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Masters in Germany

by Mark Bennett

With a strong economy supporting a historic higher education system and large numbers of courses in English, it’s no surprise that Germany is one of Europe’s top postgraduate study destinations.

On this page you can read all about studying a Masters abroad in Germany, with advice on types of university, postgraduate qualifications, application procedures and student visa requirements.

Elsewhere you can read our guide to postgraduate life in Germany and check out our detailed overview of German Masters fees and funding.

Or, if you just want to begin searching for your ideal German Masters program, feel free!

Why study a Masters in Germany?

Not every country can get away with calling itself ‘the land of ideas’, but then few can boast an association with some of history’s most formidable thinkers. From the philosophy of Immanuel Kant to the theoretical physics of Albert Einstein and Werner Heisenberg: Germany is well established as an intellectual powerhouse.

As a postgraduate student in Germany today you’ll have the chance to make your own contribution to the country’s 600 years of academic history - and do so within a modern university system that welcomes international students.

You’ll also benefit from one of Europe’s most generous tuition systems. Unlike undergraduate programs, Masters degrees in Germany aren’t always free, but German postgraduate fees are still lower than in many other countries.

The German higher education system: an introduction for postgraduates

Like many higher education systems, Germany’s is split between public universities (administered by the state) and private higher education providers (set up by independent companies, charities or other organisations).

Both award recognised degrees, but their funding model differs. This can have an impact on student fees, with private universities potentially charging more for courses or otherwise missing out on state funding schemes and subsidies.

In practice, most Masters degrees in Germany are awarded by public universities. In fact, the DAAD (the official German Academic Exchange Service) estimates that only around 5.5% of students in Germany study outside the public university system.

You’ve still got plenty of options as an international postgraduate in Germany though. A variety of higher education institutions and degree programs offers the potential to find a study abroad experience that meets your specific needs and interests.

Public universities

Germany is made up of 16 federal states, or lander, each of which is responsible for its own public universities.

This control extends to funding, fee policy and quality control, but not to academic curricula and student recruitment. Individual universities set their own entry requirements, design their own degree programs and carry out their own assessments and examinations.

Private universities

Private universities are independently administered by religious groups, professional bodies and other organisations.

They are free to set their own fees (which are often higher than those charged by public universities) but the degrees they award are fully recognised and meet appropriate quality standards.

What types of universities offer Masters degrees in Germany?

There are four types of higher education provider in Germany: Research Universities, Technical Universities, Universities of Applied Sciences and Colleges of Art, Film and Music.
  • Research Universities (or Universität) are comprehensive higher education institutions, with the academic expertise and facilities to award higher degrees such as Masters and PhD qualifications. There are over 100 Research Universities in Germany. Most are publically administered.
  • Technical Universities (or Technische Universität) are a sub-group of academic research universities, identified by the abbreviation ‘TU’. Their traditional focus has been on science, technology and engineering disciplines. However, many TU now offer qualifications in other subject areas.
  • Universities of Applied Science (or Fachhochschulen) focus on practical subjects such as engineering, business or social science. They are often partnered with commercial or professional organisations. Fachhochschulen can award taught Masters degrees, but do not carry out the academic research necessary to support postgraduate research programs (such as PhDs). There are over 200 Universities of Applied Sciences in Germany. This category also includes a large number of private institutions – many of which draw on external partnerships to offer high quality internship and supervised training opportunities.
  • Colleges of Art, Film and Music provide highly specialised practical instruction in creative disciplines. They can be part of Research Universities or Universities of Applied Sciences - or operate as entirely independent institutions. Some award Masters degrees and equivalent postgraduate qualifications. However, entry procedures for a German College of Art, Film and Music can be quite strict. Candidates are normally required to demonstrate appropriate creative skills and experience.

Germany is also renowned for its research institutes, many of which are run by organisations such as the Max Planck Society. These carry out important research projects and often work in partnerships with universities, businesses and industry.

You may come across references to these centres whilst exploring academic research and training in Germany – particularly if you are investigating German PhD opportunities. However, they don’t administer and award postgraduate programs such as Masters degrees.

How do I choose a university for Masters study in Germany?

With four different types of institution to choose from in Germany, it may seem tricky to pick the best university for your Masters degree.

In reality though, your decision will depend on the kind of subject you’re interested in and the kind of program you’re looking to study.

