rights Law
  • Cybercrime
  • Human Rights & Social Justice
  • Medical Law
  • International Law - Principles and Procedures
  • Jurisprudence
  • Company Law: Incorporation, Constitution and Control
  • Sports Law and Liability
  • Legislation
  • Miscarriage of Justice Project
  • Clinical Legal Education
  • Family Law: Parents & Children
  • World Trade Law
  • Criminal Procedure and Sentencing
  • Nature Conservation Law
  • Employment Law: Enforcing Rights
  • Competition Law: Regulation of Dominance
  • Human rights-based research with children
  • Criminal Evidence Law and Psychology
  • Foundations in Legal Practice
  • Media Law
  • International Dispute Settlement
  • Company Law: Governance, Rights and Liquidation
  • Legal Issues in Sport
  • Multi-level Governance
  • Cymraeg y Gyfraith
  • Comparative Constitutional Law
  • Miscarriage of Justice Project
  • Clinical Legal Education
  • Street Law
  • Medical Law: Reproduction

Graduate Employability and Careers

The College of Law and Criminology takes a proactive approach to enhancing graduate employability. The College offers a range of local, national and international work placements, professional courses and the advice and support to help you develop the skills to achieve your ambitions.

Our Law graduates find careers in:

  • Advice Worker
  • Barrister
  • Barrister's Clerk
  • Chartered Accountant
  • Chartered Legal Executive
  • Civil Service
  • Company Secretary
  • Lecturer
  • Licensed Conveyancer
  • Patent Attorney
  • Police
  • Researcher
  • Solicitor
  • Stockbroker
  • Trading Standards Officer


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This course balances the best of a rigorous, traditional legal education with a contemporary perspective. Read more

This course balances the best of a rigorous, traditional legal education with a contemporary perspective. Our areas of specialisation address today’s most important business and legal challenges, including the study of commercial relationships in the international arena, the role and impact of electronic commerce, and the gradual harmonisation of international commercial law.

This Masters is not merely about what you learn in the classroom, it is also about actual practice in today’s world of globalisation and international commerce. That is why the LLM provides, in addition to a strong academic dimension, a concentrated, real-world-oriented legal education.

The course offers you the opportunity to develop strong academic and practical skills in a highly competitive and intellectually satisfying area of law. It is ideally suited to those who come from a commercial law, international business, management, or economics background. You will have the opportunity to explore your own ideas, gain knowledge and enhance transferable skills in a supportive environment. You will benefit from a strong programme of visiting speakers, excellent online materials and learning resources, top-quality instruction and a professional and practical focus in a department with a strong research profile.

Course structure

The following modules are indicative of what you will study on this course.

International Commercial Law students may also take one free choice LLM module per semester of full time study (or two total for Part Time) from any other course, in areas such as Dispute Resolution, Corporate Finance, International Law and Entertainment Law.

Please note that option modules are subject to student demand and staffing availability, therefore not all modules may be offered in any one academic year.

Core modules

Option modules

Career path

Our modal student will go on to (or return to) a professional legal career in a UK or overseas law firm, quite often in a Civil Law jurisdiction, interacting with the English Common Law in such areas as shipping or sales disputes. Other students go on to study to become a Solicitor or Barrister in the UK or abroad.

The International Commercial Law LLM qualification also equips graduates to work in a legal liaison role within small to medium enterprises, especially those involved in the transnational provision of goods and services. In a liaison role the graduate employee is able to informally assess legal risk, and to advise and take legal advice from specialist lawyers, on behalf of their company.



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The Joint LLM Comparative and European Private International Law programme aims to provide advanced instruction in key aspects of contemporary private international law, from comparative and European prospective, that are of particular contemporary relevance and which will benefit and interest students coming from a wide range of legal traditions. Read more
The Joint LLM Comparative and European Private International Law programme aims to provide advanced instruction in key aspects of contemporary private international law, from comparative and European prospective, that are of particular contemporary relevance and which will benefit and interest students coming from a wide range of legal traditions.

Why study at Dundee?

Building on the success of the Joint LLM in International Commercial Law, Dundee Law School has established a partnership with the University of Toulouse to run a joint LLM programme in Comparative and European Private International Law.

This is a topic of increasing practical importance in the era of globalisation - where to litigate, what law should be applied, and when can foreign judgments be recognised. This unique programme will explore the contrasting approaches of the common law and civil law worlds.

In the Spring semester (January-March) students will undertake private international law modules at Dundee, and then over the summer a dissertation.

In September, students will go to Toulouse to undertake a range of private international law modules, all taught through English.

What's great about Comparative & European Law at Dundee?

In the Times Good University Guide 2012 Dundee Law School was placed 7th in the United Kingdom law school rankings, and we were ranked 1st in Scotland in the 2011 National Student Survey (NSS).

In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise Dundee Law School was one of only two law schools in the United Kingdom to achieve a 100% international standard classification, with half of our submissions being graded internationally excellent or world leading. Our commitment on is to provide high quality instruction, with a focus on matters of practical relevance, to prepare students for a successful legal career, whether at home or abroad.

Postgraduate culture

Dundee Law School prides itself as being a friendly Law School where all members of staff are accessible and students are treated as individuals and valued members of our legal community.

We offer all new students an induction programme at the start of each semester, to ensure that all students have the necessary understanding of the UK and European legal systems as well as core principles of public and private law.

