Moral problems occur in all areas of life: professional, personal, political. Should banks impose strict criteria on clients to promote corporate social responsibility? How to allocate fairly the benefits and burdens of climate change policy options? Do you believe it is ethical for us to use biological enhancement technologies to make us better, rather than simply well? Such problems require careful reflection on the facts – but also on our basic moral values.
The Applied Ethics Master’s programme offers you an in-depth focus on the interaction between moral practice and ethical theory, allowing you to explore ethical theories in relation to actual practical dilemmas. At the end of your studies, you’ll possess a thorough theoretical background in ethics, including important methods and debates in applied ethics. You will also understand the implications of legal and political frameworks for ethical argumentation.
Our interdisciplinary approach offers you multiple avenues of investigation into applied ethics. In addition to studying philosophy, you’ll learn about the contexts in which moral problems arise and the different types of analysis that may be needed in various contexts. You’ll also examine how viewpoints from different disciplines can strengthen ethical reflection and argumentation.
This English-taught Master’s programme attracts international and Dutch students with diverse disciplinary backgrounds (for example, philosophy, medicine, law, international studies, economics) as well as people with professional experience (for example, health care professionals, lawyers, veterinarians, management consultants in corporate social responsibility & business ethics, or journalists). This unique student body provides a wide range of cultural viewpoints through which you can explore ethical dilemmas. The programme offers the opportunity to do an internship with a national or international organisation or NGO, and to participate in elective Master-level courses abroad.
The Master’s programme in Applied Ethics is embedded in Utrecht University’s Ethics Institute, a research-driven organisation that focuses on human dignity and human rights, education ethics, animal ethics, sustainability ethics, public health ethics, and bioethics.
During your studies in this programme, you’ll develop the necessary skills to analyse important current ethical issues. You’ll learn to critically propose possible solutions as well as to engage professionals and other concerned individuals in reflection on the moral dimensions of their practice. After completing the programme, you’ll have the skills to:
There are various career opportunities after graduating with a degree in Applied Ethics. A recent survey shows that around 30% of our graduates work at a university today, either as teachers or as PhD students. After finishing the programme, you are also able to teach ethics to professionals or to work as a consultant in governmental and diplomatic services. Some of our alumni work in journalism or in various NGOs or banks. Read more about possible career prospects.
Do you have a strong desire to sharpen and clarify the loose arguments and vague concepts we all encounter in newspaper articles, textbook readings and everyday conversations? Are you at least as interested in questioning answers as answering questions? The Research Master in Philosophy provides a challenging research-oriented programme that prepares you to participate in the current debates in the international philosophical community and to develop your own research contributions to the field.
Philosophy is a selective, two-year, English-language programme that emphasises active participation in research. During your studies, you will develop the skills, knowledge, and experience needed to be a successful researcher - whether you go on to pursue a PhD in philosophy (our graduates have been highly successful in securing PhD grants) or to pursue a career in one of the many fields that require key research skills. As a graduate of this programme, you will be able to approach your ongoing work with analytical rigor, conceptual clarity, expressive precision, compelling argumentation, and a keen awareness of historical perspectives.
The programme combines an advanced grounding in the core themes and texts of philosophy with ample opportunity and flexibility for specialisation. Through elective seminars, specialised tutorials, and seminars at other universities in the Netherlands or abroad, you will have the opportunity to dive into issues, methods, and philosophers that are central to your own research project. Moreover, since you will conduct your research in an active research community of postdocs, PhD researchers, and senior staff, you will gain hands-on experience as a researcher and participant in current international discussions in philosophy.
During this Research Master’s programme, you will develop the knowledge and skills to participate in the international research community in philosophy. Our course content offers high standards of analytical rigor, conceptual clarity, expressive precision, compelling argumentation, and historical perspective.
Your studies will also help you acquire:
Philosophers can be found in a surprisingly wide range of careers, from journalism and politics to banking and consulting. Those who go on to do a PhD in Philosophy can pursue numerous different roles that professional philosophers play in society. Read more about possible career prospects.
The LLM Transnational Dispute Resolution allows you to develop advanced knowledge of the rules and procedures along which international and transnational disputes are settled.