If your focus is academic, a Research University or Technical University will be your best bet. Postgraduate courses at these institutions will be informed by the latest research in their subject areas, with excellent opportunities to continue to a PhD in Germany – or elsewhere.

Or, if you’re more interested in picking up new professional skills and vocational expertise, you’ll want to look at Germany’s Universities of Applied Science. Their Masters degrees are just as respected as those from more academic universities, but will be especially suited to the needs of business and professions (including opportunities for internships and expert external training).

Finally, more creatively-minded students can benefit from Germany’s prestigious musical and artistic heritage by applying for a postgraduate course at one of the country’s Colleges of Art, Film and Music.

Remember, our comprehensive database lists Masters degrees from all types of university in Germany. Why not start by searching for courses that interest you and then use the knowledge you’ve gained from this guide to reveal more about the institution/s responsible?

German university rankings

German institutions perform well in international university league tables, featuring in the top 100 of each major global ranking system. In fact, Germany is one of the best ranked non-anglophone study destinations in Europe.

What are the top-ranked universities in Germany?

Three German universities feature in the top 100 of each main international ranking table: The University of Heidelberg (Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg), TU Munich (Technische-Universität Munchen) and LMU Munich (Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität Munchen).

Other German universities also feature in the top 100 of one or more individual rankings, as follows.

German universities in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings

Nine universities feature in the top 100 of the 2015-16 THE World University Rankings:

German Unis in the THE Ranking
University Place
LMU Munich 29
University of Heidelberg 37
Humboldt University of Berlin 49
TU Munich 53
Free University of Berlin 72
University of Tübingen 78
University of Freiburg 84
University of Bonn 94
University of Göttingen 99

Several German universities also feature in the THE 100 Under 50 Rankings, which focusses exclusively on newer universities:

German Unis in the THE 100 Under 50 Ranking
University Place
Ulm University 15
University of Konstanz 19
University of Bremen 26
Ruhr University Bochum 54
Bielefeld University 57
University of Duisburg-Essen 59
Bayreuth University 72

For information on understanding and using the THE World Rankings as a postgraduate, see our guide.

German universities in the Academic Ranking of World Universities

Four German universities feature in the top 100 of the 2015 Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU):

German Unis in the ARWU
University Place
University of Heidelberg 46
TU Munich 51
LMU Munich 52
University of Bonn 97

For more information on understanding and using the ARWU rankings as a postgraduate, see our guide.

German universities in the QS World University Rankings

Four German universities feature in the top 100 of the 2015-16 QS World University Rankings:

German Unis in the QS World University Rankings
University Place
TU Munich 60
University of Heidelberg 66
LMU Munich 75
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology 93

There are also three universities in the specialist QS Top 50 Under 50 ranking:

German Universities in the QS Top 50 Under 50 Ranking
University Place
University of Ulm 17
University of Konstanz 35
University of Bremen 45

For advice on understanding and using the QS World University Rankings as a postgraduate, see our guide.

German Masters degrees: program types and course structure

The good news for international students is that postgraduate education in Germany follows the same basic model as other European university systems.

The country is a signatory to the Bologna Process and therefore offers a standard ‘three cycle’ degree format. German Masters degrees are the second of these three cycles: following undergraduate courses and (sometimes) preceding more advanced postgraduate research at PhD level.

This means that existing undergraduate qualifications earned in other European countries will usually be accepted by German universities without much difficulty. What’s more, it also means that your German Masters degree will be internationally recognised and recognisable.

How long is a German Masters degree?

Most German Masters degrees last for two years. The exact length of a program is measured in semesters (as is common practice elsewhere in Europe). This allows some flexibility, with courses lasting for one, one-and-a-half or two years, as necessary.

In practice, however, German Masters courses last from two to four semesters, which equates to one or two years of full-time postgraduate study (the German academic year is made up of two teaching semesters).

What types of Masters degree are offered in Germany?

German Masters degrees are normally offered as taught courses, awarding MA (Master of Arts) or MSc (Master of Science) qualifications. More specialised degrees are also available in subjects such as Engineering.

These will probably be quite familiar to you if you already know something about postgraduate education. The main difference between Germany and some other study destinations (such as the UK) is that research Masters degrees (such as the MRes) are rarely offered.