We seek to integrate all LLM students into the life of the Law School, and invite you to all guest lectures and seminars. We also have an annual reading party to a beautiful country house location, where you are joined by senior staff and can work on academic skills and dissertation preparation.

Who should study this course?

This course is designed for graduates in Law. However, the LLM can be taken both by students who have already studied private international law at undergraduate level as well as by those who are new to the subject, for the latter will be provided with additional instruction.

How you will be taught

Students are taught through a mix of lectures, seminar discussions and tutorials.

What you will study

Modules

At Toulouse, students will take a number of compulsory modules on core and specialist aspects of private international law.

Fundamental Private International Law
Private International Law Applications
Contract Law in European Context
International Organisations as Law Makers
European Criminal Law.
European contract and business law as well as international law are also covered.

In addition, students are required to attend intensive courses offered by invited foreign professors. At Dundee, students have to choose 2 private international law modules.

How you will be assessed

Substantive modules: continuous assessment plus end of semester examinations in December and March/April. Compulsory dissertation: 12-15,000 words.

Careers

Dundee graduates have reached the highest levels of success in the profession as senior partners, Queen's Counsel, judges and front bench politicians.

We have close links with employers and we offer programmes to support and develop the employability of our students. Our good reputation throughout the profession and close links to employers help Dundee graduates find employment.

The Law School runs an annual Law Fair which attracts law firms and employers from around the UK and further afield. Law firms also regularly visit the law school on an individual basis for recruitment purposes. While many students study law in order to qualify to practise, the skills acquired in a law degree are also attractive to many prospective employers in professions such as:

The Police
Banking
Journalism
Management
Civil service

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The LLB degree is a postgraduate law degree offering distinct pathway to two different types of candidates. . Read more

The LLB degree is a postgraduate law degree offering distinct pathway to two different types of candidates. 

For students who have already been awarded a law degree the LLB degree offers an opportunity to expand their portfolio of legal knowledge across a wider area of law in preparation for specific practice or for further study. The one year full-time course includes a wide choice of modules which would allow you to choose a combination that best suits your interests. In particular, it offers you an opportunity to study additional fields of law, such as medical law, environmental law or human rights law, which may not have been available to you at undergraduate level. 

For students who are graduates from a non-law discipline the LLB is a two-year postgraduate law degree which offers you sufficient core and optional law modules to undertake, should you wish, professional legal training at the end of the degree. It is designed to ensure that graduates will have a strong legal training at the end of their two years study (full time) along with suitable critical understanding of core legal issues. Beyond preparing you for legal professional qualifications, the LLB is also suitable for students who wish to pursue a career in a variety of areas such as business, journalism, the civil service/government and human rights.

The LLB offers alternative pathways to two different types of candidates.

It offers an opportunity to Law Graduates to further develop and deepen both their knowledge and skills base. As a student with substantial legal knowledge already, you will be required to take 60 credits during your degree. Only Law of Property is compulsory leaving you with 50 elective credits. However, if you have already studied Property Law, or an equivalent module, you will be free to take the full 60 credits as electives. In addition, you may also seek to study up to 10 credits of LLM modules; permission of the Programme Director and relevant LLM Module coordinator will be required.

As a law graduate, if you choose to study for the LLB you will have the opportunity to widen and/deepen your legal knowledge into areas such as:

  • Commercial Law
  • Corporate and Financial Services Law
  • Consumer Law
  • Immigration and Refugee Law
  • Human Rights Law
  • Welfare Law
  • Medical Law
  • Employment Law 
  • Environmental Law 

For non-law graduates, the LLB offers an opportunity to convert to a career in law. As a result the two year LLB places an emphasis on developing not just legal knowledge but also your skills base. You will be required to take 60 credits in each academic year, which will include a combination of compulsory and elective modules and a skills module.   

While we recognise our primary responsibility is to provide legal knowledge, we also aim to ensure that you develop advocacy skills, experience team work and gain expertise in legal research, as well as gaining a range of transferable skills.  

As a non-law graduate, if you choose to study for the LLB you will take core modules which are the foundation topics required for the professional exams – FE1s and Kings Inn exams. These include 

  • Criminal Law
  • Constitutional Law
  • Contract Law
  • EU Law

In addition you will also have options which would allow you to study subjects such as 

  • Human Rights Law
  • Employment Law
  • Environmental Law 
  • Corporate and Financial Services Law
  • Commercial Law

Please visit the School of Law website here  for up to date information on the programme. 

Programme regulations are available in the College Calendar.     

Please see the Book of Modules for a more detailed description of modules.

Why choose this course

The LLB is a postgraduate law degree designed for law graduates seeking to deepen their knowledge of the law, professionals working in the legal area who would like to improve their skills and knowledge, and non-law graduates who are thinking of a career in law or a related area. The programme is tailored to fit the needs of a diverse range of students. It offers flexibility in the delivery of modules, allows graduates to qualify with professional subject exemptions in two years, and provides law graduates with a wide range of options including the opportunity to combine undergraduate and postgraduate modules.

Placement or Study Abroad Information

For information on the Law School vacation placements programme,see the School of Law Student Placements

Skills and Careers Information

This is a challenging and highly rewarding postgraduate degree course which allows graduates from both law or other disciplines to develop strong legal knowledge and skills in a one or two year period. The majority of students continue from the LLB degree into the legal profession or to more specialised study on one of our LLM programmes and at doctoral level. Our LLB graduates enter a wide variety of careers including the legal profession, academia, banking, public service, the regulatory sector, management and journalism.