The course focuses on the contemporary rules, procedures and practices of international courts and tribunals, including the International Court of Justice, interstate and mixed arbitration tribunals, investment dispute resolution mechanisms like International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), or World Trade Organisation (WTO) dispute settlement mechanisms. It also deals with mechanisms allowing the settlement of disputes which are of a hybrid nature, partly international, partly domestic.
You will gain a command of the techniques of argumentation before domestic, regional and international tribunals, as well as critical tools to understand, apprehend and analyse the politics and the dynamics of international dispute resolution mechanisms.
The LLM in Transnational Dispute Resolution provides students with a command of the techniques of argumentation before domestic, regional and international tribunals, advanced knowledge of the rules and procedures along which international and transnational disputes are settled, as well as critical tools to understand, apprehend and analyse the politics and the dynamics of international and transnational disputes.
This course offers the strongest students the opportunity of an internship with a renowned law firm or international organisation.
The course is based on small-group, seminar-style teaching by our research-active teaching staff as well as invited external experts and renowned practitioners.
This master's degree is offered part time to allow those with a professional occupation to follow the course.
Most course units are assessed by standard methods - either one unseen written examination, or one coursework essay, or a combination of these two methods of assessment. The assessment method of each individual course unit is listed in the course unit description on The School of Law website.
The course has a compulsory research component, in which students have the option of choosing either to submit two research papers of 7,000-8,000 words each (and each of the value of 30 credits) or writing a 14,000 to 15,000 words dissertation (60 credits). If students choose the option of submitting two research papers, the first research paper must be within the area of a semester one course unit that you have chosen, and the second research paper must be within the area of a semester two course unit that you have chosen. The research element of the course is supported by weekly research methodology lectures delivered throughout semesters one and two designed to improve students' legal writing and research skills. For specialised streams, dissertation topic must be within those streams while for general LLM dissertation topics must be within one of the modules chosen by the student.
You will be doing 180 credits in total, 120 of which will be taught modules and the remainder 60 credits in the form of two research papers (30 credits each) or a dissertation.
The LLM course will typically offer around 30 different course units in any one year, and will always reflect a wide range of subjects across the legal spectrum. There will usually be course units offered on such diverse topics as international trade and corporate law, financial services regulation, European law, international economic law, intellectual property law, human rights law, corporate governance, and law and finance in emerging markets.
Course units are of the value of 15 or 30 credits. You will be required to select course units to a total of 120 credits, and so must choose a minimum of four course units or may be able to choose a maximum of eight course units to make up your course of study.
The course has a compulsory research component, in which you have the option of choosing either to submit two research papers of 7,000-8,000 words each (and each of the value of 30 credits) or writing a 14,000 to 15,000 words dissertation (60 credits). The taught element of the degree programme will total 120 credits and the research element of the degree programme will total 60 credits i.e. you will study 180 credits for a master's programme. If you choose the option of submitting two research papers, the first research paper must be within the area of a semester one course unit that you have chosen, and the second research within the area of a semester one or a semester two course unit you have taken. If you choose to complete a dissertation this must be within the area of one units you have chosen. The research element of the course is supported by weekly research methodology lectures delivered throughout semesters one and two designed to improve your legal writing and research skills.
The School is offering a number of awards for students applying for masters study. To find out more please visit our Funding for Masters courses page.
Practical support and advice for current students and applicants is available from the Disability Advisory and Support Service. Email: [email protected]
This highly relevant LLM offers you career opportunities with states, government agencies, international courts and tribunals, law firms and multinational corporations who are looking for lawyers with international and transnational dispute resolution.
Today’s Europe demands lawyers who possess a thorough mastery of European law. The European Union increasingly affects all areas of law and the national legal systems of its member states have reached a high level of integration.
EU law teaches a great deal about the relationship between law and economics, history, politics and international relations. This makes EU law of interest not only to lawyers but also to anyone trying to understand one of the most ambitious attempts to get different states work together.
Our LLM programme in European Law, taught entirely in English, will immerse you in this challenging and dynamic field while opening up many new opportunities to you both during and after the programme. It provides a thorough grounding in European law, covering areas such as internal market law, competition law, social law, judicial protection, refugee law, criminal law and public law.