Your Masters will include a final project or dissertation, but fully independent postgraduate research in Germany takes place at PhD level.

How many ECTS credits is a German Masters worth?

A German Masters degree is usually worth 120 ECTS credits, earned across two years of study at 60 credits per year.

90 of these credits are earned for completing taught modules on specific aspects of your degree subject, across the first two to three semesters of your Masters. The remaining 30 will be awarded for a dissertation or other research project, completed in your final semester.

What is the content of a German Masters program?

Most German Masters degrees are taught courses, organised into separate modules or other units of study.

Of course, the ‘taught’ content of different programs will vary. Depending on your course you might learn through lectures, small-group seminars, practical workshops, fieldwork or directed independent study.

The balance between these different components will depend on the focus of your Masters:

  • An academic program at a Research University will probably involve a lot of core lectures and seminars, supported by practical work in a laboratory or by independent study and reading.
  • A more professionally orientated program at a University of Applied Science might include more hands-on training and / or workshops organised by external experts and industry figures.
  • An artistic program at a College of Art, Film and Music will be very focussed on developing and assessing your practical skills and proficiencies.

How do Masters dissertations work in Germany?

Most German masters degrees include a final year project or research task, written up in the form of an extended dissertation or thesis. You will complete this work with the advice and support of an expert supervisor, but the emphasis will still be on the development and demonstration of your own ideas and academic expertise.

This procedure is similar to that for Masters dissertations in other parts of the world. Where Germany differs is in the examination process for a Masters thesis.

Unlike the UK (where a thesis is read and assessed as a piece of written work) some German universities include a presentation or oral ‘defence’ as part of their assessment process. This is similar to the viva voce exam at the end of a PhD – but much less demanding!

You will give a short talk about your research topic and perhaps answer some questions about your findings and conclusions.

Assessing a Masters thesis in this way is actually quite common in Europe and doesn’t need to be intimidating. The chance to stand up and ‘show off’ your research can be a really fulfilling experience.

It’s also a great item for your CV – reflecting the unique challenges and opportunities that were part of your study abroad experience and which other candidates may not have experiences.

How are German Masters degrees assessed and graded?

Germany uses a five point grading system for Masters programs and other taught courses. Passing grade bands range from 1.0 (the best) to 4.0 (a narrow pass). The full range of grade bands for a German Masters degree is given in the table below:

Masters Grades at German Unis
Grade Label Detail
1.0 to 1.5 Sehr Gut (Very Good / Excellent) The best possible grade, representing exceptional achievement.
1.6 to 2.5 Gut (Good) A strong grade, representing above-average achievement.
3.6 to 3.5 Befriedigend (Satisfactory) A reasonable grade, representing acceptable achievement.
3.6 to 4.0 Ausreichend (Sufficient) A poor passing grade, representing the lowest level of achievement at which a qualification can still be awarded.

A band between 4.0 and 5.0 may sometimes be used to mark failing work that has not reached an acceptable standard to pass at postgraduate level.

Your final grade will be determined by summing up your performance across various modules and your dissertation, with each component weighted according to its ECTS credit level.

Applying for a Masters in Germany

Germany is rightly proud of the quality of its higher education system and its universities examine applications very carefully – particularly for courses subject to a numerus clausus (limiting the number of student places available).

That doesn’t mean the German admissions process is unfair, or that applying to study abroad in Germany is impossibly challenging (around 200,000 international students would say otherwise!).

In fact the German university admissions process is designed to take student applications seriously and ensure that you end up on the right course, with the opportunity to succeed.

This extends to the organisation of German postgraduate courses into ‘consecutive’ and ‘non-consecutive’ Masters degrees, depending on their entry process and requirements.

A specialist service – Uni-Assist – is also available to help international students with their applications to study a Masters at certain universities in Germany – offering support with the recognition of foreign qualifications.

How do I apply for a Masters in Germany?

There is no centralised portal or ‘clearing house’ for postgraduate applications to German universities. Instead students normally find a course they are interested in at a suitable university and then apply directly to that institution.

However, some universities in Germany use a service called Uni-Assist to manage international applications. You can read more about applying through Uni-Assist below.

In all cases, you can make multiple simultaneous applications to study a Masters in Germany - but make sure you have time to manage these and meet their requirements in a satisfactory manner.