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The master's degree in German Law for foreign graduates is a research-focused degree that imparts professional legal expertise and allows you to develop your legal skills. Read more

About the programme

The master's degree in German Law for foreign graduates is a research-focused degree that imparts professional legal expertise and allows you to develop your legal skills.

Unlike most other disciplines, laws are unique to the societies that brought them forth, and therefore vary significantly from country to country. There is a steadily growing demand for legal practitioners with in-depth knowledge of the German legal system.

Building on a previous law degree earned abroad, this degree programme gives you essential skills and specific expertise in German law, while placing special emphasis on research.

The Scientific Methods module enables you to leverage your methodological and systematic competences developed over the course of the degree programme when conducting independent research – skills you will apply when writing your master's thesis, which forms part of the programme.

Features

The Faculty of Law of the University of Passau has an excellent reputation in Germany and regularly achieves top results in the various university rankings
A multicultural environment owing to the international orientation of the University and the Faculty of Law in particular
German Courses Passau offers German language courses specially designed for law students, which are open to students enrolled on this LL.M. programme
Attend modules together with German law students
Previous academic achievements at other German universities may be counted towards the degree.

Programme syllabus

The degree programme consists of three modules:

1) Foundation module
2) Scientific Methods module
3) Elective module

The degree programme consists of three modules:

1) Foundation module: this consists of the foundation courses in Civil Law and Constitutional Law (both courses include a lecture and a tutorial). You will choose one of these two foundation courses, each of which is taught for a period of two semesters (Foundation Courses 1 and 2).

2) Scientific Methods module: This module, which takes place in the winter semester, consists of a seminar for master's students, in which you will write a seminar paper and give a presentation.

3) Elective module: You will choose three of the following five electives: Civil Law, Public Law, Criminal Law, International Aspects of German Law and Principles of Law. Two courses are held in the winter semester and one in the summer semester. Instead of the two winter-semester courses, you may study the foundation course (Civil Law 1 or Constitutional Law 1) not already completed in the foundation module.

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This programme is designed to equip students with a comprehensive and specialist education in a range of areas within International Intellectual Property Law. Read more
This programme is designed to equip students with a comprehensive and specialist education in a range of areas within International Intellectual Property Law. The course will enable students to master the basic principles of the four main ‘pillars’ of IP Law, namely, Copyright, Patents, Trade marks and Industrial Designs. The four main components of IP Law will be examined from three distinct perspectives: domestic (UK), EU and International (global treaties/conventions) and will encompass analysis of legislation, case law (common law and civil law) and specific legal concepts. Where possible, comparative analysis will be carried out as between for example, specific EU IP Law developments and those of third country States e.g. India, Pakistan and China. In addition, certain third countries with well-developed, mature IP systems (e.g. the U.S., Canada and Australia) will be examined for a comparative assessment. The distinct themes of how the Internet has brought about new thinking in the IP world and, possible overlapping forms of IP protection (e.g. copyright and patent protection of computer software) will be examined.

Through carefully designed course work and varied teaching approaches, students from both a common law and civil law background will acquire the intellectual open-ness, technical expertise and critical thinking abilities that are necessary for effectiveness in a globalising world. The programme will equip students to respond effectively to the wide range of intellectual and professional challenges facing contemporary intellectual property lawyers. The LLM in International Intellectual Property Law will equip them to deal with both case work and policy making.

Employment Opportunities
Employment opportunities for graduates of the programme will include work with international law firms, patent and trade mark attorneys, local Intellectual Property Offices (e.g. the UK Intellectual Property Office, Chinese Patent and Trade Mark Office and the Office of the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks in India),international organisations such as the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO), World Trade Organisation (WTO) and the United Nations and specialist bodies within the EU e.g. the Office for the Harmonisation of the Internal Market (OHIM) and the European Patent Office (EPO). Directorate-General Internal Market and Services of the European Commission deals with IP matters and is also a potential employer. Other potential employers include international courts and tribunals, think tanks and research centres (e.g. the specialist Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law (Munich), non-governmental organisations and government (eg. Ministries of Justice; Business, Innovation and Skills and; Foreign Affairs). Having taken one of our programmes, there will, of course, also be possibilities for academically inclined students to pursue careers in teaching and research.

Compulsory Modules:

Legal Research Methods
Intellectual Property Law
Data Protection Law
Dissertation on any topic within International Intellectual Property Law
Optional Modules (choose 4)

International Criminal Law
International Human Rights Law
Children’s Rights in Domestic and International Law
European Human Rights Law
EU Internal Markets Law
Competition Law
Global Trade Law
Comparative Corporate Governance
International Banking Law
International Commercial Arbitration
International Law of Armed Conflict
Dealing with the Legacies of the Past
Structure
January intake: Taught modules are undertaken in the period of January to June and September to January and will involve the study of 120 credits. The dissertation (or equivalent) is valued at 60 credits and is undertaken during the period of June to September.

September intake: Taught modules are undertaken in the period of September to June and will involve the study of 120 credits. The dissertation (or equivalent) is valued at 60 credits and is undertaken during the period of June to September.

Teaching will mostly be seminar-based which will promote group and individual interaction, which also ensures that every individual student is encouraged to contribute to discussions. Seminar-based teaching enables lecturers and students to discuss issues and investigate topics in greater depth, and develops critical thinking and solution-based learning skills in students; whilst also allowing the course teachers to monitor closely each individual’s progress. Emphasis will be placed on the use of virtual learning through the mechanism of the Blackboard computer-assisted learning system and databases such as Westlaw and LexisNexis. Throughout all modules, comparative elements with other legal systems will be emphasised.