You can choose from two distinctive tracks within the European Law programme:
Our unique programme will help you build both substantive and institutional knowledge of European law. What is the EU banking union, for example? Why do they say that the EU features democratic deficit and how can we enhance democracy and the rule of law in the EU? Our programme also gives you an opportunity to analyse European law in relation to the legal systems of the member states. How is legal protection afforded in cases where decisions are made by both EU and national enforcement authorities? The flexibility of this programme means that you will be able to focus on areas of personal interest. For example, you may choose to take a specialisation (track) or courses from our other Master’s programmes to create a custom minor and during the third period you can choose from Capital Selecta Modules covering different areas of EU law.
This programme is taught by a team of renowned scholars with extensive professional experience in the field of European law. It is also highly international and welcomes students from all over the world each year.
Learning by doing is key to this programme and, as such, knowledge and understanding gained through theoretical modules is complemented by training in legal analysis, argumentation and research.
Your professors take a supportive role in this self-created, individualised approach to your studies. In the Capita Selecta modules and in your own specialisation, you will be trained in essential skills, such as quickly deepening your knowledge in a current, specialised legal topic. From the very beginning, you will also take part in the Research and Thesis Training that prepares you to write your master’s thesis, the culmination of your LLM programme.
If you have the drive to go the extra mile in your studies, there is – the LLM's Honours Programme – an additional honours programme for the best and most highly motivated students.
Master’s programmes within Utrecht University’s School of Law are based on multidisciplinary research conducted by the Faculty of Law, Economics and Governance. This research takes into account socioeconomic and sociopolitical perspectives, as well as the impact of European law on national laws.
The Master’s in European Law is a rigorous, customisable programme of study that will enable you to develop your academic, practical, writing, and oral skills through a combination of case studies, moot courts, research and visits to European legal and professional organisations. By the end of the programme, you will be able to reflect critically on legal issues and to recognise, understand and analyse the relationship between the laws of member states and the wider European Union. You will gain an excellent foundation for your career of choice, whether you aim to build a career in a law firm or major multinational company or work for a European institution, an international organization or a local or national government.
Philosophy at Manchester offers an intellectually stimulating and supportive postgraduate environment. You'll be taught and supervised by members of staff who are all actively involved in research.
The MA Philosophy course combines the in-depth study of specialised areas of analytical philosophy, extensive research training to provide the skills necessary to complete a Master's dissertation, and a dissertation supervised by a member of staff with expertise in the area you wish to study in more depth.
The course is ideal both for those wishing to go on to do a PhD in Philosophy, and for those students who want instead to improve their employability through the development of rigorous critical, analytical and research skills. It provides a deeper knowledge of a wide variety of areas of philosophy than is possible at undergraduate level, and equips students with the ability to plan, organise and work autonomously on a substantial individual project. This project will take the form either of a dissertation of 9000- 12000 words, or of a longer dissertation of up to 20,000 words.
In addition to conferences, workshops and reading groups, we host two regular research seminars, one organized by staff and another by postgraduates (with both groups participating in both) with papers presented by visiting speakers, staff and postgraduate students. We offer bursaries for conference trips, and outstanding student support and resources: the University Library is one of only five National Research Libraries, and one of the best-resourced in the UK
Papers, monographs and edited collections by our academic staff are regularly published in international journals and by prominent academic publishers. We also host a wide variety of conferences at which you can hear cutting-edge philosophical arguments from leaders in the field, ranging from small workshops to large international conferences.
Course Director: Dr David Liggins. Please contact David if you have any questions about the course by emailing him at [email protected]
The course aims to equip students with a strong background in analytical philosophy with exemplary research and analytical skills of a standard to equip them to pursue doctoral study, or to pursue careers in areas that require exemplary skills in argumentation, analysis and research. It aims to do this by providing a deeper understanding of a variety of areas of philosophy through very personalised teaching delivery, with small-group `research seminar'-style classes and a focus on the individual development of research skills.
The 15 credit course units are specialized 'Research Paper' units, taught by members of staff on their own area of research. The 30 credit course unit provides the grounding required to prepare students for writing a dissertation and provides the opportunity to develop a doctoral research proposal. There are two options when it comes to dissertation length. There is an option to complete a more substantial dissertation than is possible with many other Masters courses (90 credits, 17,500-20,000 words). Alternatively, students may complete a shorter, 60 credit dissertation of 9 000 - 12 000 words, and complete an extra two 15 credit modules.