What is the difference between a consecutive and non-consecutive Masters?

Masters degrees in Germany are often referred to as being ‘consecutive’ or ‘non-consecutive’, depending on how they relate to a student’s existing studies and experience. Some courses may be further distinguished as professional Masters programs.

  • A consecutive Masters follows directly from a Bachelors degree in the same field.
  • A non-consecutive Masters (or continuing education Masters) focusses on a different (though potentially related) area and may require practical experience in addition to a Bachelors degree.
  • A professional Masters degree focusses on a vocational subject such as teaching or nursing.

Consecutive Masters courses may sometimes be specifically designated as such, meaning that they will only admit candidates with a relevant Bachelors (often with no significant gap in a student’s studies).

These courses are intended for students proceeding from undergraduate to postgraduate study, along a continuous academic pathway.

Non-consecutive Masters courses, on the other hand, may not relate directly to a specific undergraduate topic, or they may require practical experience (or both).

Such programs are ideal for applicants who wish to enhance their career with additional postgraduate training and are studying ‘non-consecutively’, with a period of work in-between their undergraduate and postgraduate studies.

Note that some universities draw a finer distinction between ‘non-consecutive’ Masters programs that can be studied by applicants with an academic degree in another subject and continuing education Masters programs that are designed for professionals returning to university to ‘continue’ their education.

Professional Masters courses focus on subjects like teaching, nursing or law. In practice they often function as non-consecutive programs, allowing students to make the transition into a regulated profession (or engage in postgraduate study as part of their own continuing professional development).

Note that the requirements for consecutive and non-consecutive Masters degrees in Germany can vary between institutions.

You may well be able to return to university after a period of work and study a ‘consecutive’ Masters that continues your previous undergraduate studies.

You may also be able to proceed directly to a ‘non-consecutive’ Masters in a different subject area, provided it doesn’t require specific experience alongside your undergraduate degree.

A course’s designation as consecutive or non-consecutive can have an impact on the fees charged for it. Consecutive programs may be free for students continuing directly from a related undergraduate course in Germany.

For more information, see our guide to Masters fees and funding in Germany.

Which German Masters programs are subject to a numerus clausus?

A numerus clausus is a restriction on the number of places available on particular courses (numerus clausus translates as ‘restricted number’).

Programs associated with regulated medical professions are most likely to be subject to a numerous clausus in Germany. Examples include Medicine, Veterinary Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy.

Maintaining a numerus clausus helps ensure that the quality of graduates in these key subject areas is kept high and the number of highly specialised professionals they produce does not exceed vacancies.

There are two main types of numerus clausus at German universities:

  • Some subjects are centrally restricted by the German government and subject to a zentraler numerus clausus.
  • Other subjects are locally restricted by universities themselves. These are subject to a lokaler numerus clausus.

Your university will make it clear whether a given Masters program is subject to any kind of numerus clausus and what effect this will have on your application process.

Locally restricted programs may have some flexibility with respect to the number of students they will admit in a given year, but admission to centrally restricted subjects will normally be very competitive.

What are the admissions requirements for a Masters in Germany?

The main requirement for admission to a Masters in Germany is a suitable Bachelors degree. This doesn’t have to have been awarded in Germany, but it will need to be recognised by the German university you apply to. Further requirements may also apply, concerning the content of your existing degree and the grades you have achieved.

Assessment of qualifications in Germany

Sometimes the possession of an appropriate undergraduate degree will be sufficient for entry to a Masters in Germany (provided you meet other criteria, such as language requirements). This is more likely for a consecutive Masters program in the same field as your Bachelors.

However, universities may investigate your qualifications further in order to ensure their relevance. This could include checking the content of your undergraduate course and confirming that you have earned a sufficient number of credits (or their equivalent) in relevant areas.

If you apply to a German university through Uni-Assist their service will help check your qualifications.

You may also be able to receive assistance from one of the EU’s ENIC-NARIC academic recognition centres.

Applying before you have completed your undergraduate degree

Many students begin applying for a Masters during the final year of their Bachelors degree. Universities understand this and will normally accept a projected degree result, a transcript of your current progress and / or a statement from your course tutor.

Other admissions requirements

Your application is likely to be subject to more scrutiny if you are applying to a competitive Masters program (with a limited number of places).