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The human rights revolution of the last 50 years has had a huge impact. Global and regional human rights treaties now infuse domestic legal codes, reconfiguring many civil law and common law principles. Read more

The human rights revolution of the last 50 years has had a huge impact. Global and regional human rights treaties now infuse domestic legal codes, reconfiguring many civil law and common law principles.

Overview

Over the last 50 years, the human rights revolution has had a huge impact on virtually every state. Throughout the world, global and regional human rights treaties are infusing domestic legal codes and reconfiguring many civil law and common law principles. 

The LLM Human Rights Law programme critically analyses the domestic and international impact of the major UN and European Conventions – both civil and political as well as the socio-economic and cultural. It aims to provide a sound knowledge of the theory and the legal rules applicable to international human rights treaties and their domestic counterparts. 

Distinctive features

In addition to students wishing to study this subject area at Masters level, the LLM Human Rights Law is also directly relevant to health and social care professionals working in the independent and statutory sectors.

The LLM Human Rights Law programme:

  • provides you with a general appreciation of current issues in specific areas of law, both domestic and international;
  • stimulates a critical approach to evaluation of current and proposed regulation and cultivate independent and original thought;
  • enables you to undertake in-depth research and demonstrate advanced knowledge in specific areas of law;
  • provides opportunities to attend human rights based conferences and seminars run by the Centre for Health and Social Care Law.

The LLM Human Rights Law programme is very flexible and offers a wide range of modules providing you with the ability to customise the programme to meet your own professional and/or employment needs or interests.

Learning and assessment

How will I be taught?

Study for an LLM is intensive and challenging and it is important that you take full advantage of the teaching that is provided in order to succeed. Attendance at classes and dissertation supervisions is compulsory and we will expect you to be well prepared. 

Our teaching is very flexible and your modules may be delivered through seminars or a combination of lectures and seminars. Other teaching methods include the online use of discussion boards, self-access study packs and formative quizzes and activities.

Modules may be diverse in content to cater for the fact that for some LLM programmes there may be a high proportion of overseas students or students with previous qualifications other than in law.  Modules are typically led by experienced staff actively engaged in research relevant to their subject area.

How will I be supported?

We have created a specially designed research and study skills module which is studied by all LLM students at the beginning of the programme. We also offer writing skills support for students whose first language is not English.

Your learning will be supported through e-learning. All modules are supported by Learning Central, a virtual learning environment that is available on and off campus through which you will access a wide range of materials for your modules.

You will receive dedicated pastoral support through our personal tutor scheme. We offer an extensive programme of careers lectures and workshops within the School with an in-house Law Careers Consultant and a Pro-bono Scheme Co-ordinator. A designated Disability and Diversity Officer ensures that reasonable adjustments are made for students with disabilities. The University has a range of services to support you, including the Careers Service, the Counselling Service, the Disability and Dyslexia Service, the Student Support Service and excellent libraries with specialist law librarians and resource centres.

Career prospects

A law degree doesn’t restrict graduates to careers within the legal profession and law graduates enter professions as diverse as finance, sales and marketing, digital communications and recruitment.

We are committed to extending extracurricular opportunities to our students, helping to enhance their CVs in a competitive graduate job market. We work in partnership with lawyers, charities and voluntary organisations to give students the opportunity to practise and extend their skills and we run several Pro Bono schemes and provide advice to members of the community on different legal issues.

Students successfully completing the LLM programme may have the opportunity to continue their legal study through the School’s PhD programme or through the Centre for Professional Legal Studies professional programmes (the Legal Practice Course or Bar Professional Training Course).



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The international masters in Law and Technology offers students the chance to develop cutting-edge and interdisciplinary expertise within the burgeoning field of technology regulation. Read more
The international masters in Law and Technology offers students the chance to develop cutting-edge and interdisciplinary expertise within the burgeoning field of technology regulation.

Strongly multidisciplinary and incorporating both European and international law, the masters in Law & Technology offers you the chance to develop both multidisciplinary knowledge and an area of specialised expertise within the field of Law and Technology - giving you more options to pursue the career of your choice.

The program is closely affiliated with the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology and Society (TILT), an institute consistently ranked amongst the top in Europe for both research and education by the Legal Research and Education Assessment Committees. The masters in Law and Technology is consistently rated one of the best international masters program within Tilburg Law School.

Learning is informal, highly interactive and closely connected to professional practice, with lawyers from international offices systematically involved in the lectures. Students also have the opportunity to take part in internships during their studies.

Program Law and Technology

The masters in Law and Technology offers education in close relation to innovative research in the field of Law & Technology. It gives students the opportunity to develop their own specialized area of expertise within the field of Law & Technology.

Legal+

The masters in Law & Technology equips you with the multidisciplinary knowledge essential for responding to the possibilities and risks presented by new technologies. Content covers regulatory issues in the public and private spheres, as well as subjects such as comparative law, jurisprudence, ethics and public administration, in addition to traditional legal doctrine. Students develop a broad, contextual awareness of additional modalities of regulation such as social morality and economic self-arrangement.

Specialization

The Law and Technology program offers you the opportunity to develop a specialization in a particular subject area thanks to a curriculum that covers everything from intellectual property law to biotechnology or ICT. You can focus on traditional legal areas such as private law or European law, or develop a broader overview that combines, for example, private law, criminal law and human rights law.