All our Master's modules are taught through small-group seminars. The seminars usually involve some general context-setting and guidance from the course convenor, but are often largely focussed on student-led discussion of set texts that you will have studied in advance in preparation for the discussion. This fosters a proactive and collaborative approach to engaging with the topic and to developing your own views and arguments. All modules apart from Research Skills run for one semester.
The Research Skills module runs through both semesters. Its purpose is (i) to develop students' research, writing and presentation skills and (ii) to guide them through the planning of their dissertation, from selecting a topic and a supervisor and identifying and reviewing key literature through to thinking about what makes for the best philosophical writing. Through taking this module, students will have made substantial progress on planning their dissertation well before the start of the summer vacation. They should also have the foundational skills and knowledge required for further graduate work in philosophy, if desired.
All students are allocated an appropriate supervisor for their dissertations; in practice, you can almost always choose your own dissertation supervisor. You will work throughout the academic year on your dissertation in consultation with your supervisor - focussing on the assessed elements of the Research Skills module during the teaching year, and then, over the summer (and into the autumn for part-time students), on writing.
Important note on part-time study
Part-time students complete the full-time programme over two years. There are NO evening or weekend course units available on the part-time programme.
You must first check the schedule of the modules to ensure that you are able to attend the seminars for the modules you enrol in.
Updated timetable information will be available from mid-August and you will have the opportunity to discuss your module choices during induction week with your Course Director.
Many of our MA Philosophy graduates go on to pursue a PhD in Philosophy. Others embark on careers such as the Civil Service, journalism, teaching, law, and a wide range of related positions in both the public and private sectors.
Our Master’s programme in Public International Law (PIL) at Utrecht University will equip you with a broad range of legal tools to address current global challenges. PIL is a flexible programme that offers you many options, both during your study period and in your career possibilities post-graduation. As an added benefit, the international mix of students in this programme means that you – by working together – will actually offer each other personal "comparative" insights on international law.
Two specialisation tracks
In today’s globalised world, public international law addresses complex, challenging issues that touch everyone’s lives. In the PIL programme, you will explore common themes of public international law with the option to take a specialisation in two tracks:
The Environment and Law of the Sea track will teach you significant knowledge of and insight in the international environmental law and law of the sea. The Human Rights track allows you to acquire both the broad overview and skills of a generalist and the in-depth knowledge of a specialist.
You will build relevant and current skills by studying actual cases facing the International Court of Justice and other international dispute settlement institutions. You will develop your argumentation abilities in moot courts, among other training methods and learn to apply your knowledge of the law to real-life situations. This academic, challenging English-taught LLM programme reflects the Law School’s multi-dimensional approach to legal teaching: developments in public international law are best seen from a broad perspective. You will develop general precepts pertaining to worldwide concerns and learn to apply these precepts to specific cases.
Our Master’s programme in Public International Law offers you active learning methods in which your own interests, ambitions and aims will guide your learning experiences. Your professors take a supportive role in this self-created, individualised approach to your studies. In the Capita Selecta modules and in your own specialisation, you will be trained in the essential skill of how to quickly deepen your knowledge in a current, specialised legal topic. From the very beginning, you will also take part in research and thesis training that prepares you to write your Master’s thesis, the culmination of your LLM programme. If you have the drive to go the extra mile in your studies, there is – the LLM Honour's Programme – an additional honours programme for the best and most highly motivated students.
The Master in Public International Law provides you with thorough and highly individualised training that will prepare you for a legal career in an international environment. You’ll develop your academic and practical abilities through taking part in moot courts, visiting legal and professional organisations and undertaking research focused on your thesis. You will also learn to reflect critically on current legal dilemmas, both human and environmental, presented by our globalised and interdependent world. Whether you aim to build a career as a diplomat, attorney or policy officer in national government, research scientist, legal advisor in an NGO or governmental organisation, or attorney in the legal department of a multinational corporation business, you will learn to work effectively and ethically in the complex world of public international law. When you graduate from this programme, you will receive an LLM diploma.
The PgCert TEAP is for experienced teachers of English who wish to develop their career by gaining specialist skills and knowledge in teaching English for Academic Purposes (EAP).