In some cases universities may set additional entry requirements. These could include:

  • Asking for details of your secondary education – This isn’t always necessary if your Bachelor’s degree is relevant to the Masters you’re applying to, but some very competitive applications processes may wish to see further details of an international student’s educational history. This normally takes the form of a ‘school-leaving certificate’, equivalent to the German Hochschulzugangsberechtigung. Certificates from most EU and EEA education systems will normally be accepted without difficulty (examples include British GCSEs or A Levels).
  • Arranging an interview – German universities may want to discuss your application and experience with you. This could involve a formal interview (for particularly competitive courses with limited places) but video conferencing platforms (such as Skype) can also be arranged for international students.
  • Setting additional entry tests – Particularly competitive (or specialised) Masters programs in Germany may ask you to sit an additional entry exam or take a standardised postgraduate admissions test as part of your application. This isn’t likely for most courses, but it can be a requirement for subjects such as law or medicine, for which institutions will want to ensure the compatibility of your existing training. Applications to business schools and MBA programs are also likely to require a score from recognised tests such as the GMAT or GRE.

Don’t worry if the above list seems intensive or intimidating. It’s unlikely for universities to require all of them and many courses will be satisfied with a recognised Bachelors degree.

If you are applying for a particularly prestigious course then you can expect a correspondingly tougher application process, but then, you’d expect nothing less, right?

Your university should make any additional requirements clear to you before you apply – in fact, you can read about the admissions criteria and applications process for individual German Masters degrees in our course listings.

What are the language requirements for a Masters in Germany?

German language requirements for university study will depend on the language instruction for a specific course. Programs in German will normally expect international applicants to demonstrate proficiency in the language. However, many universities now offer English-language Masters, for which no German is required.

Exact language requirements for a German Masters degree will depend on the course in question and the background of the student:

  • Programs in English will not require a German language test or certificate. However, non-native English speakers may still be required to take an English language test (exceptions will normally be made if you have completed an undergraduate degree, or other course, in English).
  • Programs in German will normally require international applicants to sit a recognised German language test (or provide other evidence of their proficiency, such as an existing qualification studied in German). Some courses will accept a lower score at the application stage, allowing applicants to take further German language training before they commence their degree (or do so during the early stages of their Masters).

Remember, even if your course doesn’t require a German test, it’s still worth taking the opportunity to build up your language skills whilst studying abroad.

Doing so will make your time in Germany much more interesting and rewarding – plus, gaining proficiency in a second language is a great way to get more out of your international Masters and reflect the experience on your CV.

German language tests

There are two main language tests for international students in Germany: the TestDaf and the DSH. Both are widely accepted by German universities. You can read more about them in our guide to German language tests for Masters study.

English language tests

Commonly recognised international academic English language tests include the TOEFL, the IELTS and the PTE. Scores from one of these may be accepted if you are applying to study an English-language program in Germany as a non-native speaker of English. You can read more about these in our guide to English language tests for Masters study.

Do international students in Germany need health insurance?

Yes, health insurance is mandatory for all students in Germany, including postgraduates. However, you may already be covered under a reciprocal agreement such as the European Union’s European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).

The following countries maintain reciprocal healthcare agreements with Germany:

  • EU member states: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden and the UK.
  • EEA member states: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway as well as Switzerland.
  • Other candidate EU members and associated countries: Bosnia-Herzogovina, Israel, Liechtenstein, Morocco, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, Tunisia and Turkey.

If you are a citizen of any of the above states you will normally be covered by any existing public healthcare plan in your home country. However, you should confirm this prior to your application (check with your prospective university, or with a healthcare authority at home / in Germany). In some cases there may be additional ‘top-up’ charges for treatment under these agreements.

If you are not covered by a reciprocal healthcare agreement you may still be covered by existing private health insurance. You can check this with your policy provider.

In all other cases you will need to purchase health insurance in Germany. You should be able to do this quite cheaply by paying into a public health insurance plan.

This costs around €80 per month for students under 30 who have not exceeded 14 semesters (seven years) of study in Germany. Otherwise the cost is roughly €160.

Do German universities charge application fees for Masters programs?

Some universities in Germany will charge small administrative fees for applications to their Masters programs. This covers the cost of processing your application.

Fees are not likely to be high – most will be less than €50.