International perspective

Technological developments generally cross borders, with the Internet perhaps the most obvious example. While internationalization offers opportunities and possibilities, it also gives rise to a host of issues from a regulatory perspective. The Law and Technology masters ensures you are well-prepared to operate in an international context by continuously applying an international perspective to the issues at hand.

No background in science or technology required

Prospective students do not require background knowledge in technology or science. Of more importance is your affinity with the social aspects of technology. Students with backgrounds in areas other than law can apply if at least 90 ECTS of the courses in their bachelors were similar to those of the bachelors at Tilburg Law School. A premaster program (currently only in Dutch) is available for students who do not meet this criteria.

Interactive and close-knit learning environment

Learning in the Law and Technology masters is interactive, informal and cross-cultural. You join an international student body, within which students regularly work in international teams, participate in discussions and present their ideas on legal concepts and issues. Students are strongly encouraged to interact with their TILT lecturers, made possible by numerous extracurricular events such as seminars and workshops.

Good practical training opportunities

TILT has excellent contacts with government and semi-government agencies, companies, and law firms. TILT is frequently approached by these professional bodies about practical training opportunities and internships and, together with students, actively endeavors to find appropriate trainee projects for students. You will be taught how to write web policies, position papers, and policy documents as preparation for your future career.

Education coupled with pioneering research

Students learn from scholars from the Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology and Society (TILT) - scientists engaged in innovative research recognized at a national as well as international level. These scholars come together from diverse disciplines including private law, public law, criminal law, international law and human rights, ICT law, social and political studies amongst others. Education is interlaced with academic insights from these new research lines. When possible, TILT actively involves students in its research projects.

Challenging and creative

We encourage Law and Technology students to develop and substantiate their own opinions and ideas on the content presented. Within the program, teaching methods encourage critical debate and active participation.

Career Perspective Law and Technology

Legal experts in the field of law and technology are in high demand within many industries and sectors. Your area of specialization can also prepare you for more specific roles within the field.

A wide variety of future career paths are available to graduates of the masters in Law & Technology. You will be qualified to pursue a leading position as a consultant, researcher, policy-maker, or lawyer specialized in law and technology in various types of centers, including large international law firms, in-house legal departments of large firms, the civil service (including the EC civil service), and transnational organizations (both for-profit and non-profit).

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The LLM in International Commercial Law covers the core issues relevant to the resolution of commercial disputes together with contractual principles. Read more
The LLM in International Commercial Law covers the core issues relevant to the resolution of commercial disputes together with contractual principles.

This course will provide you with the skills and knowledge needed to thrive in the area of corporate law with subjects specifically pertaining to e-commerce, intellectual property, contracts and more.

Why study International Commercial Law at Dundee?

The International Commercial modules that we offer will provide you with a detailed understanding of core issues relevant to the resolution of commercial disputes and an appreciation of contractual principles.

Central to this are the courses in International Business Transactions, Problems in International Commercial Litigation and International Dispute Resolution. These modules are complemented by the comparative contract law course, Principles of International Contract Law.

What's so good about International Commercial Law at Dundee?

In the Times Good University Guide 2012 Dundee Law School was placed 7th in the United Kingdom law school rankings, and we were ranked 1st in Scotland in the 2011 National Student Survey (NSS).

In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise Dundee Law School was one of only two law schools in the United Kingdom to achieve a 100% international standard classification, with half of our submissions being graded internationally excellent or world leading. Our commitment on is to provide high quality instruction, with a focus on matters of practical relevance, to prepare students for a successful legal career, whether at home or abroad.
Postgraduate culture

Dundee Law School prides itself as being a friendly Law School where all members of staff are accessible and students are treated as individuals and valued members of our legal community.

We offer all new students an induction programme at the start of each semester, to ensure that all students have the necessary understanding of the UK and European legal systems as well as core principles of public and private law.

We seek to integrate all LLM students into the life of the Law School, and invite you to all guest lectures and seminars. We also have an annual reading party to a beautiful country house location, where you are joined by senior staff and can work on academic skills and dissertation preparation.

"Studying at Dundee University helped me develop my legal writing, speaking, and analytical skills and as a result to become a real specialist in the legal field."
Margarita Khegay, LLM 2009

Who should study this course?

This course is designed for individuals with a background in law, i.e. a good honours degree in law (acquired or anticipated to have by the expected start date), or in exceptional circumstances non-law graduates with a considerable amount of relevant legal experience.

This course has January and September start dates and can be taken part time and full time.

How you will be taught

Students are taught through a mix of lectures, seminar discussions and tutorials.

What you will study

Core modules

Principles of Corporate Law
Competition Law
Corporate Governance
International Taxation Law
Intellectual Property Law

Candidates for this programme must take at least two of the following modules:

International Business Transactions I
Principles of International E-Commerce
Principles of International Contract Law

Private International Law (Common Law Perspectives)
International Insolvency Law
International Dispute Resolution

How you will be assessed

Substantive modules: continuous assessment plus end of semester examinations in December and March/April. Compulsory dissertation: 12-15,000 words.

Careers

Dundee graduates have reached the highest levels of success in the profession as senior partners, Queen's Counsel, judges and front bench politicians.

We have close links with employers and we offer programmes to support and develop the employability of our students. Our good reputation throughout the profession and close links to employers help Dundee graduates find employment.