During the course you learn to
The course is a professional development qualification designed to meet the increasing global demand for well-qualified teachers in EAP. It carries sixty credits, which can be used towards other post-graduate qualifications.
On the first of two modules, you deepen your understanding of learners, cultures of learning, academic discourse and student transition through UK academia. You look in-depth at a range of issues in EAP including learner autonomy, specific-disciplines, argumentation and critical thinking.
On the second of the modules, you take aspects of your own classroom practice and explore and critically evaluate them using current methodology and applied research. By researching a significant aspect of your own teaching you gain a deep understanding of EAP pedagogy.
The scholarship and research skills you gain will allow you to improve the learning experiences of your students and influence the practice of your institution.
The TESOL Centre has thirty years of delivering postgraduate courses to working teachers. We have an established reputation for providing e-teacher education courses and today use Blackboard, a virtual learning environment.
Flexible and dynamic learning online enables you to fit your study around your own personal and professional commitments.
Deepen your understanding of students' needs in their specific disciplines through the comparison of EAP materials and an analysis of authentic academic discourse. Enhance the effectiveness of the support you give students throughout their transition across educational cultures and contexts as you develop their autonomy and critical thinking.
Improve your classroom practice by exploring and critically evaluating current theories of teaching methodology and applied research. Refresh and energise your understanding of the debates within EAP by researching a significant aspect of your own teaching.
Meet your learning objectives through
TESOL Centre graduates are working as language professionals and academic managers in many UK and international educational settings, including global universities, private language centres, colleges and schools.
Many take up roles as teacher educators, teacher managers, materials writers, test developers and language school directors.
In the UK, there were 430,000 non-UK students in 2015/16. Many EFL teachers return to the UK and take jobs teaching this large group of students. Others develop careers teaching academic literacies, writing classes, or study skills to both home and international students.
Recent graduates from the TESOL Centre are working in the UK, Saudi Arabia, Kazakhstan, China, Vietnam, Thailand, Libya, Pakistan, Spain and Italy.
The English Linguistics MA provides students with the theoretical and practical knowledge needed to describe modern English, together with appropriate training in academic writing, linguistic argumentation and research methods. Students have access to the Survey of English Usage, an unparalleled resource for research into grammatical repertoire.
The MA introduces students to the core areas of the study of English Linguistics, including morphology, syntax, phonetics, phonology and pragmatics. The programme trains students to use library OPACS, specialised websites, discussion lists, and databases, among them the ICE-GB corpus, based at the Survey of English Usage in UCL English.
Students undertake modules to the value of 180 credits.
The programme consists of three core components (90 credits), two optional modules (30 credits) and a research dissertation (60 credits).
Students take two optional modules. Different options are offered each year and have included:
All MA Students undertake an independent research project which culminates in a dissertation of 10,000 words. Students have access to the Survey of English Usage for this project.
Teaching and learning
The programme is taught through seminars and individual tutorials. Student assessment is through a portfolio of essays (two 2,000-word essays on English linguistics), two three-hour written papers and the dissertation.
Further information on modules and degree structure is available on the department website: English Linguistics MA
The programme provides an ideal foundation for those wishing to continue to a research degree in English language or linguistics; students who obtain good results in their MA examinations may be considered for the MPhil/PhD programme at UCL (subject to places being available). Graduates may also become teachers or lecturers of English, or pursue a career in writing, publishing, or editing.
Recent career destinations for this degree
Careers data is taken from the ‘Destinations of Leavers from Higher Education’ survey undertaken by HESA looking at the destinations of UK and EU students in the 2013–2015 graduating cohorts six months after graduation.
The department has exceptional resources for the study of English linguistics. Use of the Survey of English Usage has resulted in many important studies of the grammar, semantics and vocabulary of present-day English.
Excellent library facilities are provided by the UCL Library, Senate House Library and the British Library.
The Research Excellence Framework, or REF, is the system for assessing the quality of research in UK higher education institutions. The 2014 REF was carried out by the UK's higher education funding bodies, and the results used to allocate research funding from 2015/16.
The following REF score was awarded to the department: English Language & Literature
85% rated 4* (‘world-leading’) or 3* (‘internationally excellent’)
Learn more about the scope of UCL's research, and browse case studies, on our Research Impact website.