Which German Masters degrees use Uni-Assist?

Uni-Assist is an international applications portal used by some universities in Germany. Not all courses require students to apply for a Masters through Uni-Assist, but for those that do use of the service is generally compulsory.

You can read up to date details of the universities that use Uni-Assist to process some or all of their international applications on the Uni-Assist website.

Note that a university may only use Uni-Assist for some of its Masters programs - be sure to confirm the application process for the specific course you are interested in.

The exact role played by Uni-Assist can differ between universities and programs. In most cases the service will review applications to ensure they are valid. This also involves confirming the recognition and accreditation of foreign qualifications and transcripts.

Uni-Assist then either forwards a student’s application to the university or generates a VPD (Vorpruefungsdokumentation) certificate with which they can complete an application themselves.

Uni-Assist fees

There is a charge for using the Uni-Assist service, covering the cost of reviewing and processing your application.

Charges are currently set at €75 for the first university you apply to and a further €15 for each additional university you apply to within the same semester. This means that you can use the Uni-Assist service to make multiple applications without incurring prohibitive costs.

In some cases a German university will pay your Uni-Assist fees for you. This is known as ‘cost transfer’. You can view a list of institutions for which cost transfer applies on the Uni-Assist website.

What is the application deadline for a Masters degree in Germany?

Deadlines for a German Masters application will depend on the semester in which a course commences.

As a rough estimate, you should complete applications for a German Masters commencing in the winter semester by mid-July; applications for the summer semester should be completed by mid-January.

Universities are free to set their own dates. The best way to confirm these is to contact their international office or check the details in our course listings (all of which provide some information on application deadlines).

Note that international applications can take some time to review. You may also be asked for additional supporting documents or be invited to complete an interview.

For these reasons you should always aim to apply for a German Masters degree as early as possible. This will give you time to respond to requests for further information and support your application to the best of your ability.

If you are using Uni-Assist you should allow at least four to six weeks for your application to be processed before it is submitted to a university.

Masters student visas in Germany

Germany is a welcoming country with a huge number of international students – in fact it’s the fifth most popular study abroad destination in the world!

What’s more, as a part of the EU, Germany maintains open borders and relaxed immigration agreements with various other European countries. This means that, if you’re an EU or EEA national, you may not actually need a formal visa to study in Germany at all.

Germany also offers a special type of entry visa to students who are still completing their applications and have not yet had final confirmation of their place at a university.

Who needs a visa to study a Masters in Germany?

You will need to apply for a German student visa if you are not a citizen of an EU member state, an EEA member state or of Switzerland. There are two types of visa for study in Germany: a student applicant visa and a student visa.

Note that you cannot enter Germany on a tourist visa and study a Masters degree. Nor can you subsequently convert a tourist visa into a student applicant visa or student visa. This also applies to visas awarded for short courses (such as language training).

Therefore, make sure the visa you apply for is appropriate to the full program of study you are looking to complete in Germany. If in doubt, you can check with your university’s international office or with a German embassy in your home country.

You can read more about the application requirements for a student visa in Germany below.

Once you have acquired a student visa you will also need to register your presence locally and acquire a Residence Permit. This applies to all students – including those from the EU and EEA.

What are the immigration requirements for EU and EEA Masters students in Germany?

Citizens of the EU and EEA (as well as Switzerland) can enter Germany for short stays without a visa. However, you will still need to register in order to remain in the country long enough to complete a Masters course. You can do this by applying for a residence permit, as detailed below.

How do you apply for a German student visa?

You should normally begin your application for a student visa at a German consulate or embassy in your home country. Your university and its international office may also be able to advise and assist you.

Application requirements vary slightly between different types of student visa in Germany, but will normally include a valid passport as well as proof of health insurance and evidence that you have the financial means to support yourself in Germany.