The Law School runs an annual Law Fair which attracts law firms and employers from around the UK and further afield. Law firms also regularly visit the law school on an individual basis for recruitment purposes.

While many students study law in order to qualify to practise, the skills acquired in a law degree are also attractive to many prospective employers in professions such as:

The Police
Banking
Journalism
Management
Civil service

Find out more about legal careers from our Careers Service.

"At present I do work at Deloitte TCF, LLP as a legal consultant in Tax and Legal Department. Our Department deals with clients from various professional fields: construction, telecommunications, energy resources and others. In future I ... hope to be able to draw on my good experience and skills from the School of Law of Dundee University and make my own contribution on the commercial issues in my country, on the development of International Commercial Law in Kazakhstan."
Margarita Khegay, LLM 2009

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The LLM Corporate & Commercial Law programme aims to provide advanced instruction in key aspects of contemporary and commercial law, that are of particular contemporary relevance and which will benefit and interest students coming from a wide range of legal traditions. Read more
The LLM Corporate & Commercial Law programme aims to provide advanced instruction in key aspects of contemporary and commercial law, that are of particular contemporary relevance and which will benefit and interest students coming from a wide range of legal traditions.

Why study Corporate & Commercial Law at Dundee?

The corporate modules at Dundee provide students with a detailed understanding of core issues relating to corporate law and corporate governance as well as allowing for specialisation in intellectual property law.

The programme will also develop a wide range of transferable skills including in research, written and oral presentation and time management.

What's so good about Corporate & Commercial Law at Dundee?

In the Times Good University Guide 2012 Dundee Law School was placed 7th in the United Kingdom law school rankings, and we were ranked 1st in Scotland in the 2011 National Student Survey (NSS).

In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise Dundee Law School was one of only two law schools in the United Kingdom to achieve a 100% international standard classification, with half of our submissions being graded internationally excellent or world leading. Our commitment on is to provide high quality instruction, with a focus on matters of practical relevance, to prepare students for a successful legal career, whether at home or abroad.

Postgraduate culture

Dundee Law School prides itself as being a friendly Law School where all members of staff are accessible and students are treated as individuals and valued members of our legal community.

We offer all new students an induction programme at the start of each semester, to ensure that all students have the necessary understanding of the UK and European legal systems as well as core principles of public and private law.

We seek to integrate all LLM students into the life of the Law School, and invite you to all guest lectures and seminars. We also have an annual reading party to a beautiful country house location, where you are joined by senior staff and can work on academic skills and dissertation preparation.

Who should study this course?

This course has been developed for those individuals with a background in law who wish to specialise and expand upon their existing knowledge and ability in the area of corporate and commercial law.

How you will be taught

Students are taught through a mix of lectures, seminar discussions and tutorials.

What you will study

To qualify for the LLM in Corporate & Commercial Law, students must complete at least 2 options which adopt a specifically corporate focus and complete their dissertation on a corporate law topic.

The Corporate modules at Dundee provide students with a detailed understanding of core issues relating to corporate law and allow for specialisation in the fields of corporate governance, as well as in banking and finance.

Principles of Corporate Law provides a strong central core which links to many of the other modules in the programme. This module focuses on the structure and development of company law in the United Kingdom in an international context. It covers the radical re-shaping of company law in the United Kingdom in 2006 which will almost certainly impact on the reform of corporate law in other jurisdictions which have shaped their corporate regimes on earlier UK legislation.

Corporate Governance covers issues relating to the distribution of power within companies and looks at governance regimes across the world. The impact of Enron and Worldcom have made governance issues much more high profile than had previously been the case. Dundee's strength in the field of corporations is equally reflected in the specialised option in Banking and Financial Services.

Alongside the corporate modules, students may select options from the School's broad commercial law portfolio, which includes: Intellectual Property Law; Principles of International E-Commerce, Competition Law and International Taxation Law.

How you will be assessed

Substantive modules: continuous assessment plus end of semester examinations in December and March/April. Compulsory dissertation: 12-15,000 words.

Careers

Dundee graduates have reached the highest levels of success in the profession as senior partners, Queen's Counsel, judges and front bench politicians.

We have close links with employers and we offer programmes to support and develop the employability of our students. Our good reputation throughout the profession and close links to employers help Dundee graduates find employment.

The Law School runs an annual Law Fair which attracts law firms and employers from around the UK and further afield. Law firms also regularly visit the law school on an individual basis for recruitment purposes. While many students study law in order to qualify to practise, the skills acquired in a law degree are also attractive to many prospective employers in professions such as:

The Police
Banking
Journalism
Management
Civil service

Find out more about legal careers from our Careers Service.

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The Sorbonne-QMUL Double LLM is an innovative, 18-month, bilingual programme which offers you the opportunity to benefit from combining the LLM programmes in Paris of. Read more
The Sorbonne-QMUL Double LLM is an innovative, 18-month, bilingual programme which offers you the opportunity to benefit from combining the LLM programmes in Paris of:
◦an LLM in International Business Law with QMUL
◦an LLM in French and European Law with the Sorbonne.

Developed by the Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS) at Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and the Sorbonne Law School (Sorbonne), this double degree programme leads to two prestigious qualifications from two globally recognised institutions.
The aim is to provide students with a unique opportunity to study international and comparative business law; in two languages (French and English), with two renowned Institutions.

You will have the opportunity to study within both the British and French models of postgraduate education, as well as undertake tangible work experience, as part of an internship with a law firm, company or another legal context. You will develop a varied range of skills and knowledge, and experience different learning processes.

The intense mode of study aims further to enhance your competencies in time-management, prioritising, and adapting to pressure – all of which are skills anticipated by employers in the legal sector.

The aim is for you to be able to take this range of knowledge, skills, competencies and experience into your chosen career path within an increasingly international legal profession.

"The Sorbonne-QMUL Double LLM in Paris is an innovative programme developed by experienced academics from both instiutions, many of whom are also practitioners. The aim is to cater to students as well as to practitioners who would like to enhance their professional knowledge and career developments. Leading to prestigious QMUL and Sorbonne qualifications, this course will provide you with in-depth immersion in commercial law from both common law and civil law frameworks. It will also allow you to perfect your command of legal English and French. To this effect, the Sorbonne-QMUL Double LLM incorporates legal English and French for non-native speakers throughout the course." Academic Programme Co-Director, Dr Maxi Scherer, MA, PhD (Paris Sorbonne), LLM (Cologne), Member of the Paris Bar, Solicitor in England and Wales.

“This programme of excellence will allow you to improve your legal research and writing skills. The Sorbonne-QMUL Double LLM provides a wonderful opportunity to benefit from a high quality training in common and civil law in two prestigious institutions in Paris. It would be a unique cultural experience culminating with tangible work practice. It will promote your successful integration into professional fields of law. Try it out!” Academic Programme Co-Director, Professor Pierre Brunet, Agrégé des facultés de droit, Professeur de droit public à Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne.

Location

QMUL’s LLM in Paris is taught at the University of London Institute in Paris (ULIP), in premises shared with the British Council in the 7th arrondissement, a short walk from the Champs Elysées in Paris, France.

Sorbonne-QMUL Double LLM students will be taught across both sites, with QMUL classes held at ULIP and Sorbonne classes held at 12, place du Panthéon, 75005 Paris, and 21, rue Broca, 75005 Paris.

Students will benefit from access to study resources via both institutions across the 18 months.

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This double degree programme is a research-focused postgraduate programme in German and Russian Law with a fully integrated study-abroad component. Read more

This double degree programme is a research-focused postgraduate programme in German and Russian Law with a fully integrated study-abroad component. As a student enrolled in this programme, you will study towards your double Master's degree at two universities – the University of Passau (Germany) and Siberian Federal University in Krasnoyarsk (Russia). The programme carries a total workload of 120 ECTS credits and is directed at students who have an undergraduate degree in law or in a subject with a strong legal focus.

The programme acquaints German students with the principles of the Russian legal system, allowing them, for instance, to put the focus on the economic and tax laws in Germany and Russia. This requires knowledge of Russian (legal) language, which is taught as part of the degree programme.

As a student enrolled in this degree programme, you will acquire the skills and knowledge required to work as a jurist in the area of German and Russian law, while simultaneously developing the competencies required for independent scholarly work.

Features

– The first fully integrated Russo-German law degree programme in Germany

– Students spend two semesters at the partner university in Krasnoyarsk

– No tuition fees whatsoever

– The same module catalogue at both universities

– Joint colloquia with German and Russian students

– Compulsory internship abroad as part of the programme

– Previous academic achievements at other German or Russian universities are eligible for recognition

– The University of Passau and Siberian Federal University each award a final certificate making reference to the respective opposite

university (double degree)

Contents

The degree programme consists of five areas of study:

A) General Scientific Foundations

You will attend lectures on the philosophy of law and complete one foreign language course. This part of the degree programme allows you to engage in advanced study of the theoretical underpinnings of law at the beginning of your Master's programme, while the language course imparts the language skills you will need for studying in Russia.

B) Professional Cycle

Module group B.I – Legal Methods and History of Law

Module group B.I is composed of the following foundation courses: methods and history of comparative legal studies; history of political and legal science; history and methods of law; beginner's colloquium: current problems of law. These modules provide the research-methodological and theoretical foundations for comparative legal studies and working with foreign law. The primary purpose of the beginner's colloquium is to help students on the course to identify more closely with the degree programme. All students complete the beginner's colloquium in Krasnoyarsk.

Module group B.II – Principles of foreign law

Students enrolled in the programme complete this module group during their stay at the partner university. This involves courses on the principles of German and Russian law, as well as other courses. The required electives include courses on the core areas of the respective foreign law: Russian students in Passau will complete one two-semester foundation course in either civil law, public law or criminal law, and at least one additional course from this list for a duration of one semester.

Module group B.III – Specialisation

Students will study the courses taught in this module group upon their return to their home university. This module group allows you to set your own specialisation by choosing a sub-discipline which you will study in greater depth. The module is designed to maximise your choice, allowing you to focus on selected questions of (public) economic or (civil) business law, tax law, or international and European law. In addition, German students can complete courses with an East-Central-European focus offered by the University's Faculty of Arts and Humanities.

C) Research

In this segment of the programme, you will apply the theoretical knowledge accumulated over the previous semesters. In a variety of courses, you will gain the ability to write shorter academic papers. You will also use this module group to write up a synopsis of your Master's thesis, which you will present and discuss in the group. The research colloquium is open to all students in Passau.

D) Professional Preparation

This part of the programme prepares you for legal work in an international context. The practical module consists of a six to eight-week internship, which you will usually complete abroad.

E) Final Assessments

At the end of the degree programme, you will undergo an oral examination. In addition, all students are required to write a Master's thesis (preferably on comparative law) in German, English or Russian and undergo an oral defence.