More detailed requirements are as follows:

  • A valid passport – All visa applications will require you to present a valid passport. Note that, even though EU and EEA citizens do not need to apply for a visa, they should still take their passport to Germany (it may be required to register for a residence permit or for other purposes during your stay).
  • Proof of enrolment – Applications for a student visa will require confirmation that you have been accepted on to a suitable degree program at a recognised German university. Your university should be able to provide this. A student applicant visa won’t require proof of enrolment, but will eventually need to be converted to a full student visa.
  • Confirmation of health insurance – You will need to present proof of your health insurance, either in the form of a European Health Insurance Card, or other policy.
  • Evidence of financial resources – International students in Germany must show that they can support themselves during their studies, with roughly €8,000 available per year. You can do so by producing a document called a Finanzierungsnachweis. This can take various forms, including a commitment of support from your parents, evidence of a sufficient bank balance or notification of a scholarship or bursary that includes a sufficient maintenance grant. Note that you shouldn’t rely on a part-time job to support yourself as a Masters student.
  • Academic certificates – You may need to present proof of your academic qualifications in order to receive a visa to study in Germany. This is more likely for student applicant visas (applications for a full student visa will be based on your university having already accepted and admitted you).

Once you have received a student visa you will be able to enter Germany and remain for up to three months. This isn’t long enough to complete a Masters degree, but don’t worry: your student visa is only for the purpose of entering Germany. Once you have it, you can apply for a full residence permit (see below).

Note that a student applicant visa cannot be used to gain a residence permit – you will first need to convert it to a full student visa by receiving confirmation of enrolment at a German university.

How do you apply for a residence permit as a Masters student in Germany?

Whatever your visa requirements, you should register your presence as an international student in Germany within 90 days (or three months) of arrival. The process for this differs slightly depending on your nationality.

  • If you are an EU, EEA or Swiss national (and do not require a visa to enter Germany) you will simply need to register with your local Residents’ Registration Office and notify them of your address. You will then receive a certificate called a Meldebestätigung which confirms your residence in Germany and automatically entitles you to receive a full Residence Permit.
  • Other students (who do require a visa to enter Germany) will need to register their address with the Resident Registration Office as normal, but then take their confirmation of registration to a separate Alien Registration Office.

In most cases the application requirements for a residence permit will include confirmation of your residents’ registration, your passport, your student visa (if applicable) and a small processing fee.

If you are an EU, EEA or Swiss student and have not yet presented proof of financial resources, health insurance and confirmation of enrolment, you may need to do so when applying for a residence permit.

Duration of residence permits

Residence permits for study in Germany are normally valid for two years. This is long enough to complete most Masters programs.

Extending a residence permit

Should your permit need to be extended for any reason you will need approval. This will normally be granted for both EU and non-EU students, provided the length of your course exceeds two years and you are making satisfactory progress in your studies.

Extensions to residence permits for may be more difficult to acquire if you have failed part of your Masters and are attempting to retake part of your program (particularly if you are a non-EU citizen whose right to reside in Germany is dependent on a student visa). Your university will be able to advise you if required.

Once you have graduated from your Masters you will normally be entitled to remain in Germany for a certain period and seek work or further study opportunities - see below.

After graduation – careers and opportunities with a German Masters degree

The German economy has proven to be one of the most robust in Europe, weathering the recent recession on the back of a strong industrial, engineering and manufacturing base.

The country’s universities have contributed to – and benefitted from – this resilience, making a German Masters degree an internationally respected qualification.

German ingenuity and expertise is particularly renowned in high-tech industries such as biotechnology, automotive design and manufacture and information technology.

The country is also home to one of Europe’s most important banking and finance sectors, with excellent opportunities for Masters graduates in economics, accounting and related areas.

Can you remain in Germany to work after completing a Masters degree?

EU students are automatically entitled to seek work in Germany and can remain in the country for this purpose after completing a Masters (provided their residence permit is renewed).

Other students also benefit from a generous immigration policy, with the right to remain in the country for 18 months as a jobseeker. If you find a full-time job within this time you will be able to apply for a longer term residence permit.

Job prospects for graduates in Germany are good, but most positions will require you to speak German – an extra incentive to work on your language skills alongside your Masters degree!

Can you remain in Germany for further study after a Masters degree?

Yes, a German Masters degree is an excellent platform for further postgraduate study at PhD level. You will normally be welcome to stay in the country and pursue another course of study, subject to the renewal of your visa and / or residence permit.

By the time you have completed your Masters you will be familiar with the German university system and will probably have developed strong German language skills.

You may also have made good connections with researchers or projects in your desired subject area – many academic Masters programs lead naturally into PhD projects in the same areas (sometimes even at the same university).

You can read more about PhD study in Germany at FindAPhD.com.

Last updated - 20/10/2015

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