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The University of Dundee, School of Law, is delighted to announce the creation of a joint Masters programme with the Law Faculty at the University of Cergy-Pontoise [UCP] in France. Read more
The University of Dundee, School of Law, is delighted to announce the creation of a joint Masters programme with the Law Faculty at the University of Cergy-Pontoise [UCP] in France.

The Joint Masters is an exciting new venture which brings together two dynamic and highly rated law schools.

Students will be taught through English by acknowledged experts and will gain an in depth knowledge of a wide range of contemporary commercial law subjects from both a common law and civil law perspective. Students enrolled on the dual qualifying LL.M. will graduate with a LL.M. in International Commercial Law from Dundee University and a LL.M.in Business and Taxation Law or Law & Business Ethics from UCP.

In the Times Good University Guide 2012 Dundee Law School was placed 7th in the United Kingdom law school rankings, and we were ranked 1st in Scotland in the 2011 National Student Survey (NSS).

In the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise Dundee Law School was one of only two law schools in the United Kingdom to achieve a 100% international standard classification, with half of our submissions being graded internationally excellent or world leading. Our commitment on is to provide high quality instruction, with a focus on matters of practical relevance, to prepare students for a successful legal career, whether at home or abroad.

Programme Structure

At Cergy-Pontoise, students are required to choose their major either in Business and Taxation Law or Law and Business ethics. Classes are taught by academics and practising lawyers or other professionals thus promoting real engagement with the legal community. In addition to core law modules, and depending on the chosen specialisation, students have classes on contract law, company law, compliance, litigation, IP law. At Dundee, students have to choose 2 international commercial or corporate law modules.

Accommodation

Assistance will be provided for students in Dundee and Cergy-Pontoise with finding accommodation.

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If you aspire to pursue your legal career internationally, this course is the one for you! The combination of compulsory and optional modules will ensure that you have the grounding you need, while providing you with the tools and knowledge to build upon it according to your own particular dreams and ambitions. Read more

If you aspire to pursue your legal career internationally, this course is the one for you! The combination of compulsory and optional modules will ensure that you have the grounding you need, while providing you with the tools and knowledge to build upon it according to your own particular dreams and ambitions.

The Public International Law module gives you a solid understanding of public international law within its political context. The module begins by exploring the sources of international law and its key actors. You will also study areas such as dispute settlement techniques, the use of force or international criminal law, and the critical interplay between law and politics.

The Private International Law module focuses on the rules of private international law as they operate in England and Wales. You will receive a thorough grounding in the basic concepts, and then move on to consider the law on connecting factors and the rules on jurisdiction within common law and as they operate under European legislation. In addition, the module includes study of the relevant choice of law rules in contract and tort, and examination of the various legal regimes that provide for the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgements.

Both modules are assessed by written coursework. In addition, you will study two modules of your choice from the wide range that is available.

Why choose this course?

In the twenty-first century, global travel, instant communication and cutting-edge technology have made the world a much smaller place than it ever has been. In this context, a comprehensive understanding of international law is vitally important for anyone wishing to pursue a legal career.

Taught by specialists in their field, and continually reviewed to ensure it is up to date and relevant, the LLM International Law will equip you with the knowledge and skills you need for your career, whether you choose to follow a professional, commercial, business or an academic route. Successful completion will ensure you have a well-rounded knowledge of international law, whether from a state, public perspective (often political and controversial), or with an individual, private focus.

If you wish, you can combine a similar pathway, and graduate with a named joint pathway. In addition, you may wish to complement the subject areas on this course with our co-curricular programme, which will further enhance your skills.

Structure

Level 7

Core Modules

  • Dissertation - 60 Credits
  • Research Methods and Skills - 0 Credits

Optional

  • Alternative Dispute Resolution - 30 Credits
  • Banking Law 2 - 30 Credits
  • Public International Law 2 - 30 Credits
  • Intellectual Property 2 - 30 Credits
  • International Commercial Law 2 - 30 Credits
  • Legal Risk Management, Governance and Compliance - 30 Credits
  • Company Law 2 - 30 Credits
  • International Environmental Law - 30 Credits
  • International Energy Law - 30 Credits
  • Medical Law and Ethics - 30 Credits
  • International Human Rights Law - 30 Credits
  • Islamic Finance Law - 30 Credits
  • International Development Law - 30 Credits
  • Private International Law - 30 Credits
  • Emerging technologies and law - 30 Credits
  • Data Protection Law - 30 Credits
  • International Electronic Communications Law - 30 Credits
  • Corporate Governance - 30 Credits
  • Employment law - 30 Credits
  • International Financial Law 2 - 30 Credits

Teaching methods

A variety of active and innovative teaching methods combine to equip you with vital skills of negotiation, persuasion, debating, presentation, teamwork and leadership. Class seminars are supported by group work, role plays and debates, to enable students to pool resources and work collectively on problem solving.

Independent study is, of course, a vital part of your degree, and the written assignments will enable you to consolidate and deepen your knowledge and to apply what you have learnt to real-world situations.

A peer support and mentoring scheme is also available, for ongoing advice and support, as well as to offer further opportunities to develop mentoring, teamwork and leadership skills.

Careers

The LLM International Law degree will open a wide range of doors into a very exciting future. Whether you wish to follow a path within the public sector, into international business, civil society, academia or even research, your University of Hertfordshire degree will stand you in good stead!



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